I'm Shirley Griffith. And I'm Christopher Cruise with PEOPLE IN AMERICA in VOA Special English. Today we tell about Patricia Neal, a famous actress who reached the top of her profession but had many personal tragedies.
In the nineteen forties and fifties, one American actress could be identified by listening to her speak just a few words:
"I didn't want to be tied to anything. I wanted to destroy it rather than let it be part of a world where beauty and genius and greatness have no chance."
That was Patricia Neal in the nineteen-forty-nine film "The Fountainhead."
She was named Patsy Louise Neal when she was born in nineteen twenty-six in Packard, Kentucky, a coal-mining camp. Her father was a manager at a coal mine. Packard no longer exists. It disappeared, as mining camps often do, and few people remember it. But Packard's most famous daughter is remembered for her great beauty, success, talent, bravery and activism.
Later the family moved to Knoxville, Tennessee. Patricia began acting as a teenager. She studied drama at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois for two years but left to go to New York City. In nineteen forty-seven she won a Tony award the first year the awards were given for her first Broadway performance. She played a teenage girl in "Another Part of the Forest" written by Lillian Hellman. Her success on Broadway quickly brought offers from Hollywood filmmakers.
By the age of twenty-one, Patricia Neal was on the cover of Life magazine. Being on the cover meant you were a star. Millions of Americans read the magazine every week.
SHIRLEY GRIFFITH: Soon after Patricia Neal arrived in Hollywood, she met Gary Cooper, one of the most famous movie stars of the time. They starred together in "The Fountainhead" in nineteen forty-nine. It was the film version of Ayn Rand's famous book.
"Come in...I expected you to come here."
"I didn't know your name. You knew mine, but you haven't tried to find me in all these months."
"I wanted you to find me and have to come to me."
"If it gives you pleasure to know that you are breaking me down I'll give you a greater satisfaction...I love you, Roark. Would it please you to hear that I've lived in torture all these months? Hoping never to find you again and wishing to give my life just to see you once more. But you knew that, of course – that's what you wanted me to live through."
Gary Cooper was forty-eight years old and married. Patricia Neal was just twenty-three. But they soon became lovers. Their three-year love affair ended when Cooper refused to leave his wife and daughter for Neal, even after Neal became pregnant with his child. This hurt Patricia Neal terribly. She had an illegal abortion. She suffered an emotional collapse. She left Hollywood and moved to New York City.
In nineteen fifty-three, she met and married the British writer Roald Dahl. More than thirty years later, she said in an interview that she did not love Dahl when she married him. But she wanted very much to be a mother.
"So I thought, well, I will marry him because he will give me divine children, and I wanted children so much - you have no idea how much I wanted children. And that, that is really why I married Roald Dahl because I thought I would never be deeply in love again because I had been deeply in love with Gary Cooper."
They moved to England where they had five children. In the nineteen fifties Patricia Neal again appeared on Broadway. In nineteen fifty-seven she returned to film and starred in "A Face in the Crowd" directed by Elia Kazan. But two tragedies happened to Neal and Dahl in the nineteen sixties. Their infant son Theo suffered brain damage when a car hit him in New York City. Their seven-year-old daughter Olivia died from the disease measles.
Patricia Neal lived in England with her husband and children, but she continued to make movies in Hollywood. In nineteen sixty-four, she received an Academy Award for best actress. She won the award for her performance as Alma the housekeeper in the movie "Hud," starring Paul Newman.
"Don't you ever ask?"
"Well, the only question I ever ask any woman is ‘What time is your husband comin' home?'"
"Must say I've been asked with a little more finesse in my time."
"I'll bring ya a two-pound box of candy and maybe a bottle of perfume from the drugstore."
"No thanks. I done my time with one cold-blooded bastard. I'm not lookin' for another."
"It's too late, honey, you already found him."
In nineteen sixty-five, a year after she won the Oscar, Patricia Neal suffered three strokes. She was thirty-nine years old and three months pregnant with her fifth child. She was unconscious for three weeks. When she woke up, she was blind and could not speak. And she was unable to move parts of her body.
She was in such terrible condition that Variety, a national entertainment newspaper, reported that she had died.
"I've read about my death in the paper."
"Patricia Neal, thirty-nine, last-year's Oscar-winning best actress who won five prizes for her first Broadway performance in nineteen forty-seven, died last night at UCLA Medical Center."
The report was wrong, but not by much. She was near death. It was three months before she was able to walk again and speak a little. Her husband forced her to improve. But every day was difficult. She said she hated life. "I wanted to commit suicide," she said, "but I didn't know how." Six months after the strokes, she gave birth to a healthy daughter named Lucy. She believes the strokes kept her from becoming a major star.
"I'd just won the Academy Award. I was going to go sensational. I was gonna get the most heavenly parts in the world. I would win Oscar after Oscar after Oscar."
"You were thirty-nine years old – at the beginning, in fact, of a career."
"And it was killed."
But by nineteen sixty-eight she was back in the movies. The strokes affected her brain so much that it was very difficult for her to remember her lines. But she worked hard. And she received an Academy Award nomination for her role in "The Subject Was Roses."
She played an angry mother who uses her son as a weapon against her husband.
In nineteen seventy-eight, she dedicated the Patricia Neal Rehabilitation Center in Knoxville, Tennessee. The center helps people who have had strokes. Patricia Neal raised money for children and adults who had suffered brain injuries. She showed that a brain injury did not mean the end of life or the end of joy. She said: "I can't see from one eye. I've been paralyzed. I've fallen down and broken a hip. Stubbornness gets you through the bad times. Don't give in."
In nineteen eighty-three, Patricia Neal suffered another personal tragedy. She learned that her husband had been having a long relationship with her closest friend. After thirty years in England, she ended her marriage and returned to the United States.
Patricia Neal was eighty-four when she died of lung cancer in two thousand ten. She had made almost forty movies.
They include "The Day the Earth Stood Still" and "Breakfast at Tiffany's." She had worked with the most famous actors of her time.
She also appeared in many television programs. She had had a productive career, but it was not everything she had wanted it to be. She wished she had become a great star.
A friend remembered her as one of the most extraordinary women of our time. "She was constantly inspiring everyone for her courage and dedication. Whether on stage, in motion pictures or in her personal life, she maintained her unique beauty and personality."
Jennie Morrow raises money to support the Patricia Neal Rehabilitation Center. She said Patricia Neal faced severe problems with such style and grace. "She was so inspirational to the patients. She stopped to hear their stories, held their hands and applauded their success. And she knew about the value of applause."
Patricia Neal struggled back to a productive life after many personal and professional problems. She helped others who were recovering from strokes. But one writer said after she died: "She wished to be remembered not for gossip, or for her personal life, but for her performances on stage and screen."
In two thousand five, Patricia Neal said: "I am an actress, and I will take any good part as long as I can stand up. And when I can no longer do that, I will take them lying down."
After she died, the New York Times newspaper wrote that her life moved back and forth between victory and tragedy. A book about her is called "Patricia Neal: An Unquiet Life." That seems like a good way to describe the life she lived.
"I've loved being here..."
Economic collapse is a rare circumstance.
He is suffering from the loss of his old friend.
The old man was laid up with a severe stroke.
4.she gave birth to a healthy daughter named Lucy.
give birth to 生产；生孩子
Mother koalas give birth to babies only every other year.
5.She had had a productive career, but it was not everything she had wanted it to be.
India is a rich productive country.
6.She was so inspirational to the patients.
Then at an air show in 1976, I witnessed something inspirational.
今天我们将讲述帕德里夏·妮尔的故事，她是一名著名女演员，虽然她达到了自己职业生涯的巅峰却经历了很多个人悲剧 。在1940和50年代，她的几句话很能定义一名女演员：“我不想依赖于任何东西，我想摧毁它而不是让它成为这个世界的一部分，在这个世界里，美丽、天赋和伟大是没有机会的 。”这是1945年，帕德里夏·妮尔在电影《根源》中的台词 。
1926年出生时，她的名字是帕蒂·路易丝·尼尔 。她出生于肯塔基州帕卡德的一个煤矿营 。她的父亲是一名煤矿经理 。现在帕卡德已经不存在了 。它消失了 。经常有煤矿营消失，很少有人记得 。但是帕卡德最著名的女儿却因她的美丽、成功、天赋、勇敢和行动主义而被人铭记 。之后，一家人搬到了田纳西州的诺克斯维尔 。青少年时期的帕德里夏开始表演 。她在伊利诺斯州埃文斯顿的西北大学学了两年的戏剧，但是她辍学去了纽约市 。
1947年，她在百老汇的首次演出为她赢得了首个托尼奖 。她在莉莉安·海尔曼的作品《森林的另一处》中扮演少女 。她在百老汇的成功很快便为她赢得好莱坞电影制片人的邀约 。21岁的时候，帕德里夏·妮尔登上《生活》杂志封面 。上封面意味着你是一个明星了 。每周有上百万美国人看这个杂志 。帕德里夏·妮尔来到好莱坞不久后，她便遇到了加里·库珀，加里·库珀是那时最著名的电影明星之一 。1949年，他们共同出演电影《根源》 。该电影改编自艾茵·兰德的著名小说 。
“请进…我希望你到这里来 。”“我不知道你的名字 。你知道我的名字，可是这几个月却从没试着找过我 。”“我想让你找到我，不得不来找我 。”如果这样能让你高兴的话，你快让我奔溃了，满足了么...我爱你，罗克 。这几个月我备受煎熬，听到这些你开心么希望再也不用去寻找你，希望还能再次见到你 。但是你知道的...当然了—这不就是你想让我经受的吗 。”
48岁的加里·库珀已经结婚了 。帕德里夏·妮尔当时只有23岁，但是他们很快便成为了恋人 。他们维系三年的婚外情还是结束了，因为加里·库珀拒绝为了妮尔离开他的妻子和女儿，即使妮尔怀了他的孩子 。这件事深深伤害了妮尔 。她接受非法堕胎，并遭遇情绪上的奔溃 。她离开好莱坞搬到了纽约市 。1953年，她遇上了英国作家罗尔德·达尔并和他结婚 。三十多年后，她在一次采访中说，和达尔结婚时，她并不爱他，但是她非常想成为一名母亲 。
“所以我想，我和他结婚是因为他能给我孩子，我非常想要孩子—你根本知道我有多想要孩子 。这是我嫁给罗尔德·达尔的真实原因，因为我认为我再也不会爱的那么深沉了因为我一直深爱着加里·库珀 。”
他们搬到英格兰，在那里生了五个孩子 。1950年代，帕德里夏·妮尔再次出现在百老汇 。1957年，她重返影界并出演伊利亚卡赞导演的电影《登龙一梦》 。但是1960年代，发生了两个悲剧 。他们的儿子在纽约市遭遇车祸造成脑损伤 。他们七岁的女儿奥利维亚死于麻疹 。帕德里夏·妮尔和她的丈夫孩子生活在英格兰，但她还是继续在好莱坞拍电影 。1964年，她获得奥斯卡最佳女演员奖 。她因在电影《原野铁汉》中饰演女管家阿尔玛而获奖，该片男主为保罗·纽曼 。
“你从不问别人的吗？”我只会问女人一个问题 “你丈夫何时回家？”“别人问的时候更有技巧 。”“我会从药店里那一盒糖，也许还能拿一瓶香水 。”“不用，谢谢 。我可受够了一个冷血的混蛋，不想再找第二个 。”“亲爱的，太晚了，你已经找到他了 。”
1965年，在帕德里夏·妮尔获奥斯卡奖后第二年，她经历了三次中风 。那时她39岁并有三个月身孕，这是他们的第五个孩子 。她昏迷了三个星期 。当她清醒时，她失明了且不能讲话，身体的部分也无法移动 。她的情况非常糟糕，以至于一家国立娱乐报纸报道，她已经去世了 。
“我在报纸上看到了自己的死讯 。”“帕德里夏·妮尔，39岁，上一届奥斯卡最佳女演员获得者，1957年曾因首次百老汇演出而获得5个奖项，昨晚于洛杉矶加州大学雷根医院去世 。”
报道虽然是假的，但是也差不多了 。她真的濒临死亡 。三个月后，她才能够再次走路说话 。她的丈夫要求她振作，但是每天都很艰难，她说她讨厌活着 。“我想自杀，”她说，“但是我不知道怎么自杀 。”中风六个月后，她生了一个健康的女婴，取名露丝 。她认为中风让她无望成为大牌明星 。“我会获奥斯卡奖，名声大噪 。我会拥有世界最神圣的部分 。奥斯卡奖接踵而来 。”你已经39岁了，但是职业生涯才刚开始 。”“然后就结束了 。”
但是1968年，她又回归电影 。中风对她的脑部造成严重影响，记台词变得非常困难，但是她非常努力 。电影《昔日玫瑰》让她获得奥斯卡提名 。在电影中，她扮演一名狂怒的母亲，她将儿子当成是对抗丈夫的武器 。1978年，她致力田纳西州诺克斯维尔的帕德里夏·妮尔康复中心 。该中心帮助中风病人 。帕德里夏·妮尔为那些脑损伤患者筹钱 。她向人们展示了脑损伤并不是生命或快乐的终结 。她说：“我的一只眼睛失明，瘫痪，我摔倒造成臀骨骨折 。倔强让你熬过艰难的时期，不要屈服 。”
1983年，帕德里夏·妮尔又遭遇了另一个个人悲剧 。她发现自己的丈夫一直和她最好的朋友保持着长期关系 。结婚30年后，她终止了他们的婚姻并搬回美国 。2010年，84岁帕德里夏·妮尔死于肺癌 。她一生拍摄了近40部电影 。包括《地球停转之日》和《蒂凡尼的早餐》 。她和那个时代最好的演员合作 。她还出演了很多电视节目 。她的职业生涯非常多产，但是却和她所想的不同 。她希望成为一名好的演员 。一位朋友认为她是那个时代最杰出的女性之一 。“她的勇气和贡献一直激烈着每个人 。不论是在舞台上、电影中还是生活中，她都保持着自己独特的美丽和个性 。”詹妮·莫罗筹钱支持帕德里夏·妮尔康复中心 。她说帕德里夏·妮尔用自己的风格和优雅面对这些严重的问题 。“她鼓舞着这些病人，她不去听病人的故事而是拉起病人的手并为他们的成功喝彩 。她知道喝彩的价值 。”帕德里夏·妮尔在遭遇多种个人和职业困境后，重返多产人生 。她帮助中风恢复期的病人，但是一名作家在她死后说道：“她不希望自己因那些八卦或她的私人生活被人记住，而是因她在舞台和银幕上的演出而为人铭记 。”2005年，帕德里夏·妮尔说道：“我是一名演员，只要我能站起来，我就要做出做好的表演 。当我再也站不起来的时候也要躺着做最好的表演 。”有一本关于她的书叫做《帕德里夏·妮尔：不平静的一生》 。这似乎是描述她一生的好方法 。“我喜欢在这里...”