Hawaii Passes Bill to Ban Sun Care Products That Harm Coral
This is What's Trending Today...
Lawmakers in the American state of Hawaii have passed a bill banning sunscreens that can harm coral reefs.
If the state's governor signs the bill, Hawaii would become the first state in the country to pass such a law.
The bill would ban the sale of sun care products that contain the chemicals oxybenzone and octinoxate. Scientists say the two substances can harm coral, an important part of the ocean ecosystem and popular with tourists.
The chemicals are found in more than 3,500 sunscreens worldwide, including Coppertone and Banana Boat products.
Senator Mike Gabbard introduced the bill. He told the Honolulu Star-Advertiser newspaper, "Amazingly, this is a first-in-the-world law."
He added, "Our island paradise, surrounded by coral reefs, is the perfect place to set the gold standard for the world to follow."
Craig Downs is a scientist. His 2015 peer-examined study found that oxybenzone threatened coral reefs. He found that as much as 14,000 tons of sunscreen ends up in coral reefs each year.
He said the Hawaii bill is "the first real chance that local reefs have to recover."
Opponents of the bill question the science.
Tina Yamaki is the president of the Retail Merchants of Hawaii. She said there are still not enough independent studies on the issue to know whether the chemicals cause harm to coral. And, she said, the ban might keep people from buying sunscreen products from local stores.
The American Chemistry Council also opposed the bill, noting concerns over the risks of sun damage to skin.
Sharon Har was one of four Hawaiian lawmakers who voted against the bill.
She said, "Yes, we must protect the environment -- it is our number one resource -- but at the end of the day, studies have pointed to global warming, human contact, coastal development" as other major threats to coral.
Many sunscreen manufacturers already sell "reef-friendly" products. And companies still have some time to sell products that contain the two chemicals; the ban would not take effect until January 2021.
And that's What's Trending Today.
I'm Caty Weaver.
1.coral reefs 珊瑚礁
The Xisha Islands are formed of coral reefs.
2.sunscreen products 防晒产品
The formulation of sunscreen products becomes more and more sophisticated by the addition of classical skin care benefits.
3.global warming 全球变暖
The threat of global warming will eventually force the US to slow down its energy consumption.
4.at the end of the day 归根结底；到头来
At the end of the day, the board's not going to be too concerned with three or four more dollars.
5.He found that as much as 14,000 tons of sunscreen ends up in coral reefs each year.
ends up 最后；结果
Ina is a bad girl so, natch, ends up in prison.
The nuts are pressed for their vegetable oil, which ends up as margarine.
6.And companies still have some time to sell products that contain the two chemicals; the ban would not take effect until January 2021.
take effect 生效
The prescribed medicine failed to take effect.
Measures to reduce costs are beginning to take effect.
参议员迈克·加巴德（Mike Gabbard）提出了这一法案。他对《檀香山星广报》表示：“令人惊讶的是，这是一项世界首创法律 。”
克雷格·唐斯（Craig Downs）是一位科学家。其2015年的一份同行调查研究发现，氧苯酮会对珊瑚礁造成威胁 。他发现，每年多达14000吨的防晒霜附着在珊瑚礁上 。
蒂娜（Tina Yamaki）是夏威夷零售商总裁。她说，目前没有足够的独立研究证实这些化学品是否会对珊瑚造成危害 。她说，这项禁令可能会促使人们不购买当地商店的防晒产品 。