日期:2018-05-12 12:47





I'm Steve Ember. And I'm Barbara Klein with People in America in VOA Special English. Today we tell about Katharine Hepburn, one of America's great film and stage actresses. Hepburn's career lasted almost seventy years. During that time she made more than fifty films. She became known all over the world for her independence, sharp intelligence, and acting ability.
Katharine Hepburn holds the record for the most Academy Awards for Best Actress. She won the honor four times. This star holds a special place in American film and popular culture.
Katharine Houghton Hepburn was born in Hartford, Connecticut in nineteen oh seven. She came from a wealthy and highly educated family. Her father, Thomas Hepburn, was a successful doctor. Her mother, Katharine Martha Houghton, was a great supporter of women's rights issues including the right to birth control. The Hepburns made sure to educate their children about important political and social subjects. The family members were not afraid to express their liberal opinions.


Doctor Hepburn also believed in the importance of intense exercise. For most of her life Kate was an excellent athlete. She rode horses, swam and played golf and tennis. Here is a recording of Katharine Hepburn from a film about her life.
She is talking about the values her family taught her. She says she is not strange, but is fearless.
"I don't think I'm an eccentric, no! I'm just something from New England that was very American and brought up by two extremely intelligent people...who gave us a kind of, I think the greatest gift that man can give anyone, and that is...sort of freedom from fear."


Katharine graduated from Bryn Mawr college in Pennsylvania in nineteen twenty-eight. She soon started appearing in small roles in plays on Broadway in New York City. That year she also married a businessman named Ludlow Ogden Smith. Their marriage lasted only a few years. But Katherine later said Ludlow's support was very important to her during the early part of her career.


Katharine Hepburn was not the usual kind of actress during this period. She had a thin and athletic body. She spoke with a clear East Coast accent. And she was very independent in her thoughts and actions.


For example, she wore men's pants as clothing at a time when women wore only skirts or dresses. Sometimes her independence and liberal opinions got her in trouble. After a few successful plays in New York, Hollywood filmmakers became interested in her. She later signed with the film production company called RKO pictures. Her first movie came out in nineteen thirty-two.


The next year she made the film "Morning Glory." In her role as Eva Lovelace, Hepburn plays a stage actress fighting for a successful career. Few directors are interested in her. But by the end of the movie, she has a chance to let her acting skills shine and she becomes a star. This movie earned Hepburn her first Academy Award for Best Actress. Here is a recording from the movie. Hepburn's character, Eva, tells about how she has changed her name in preparation for becoming a great actress. She talks very quickly, but you can sense the energy behind her performance.
"I hope you're going to tell me your name. I want you for my first friend in New York. Mine's Eva Lovelace. It's partly made up and partly real. It was Eva Love. Love's my family name. I added the Lace. Do you like it or would you prefer something shorter? A shorter name would be more convenient on a sign.
Still, Eva Lovelace in "Camille" for instance, or Eva Lovelace in "Romeo and Juliet," sounds very distinguished, doesn't it?
I don't want to use my family name because I shall probably have several scandals while I live and I don't want to cause them any trouble until I am famous, when nobody will mind.
That's why I must decide on something at once while there is still time, before I am famous."




During the nineteen thirties, critics either loved or hated Katharine Hepburn. Some thought she was a fresh and exciting addition to the Hollywood industry. Others decided she was too bold and self-important. They thought her way of speaking sounded false. But Hepburn wanted to face the movie industry her own way. She liked to play the roles of strong women.


She did not want to be like other actresses. She did not wear make up on her face. She would not let photographers take sexy pictures of her. And she did not like talking to her fans or the media.


Katharine Hepburn continued to work very hard making movies. Yet by the late nineteen thirties she had became unpopular with the public. So movie producers stopped wanting her in their films.


But Hepburn was not raised to quit easily. She decided to return to the stage on Broadway in New York City. She starred in a play called "The Philadelphia Story." Hepburn's friend Philip Barry wrote the play especially for her. It is about a wealthy and intelligent woman named Tracy Lord. She is about to marry a man she does not love. In the movie she learns to be more honest with herself and others. She decides to marry a man from her past whom she has always loved.


The play was a great success. Hepburn immediately bought the legal rights to the play. She knew "The Philadelphia Story" would be made into a movie. And she wanted to make sure she was the star of the film version.


In nineteen forty, "The Philadelphia Story" became a great movie success. Hepburn received another Academy Award nomination for Best Actress. She had taken control of her career once again. And she would stay in control of it from now on.
Here is a recording from "The Philadelphia Story." Katharine Hepburn's character, Tracy Lord, is talking with her new friend, Macaulay Connor, a writer. She has just read his book and discovered something surprising about him.
These stories are beautiful! Why Connor, they're almost poetry!
Well, don't kid yourself, they are.
I can't make you out at all now.
Really? I thought I was easy.
So did I. But you're not. You talk so big and tough, and then you write like this. Which is which?
Both, I guess.
No. No, I believe you put the toughness on to save your skin.
Oh, you think so.
I know a little about that.


In nineteen forty-two, Katherine Hepburn starred in "Woman of the Year." This was the first of nine movies she starred in with actor Spencer Tracy. They would soon become a famous couple both on and off the movie screen. Usually their movies dealt with finding a balance of power between their two strong characters. Hepburn and Tracy had a magical energy when they acted together. But in real life they kept their love hidden from the public.


Spencer Tracy was married to another woman. For religious reasons, he would not end his marriage and divorce his wife. So Hepburn and Tracy led a secret love affair for more than twenty years. Katharine Hepburn had had other love interests. She once had a relationship with the famous American millionaire Howard Hughes. But Spencer Tracy remained the love of her life.


One of Katharine Hepburn's most famous roles was in the movie "The African Queen." She made this movie in nineteen fifty-one with the famous actor Humphrey Bogart. In the film, their two very different characters fall in love on a riverboat in the middle of Africa.


As Katharine Hepburn became older, she played more and more wise and complex characters. In nineteen sixty-seven she starred in her last movie with Spencer Tracy. He died a few weeks after filming ended. For this movie, "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner," she won her second Academy Award. She won her third Academy Award the next year for "A Lion in Winter." And, in her mid-seventies she won her last Academy Award for "On Golden Pond."


Even into her eighties, Katharine Hepburn kept working. She had roles in several movies and television programs. She also wrote several books, including one about her life. In two thousand three, Katharine Hepburn died. She was ninety-six years old.


As part of her last wishes, she helped create the Katharine Houghton Hepburn Center at Bryn Mawr College. This program helps support the things that were important to her: film and theater, women's rights, and civic responsibility.


An actor who worked with Katharine Hepburn once said that she brought with her an extra level of reality. He said that when she was near, everything became more interesting, intense and bright. This intensity and intelligence shine in the films that Katharine Hepburn made over her lifetime. People still enjoy her films today. Katharine Hepburn's work and personality have had a great influence on American film and culture.




1.highly educated 高学历的


He's not very highly educated, but he's got a lot of horse sense.
他虽然没有受过很高的教育, 但他的实际知识是丰富的,V^9o,s2i*0XLU&4W


2.intense exercise 高强度运动


This is true for hard or intense exercise that lasts for 60 minutes or longer.


3.eccentric 古怪的人


I suppose he's eccentric.


4.Katharine graduated from Bryn Mawr college in Pennsylvania in nineteen twenty-eight.


graduate from 从...毕业


What school did you graduate from?


5.But Hepburn was not raised to quit easily.




He has quit smoking.


6.She is about to marry a man she does not love.

be about to 将要


He looked as if he was about to burst into tears.





有时她独立自由的观点也让她陷入麻烦+t)*][]kRG。在纽约出演了几部成功的戏剧后,好莱坞电影制片人对她很兴趣7sq6qnhtD_wYxE72)。之后,她签了一家叫做RKO影业的公司.fYm%t*w,wP7+oG。她的第一部电影1932年上映n@610~|sLl)cmZgrKaR.。第二年,她拍了电影《清晨的荣誉》x+D|ve7wpXc。在电影中,她饰演Eva Lovelace,一名为了成功事业而斗争的舞台女演员+IQ]Z5)~4*。几位导演对她很感兴趣@qVS#-K;*B1MWwI。但是到电影最后,她才得到展示自己演技的机会,而且她成为了明星hfNxfPFgX3[qSaxG|=,)。这部电影为赫本赢得了她的第一座奥斯卡最佳女演员奖@fu#By;%2ku#+D5d9。以下来自电影录音片段.|^2pVNKBns5b-[9。赫本的角色Eva讲述自己为了准备成为一名伟大的女演员而改了自己的名字)--OB^!dY16c=MwN8。她的语速很快,但是你能感觉到她演技背后的力量vk[Mj*z^uC(F%Fc]UrIB
“我希望知道您的名字GZFEKgsr]ZMsq-i。我想您成为我在纽约的第一个朋友DheYLC_Z|*-j。我的名字是Eva LovelaceMLL_Y,o|kS#3~USDh。它的一部分是真名hDOXx3vwjos0J3@)p。我的真名叫Eva LoveZGzY6(4y8K。Love是我家族的姓氏DXf)fYt2a-rD9h8。我自己加上了LaceF;7X=.!i9m。你喜欢这个还是短点的那个名字?短小的名字从记忆的角度来说更为方便l!*0B(b;Xn)CP。比如,《卡蜜儿》里的Eva Lovelace,或者是《罗密欧与朱丽叶》里的Eva Lovelace,听起来很特别不是么?我不想用自己的姓氏,因为我可能会经历一些让人难堪的事,但是我不想让家人陷入难堪,当然成名后就没有人会在意了67Ph01v3Q-%_^_A6dwI9。所以我必须毫不犹豫,我离成名还有好远的路呢ZE]@ogVC,Uzv4。”


但是赫本并没有轻易放弃PUn-Q=6fekdZD-Wen4。她决定重返纽约百老汇的舞台tR~]x%mZN,d_Th。她出演了戏剧《费城故事》7oug7veT,!u。赫本的朋友菲利普·巴里特地为她写了这个剧本Ha5N-Dn[Rq~J;W;Yd6。是关于一个富有又聪明的女人—特雷西·劳尔兹的故事d7Do6@;HFkF0iO。她将要和一个自己并不爱的人结婚_B7r=g;d6p,Jm。电影中,她学着对自己和他人更加诚实5TuHbgAQ8HXE;dh7bD。她决定和她一直深爱的人结婚Hk+[hL4U;)d9~0lcqkXn。这部剧取得了巨大的成功HTeSnIO@|tc63!~h&6D。赫本立即买下了这部戏剧的版权[68dEKW_K(R。她知道《费城故事》将会被拍成电影o6frH-QMHXBKb。并且她希望确保自己是电影版的主演Pm!xh[xrm61w+=v-^Pls。1940年,《费城故事》成为一部非常成功的电影8dd4G3xU%C7|l7lJr.L9。赫本因此获得了她的另一奥斯卡最佳女主奖aKItf%B+=lV%%P。她再一次掌控自己的事业并且至此将一直手握掌控权xkiK)6kN#9(85s+x+.-m。以下是电影《费城故事》原声片段K)PkEHtQlh_&R。赫本所饰演的角色正在和自己的朋友,作家Macaulay Connor谈话X9a0(p&zo%。她刚读了他写的书并发现了一些关于他的事4B5vwUyq4&z~-
我也是如此认为,但你不是,你说话夸大而且难缠 然而 你写的的确像这样 到底哪个是哪个嘛?