VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国正式退出伊朗核协议
日期:2018-05-09 11:45

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Trump Withdraws US from Iran Nuclear Deal

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President Donald Trump has withdrawn the United States from an international agreement aimed at controlling Iran's nuclear program.

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The Iranian government agreed to the deal with the U.S., Britain, China, France, Russia and Germany in 2015.

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Since then, Trump has criticized the deal, calling it "very badly negotiated."

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Speaking in the White House on Tuesday, the president said that Iran was responsible for unrest throughout the Middle East.

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Trump accused Iran of being "the leading state sponsor of terror," saying it supported groups such as Hezbollah, Hamas, and the Taliban. But he added that, "No action taken by the regime has been more dangerous than the pursuit of nuclear weapons."

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Trump said that Iran's leaders had refused to renegotiate the nuclear deal. Yet the U.S. leader suggested that he is "willing, ready and able" to negotiate a new deal.

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The president said he is re-establishing the "highest levels of economic sanctions" on Iran.

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For years, the U.S. government used sanctions targeted at Iran's oil industry and central bank. The sanctions were no longer enforced after the nuclear deal took effect. Those measures, including others by the European Union, were meant to pressure Iran to limit its nuclear activities.

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The re-establishment of U.S. sanctions on Iran comes when world oil prices are at their highest levels in three years. The nuclear deal had permitted Iran to sell oil to the Western countries.

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At the same time, Iran continues to experience economic problems. Unemployment and inflation remain high, while the value of Iranian money has fallen.

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A disputed deal on nuclear development

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Iran's government has said that its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes. The International Atomic Energy Agency has confirmed that Iran is meeting the terms of the deal 10 times.

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The European Commission said Tuesday that "the agreement is working and our commitment to continue with implementation remains."

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As recently as last week, Iran threatened the United States if it withdrew from the agreement. However, on Tuesday, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani eased comments. He said his country would continue its "engagement with the world."

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Rouhani also said that if the U.S. does not waive restrictions, "It is possible that we will face some problems for two or three months, but we will pass through this."

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The 2015 agreement is known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. It states that Iran would consider restarting sanctions as "grounds to cease performing its commitments" to limit its nuclear development program partly or completely.

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In recent weeks, U.S. allies in Europe have urged Trump to keep the existing deal. They have also shown a willingness to talk about Iran's long distance missile program and activities in the Middle East.

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Objections to the deal

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Trump has objected to the 2015 agreement for several reasons. He said it does not limit Iran's development of long distance missiles in any way. The deal ends restrictions on Iran's nuclear enrichment program after 2025. And it does not deal with Iran's military activities in Syria, Yemen and other places.

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Critics say the deal does not stop Iran from developing a nuclear weapon and that the country continues to carry out development.

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Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has been a sharp critic of the deal since it was first announced three years ago. Last week, Netanyahu presented documents, images and other information meant to prove that Iran is still trying to build nuclear weapons.

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Withdrawing from the deal could hurt some U.S. companies seeking to do business in Iran. Last year, aircraft maker Boeing delayed plans to supply Iran with more than $16 billion in passenger airplanes.

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I'm Mario Ritter.

重点解析

1.deal with 谈论;提到

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He's a hard man to deal with.

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要跟他这个人做生意很难L_9J.d1kxin2ug!ojx_

2.carry out 实施

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I myself will firmly carry out this plan.

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我本人将坚决执行这个计划n8b0*jgGRKQ

3.in any way 无论如何;以任何方式

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There is absolutely no reason for consumers to be panicking in any way, shape or form.

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顾客们绝对没有理由产生任何形式的恐慌kz^(~~VuUQ

4.no longer 不再

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She no longer feared that they should misunderstand her.

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她不再害怕他们会误解她了-b&TkiUds[%Oz|-BH

5.The sanctions were no longer enforced after the nuclear deal took effect.

took effect 生效;起作用

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The aspirins which the patient had taken soon took effect.

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病人服用的阿司匹林药片很快就见效了yDB*U^*Vad@k#5(yp1

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It was nearly an hour before the sleeping pill took effect.

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将近一个小时,安眠药才起作用|wnR,C2W|SI

6.At the same time, Iran continues to experience economic problems.

At the same time 同时

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I was afraid of her, but at the same time I really liked her.

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我害怕她,但同时也确实喜欢她FSTcX(%@p4v&ns

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Are these people using gear and amphetamines at the same time?

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这些人同时服用海洛因和安非他明吗?

参考译文

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特朗普宣布美国退出伊朗核协议

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美国总统唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)宣布美国退出旨在控制伊朗核项目的国际协议5TAG^Y&GNlhb%EV*6b4

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2015年,伊朗政府同意与美国、英国、中国、法国、俄罗斯和德国达成该协议0byLAD4;]_gEq

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此后,特朗普批评了这项协议,称其“谈判非常糟糕”)PB!Qkj&,APbN-dj58

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周二,总统特朗普在白宫发表讲话时表示,伊朗应对整个中东地区的动荡局面负责任lb9bHBfwbKQ;3;

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特朗普指责伊朗是“支持恐怖主义的主要国家”,并指出其支持黎巴嫩组织真主党、巴勒斯坦哈马斯组织和塔利班等恐怖组织3eW5biE29ujH~~。但他补充说,“伊朗政府采取的行动中,没有什么比追求核武器更危险的了A;c4IWdv1~]+9(a+IP,i

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特朗普表示,伊朗领导人拒绝就核协议进行新一轮谈判yrkReIVGC0)z2#BeI。然而,特朗普表示,我“愿意、准备并且有能力”就一项新协议进行谈判W.D13%tbTCsaP(X

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总统说,他正在重新制定针对伊朗的“最高水平的经济制裁”FY*|x-A0OYQ6,AI

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特朗普宣布美国退出伊朗核协议.jpg

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多年来,美国政府一直对伊朗的石油工业和中央银行实施制裁9w4h=]xM,gr。自核协议生效后,制裁不再执行T~hArua#5=t=#Z。这些制裁措施,包括欧盟的其他措施旨在向伊朗施压,限制其核活动!E|b[2a.b1PAwsyZPvGN

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美国对伊朗重新制裁之时正值世界石油价格达到三年来的最高水平Ln7bM+Aj*CgMd。核协议允许伊朗向西方国家出售石油qeT~_s@yz(7F#w6

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同时,伊朗仍然面临着经济问题aQ*(!1ntx.;MKaz。失业率和通货膨胀率居高不下,而伊朗的货币却一直在贬值LX8Dunh*]WkzWlo9JvIc

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有争议的核发展协议

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伊朗政府表示,该国的核项目是为了和平目的oS_KR9An[3s-T。国际原子能机构确认,伊朗已经连续10次履行了该协议义务f2pzR)7Y[Z

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周二,欧盟委员会表示,“核协议正在发挥作用,我们将继续实施该协议=7e[(*+^HwU522Ro|。”

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上周,伊朗对美国退出该协议的可能性予以警告|OcxFV_Y-F。然而,周二,伊朗总统哈桑·鲁哈尼(Hassan Rouhani)发表了讲话ei9dg^+ZpUo。他说,伊朗将继续寻求“与世界接触”!byl|,SFm~DWpHNtce_;

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鲁哈尼还表示,如果美国不放弃制裁,“伊朗可能会在两三个月内面临一些问题,但我们会度过难关zVvz(S;K*twf!。”

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2015年的协议也被称为“联合全面行动计划”aKNikT=S]~^a^7。声明中指出,伊朗将考虑把“重启制裁”作为理由来“停止履行核协议承诺”——即部分或完全限制核发展项目St^ZUo[eS3lR

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最近几周,美国的欧洲盟友敦促特朗普保留现有协议y+.4X#]93-U-Nja。他们还表示,愿意探讨伊朗在中东地区的远程导弹计划和活动M]mFq8Jc+*g+

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反对伊朗核协议

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特朗普反对2015年的伊朗核协议有几方面原因Zsj1wX%+mls.。他说,这并不能限制伊朗以任何方式发展远程导弹项目SCI_k&ia1OO4m9FY)^W。该协议解除了对伊朗在2025年后进行核浓缩计划的限制l*sjALwmb]HK8(gK,VNz。而且协议也没有涉及到伊朗在叙利亚、也门和其他地域的军事活动H%lsxOdUcoPWM;daM

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批评人士表示,这项协议并不能阻止伊朗发展核武器,而且伊朗仍在发展核武器X,Ot9Y0^VeJ*R=kh

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三年前该协议宣布后,以色列总理本雅明·内塔尼亚胡(Benjamin Netanyahu)一直尖锐地批评该协议m]7*T0R;7Q。上周,内塔尼亚胡提交了文件、照片和其他信息,证明伊朗仍在努力建造核设施9pITfojz*[PAyY1v

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退出伊朗核协议可能会损害一些寻求在伊朗开展业务的美国公司的利益hb|gJm3Vtqh|Y5x05F。去年,飞机制造商波音公司推迟了向伊朗提供160多亿美元客机的计划-OA3lqh+GIK+-l.+w

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马里奥·里特为您播报c*@&!ega#Qz+;B&E%U

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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