VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):招兵难!美国陆军下调征兵指标
日期:2018-04-26 11:23

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US Army Lowers Target for New Soldiers

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The United States Army will not meet its target of adding 80,000 active duty soldiers this year and has officially lowered that goal. But Army leaders say they have been able to persuade many experienced soldiers to stay in the military to satisfy a growing need for troops.

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Army Sergeant Major Daniel Dailey announced this month that the new goal will be 76,500. Over the past six months, the armed forces has recruited just 28,000 new soldiers.

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Dailey said the goal is to grow the Army to 483,500, as approved by Congress. It is the Army's decision whether to add more recruits or extend the military service of current soldiers.

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Daily noted that keeping current soldiers has been more successful this year than in the past. About 86 percent of current soldiers are staying on, compared with 81 percent in recent years.

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Army Secretary Mark Esper said there is a difference between the number of soldiers in the Army and the demand for more troops. He noted that the "strong economy does make it challenging." He said, however, that the Army will not sacrifice quality and its standards will not be lowered to meet recruitment goals.

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The struggle to meet recruiting numbers — an increase over the goal of 69,000 last year — was expected. One reason is the strong American economy. Another is competition from business employers. They are able to pay high school and college graduates more money because of the economic growth.

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FILE - A group of Army recruiters stand at attention and salute during the playing of the national anthem at the change of command ceremony for the Jackson, Miss.,

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FILE - A group of Army recruiters stand at attention and salute during the playing of the national anthem at the change of command ceremony for the Jackson, Miss.,

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Major General Jeff Snow is head of the Army's recruiting command. He had said last year that the higher goal would be difficult to meet, considering economic conditions. He also noted the military's need for recruits to pass physical tests that many young people are unable to complete.

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It will be a "significant challenge for the command," Snow told The Associated Press in December. Meeting the goal, he said, could force the Army to take in more recruits who would require special waivers for drug use, low test results or other health issues.

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"The numbers don't tell the whole story," noted Dailey. He said that waivers require the Army to take a closer look at a recruit who may have had a legal problem when they were younger or has had some kind of health problem. The issue could be simple colorblindness or an arrest.

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But in December, Snow said his goal for 2017 was to have fewer than 2 percent of the new recruits with low test results. Esper said that he had told the Army not to go past the 2 percent limit; currently, the Defense Department accepts up to 4 percent.

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Military leaders have increasingly warned of recruiting difficulties. They say that lower unemployment rates, a strong economy, and the lowering physical abilities of young Americans have shrunk the number of people who can become recruits.

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Defense officials have said that after 16 years of war in Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria, the American public is increasingly disconnected from the military. Officials say many people have misunderstandings about military service and often do not personally know any service members.

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This time of year is usually the hardest for military recruiters. It is the time when high school seniors start learning if they have been admitted to colleges or universities.

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I'm Susan Shand.

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重点解析

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1.active duty 现役

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I served two more years on active duty, with one year overseas.

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我服务了两年多的现役,其中一年在海外#3BlYXZKypPo

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2.military service 兵役

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Many conscripts resent having to do their military service.

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许多应征入伍者对被迫服兵役愤愤不平_*B%r9+5DLas

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3.health issues 健康问题

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From avian influenza to humanitarian crises, health issues were in the news throughout 2006.

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从禽流感到人道主义危机,健康问题是贯穿2006年的新闻5WpqWiu.hdo1=e2

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4.compared with 与...比较

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He's a pygmy when compared with great musicians.

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他和伟大的音乐家相比就成了侏儒7cpUAR^.VD64

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5.Army Secretary Mark Esper said there is a difference between the number of soldiers in the Army and the demand for more troops.

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there is a difference between ...之间存有差异

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However, there is a difference between debugging and runtime analysis.

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然而,在调试和运行时分析之间仍然是有差异的d^mdIMqL*xQM0[L0pRa+

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There is a difference between voice and writing even though they have so much in common.

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尽管有很多相似之处,声音和文字仍有差别710PxbbLqwBw=

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6.He said that waivers require the Army to take a closer look at a recruit who may have had a legal problem when they were younger or has had some kind of health problem.

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take a closer look 仔细观察

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First of all, we need to take a closer look at the relationship between people when one is helping the other.

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首先,我们需要仔细审阅当一个人在帮助另一个人时,他们两人之间的关系n|mUP5jm|rcYOh

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However, once we take a closer look the dots “magically” disappear.

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然而,一旦我们仔细点儿看,这些圆点“魔术”般地消失了WK^D8u0N;9xz|1qA,PJ

参考译文

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招兵难!美国陆军下调征兵指标

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美国陆军今年恐无法实现新征8万名现役士兵的目标,并且正式下调了征兵指标pAsL,n3R7+PQs3&yD)。但是陆军领导人表示,他们已经说服经验丰富的老兵继续服役,以满足对士兵日益增长的需求%B+j[DS,EU8|Kt

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本月,陆军总军士长丹尼尔·戴利(Major Daniel)宣布,新的征兵目标为76500人@KOmE(CU)ni4DY.zq[。在过去6个月里,陆军只招募到2.8万名新兵Lr9|T=Qce&#nE

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戴利表示,他们的目标是将陆军士兵扩充至国会批准的48.35万X&h.04X~Np==0W2e5eY2。招募更多新兵还是延长现役士兵的服役时间由陆军决定Tyo&X7)U&S[.48

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戴利指出,今年留任现役士兵比往年顺利很多Xk1SXrZzh2~&|lUO4hA。约86%的现役士兵决定继续服役,而往年的这一比例为81%CHQ#o.DnYCID*!PCk

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招兵难!美国陆军下调征兵指标.jpg

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陆军部长马克·埃斯帕(Mark Esper)称,陆军实际人数与征兵需求之间存在差距beIJ-VRVvFayzhqEuuQ。他指出,“强劲的经济确实使其更具挑战性poU7&gKP[O。”然而,陆军不会罔顾质量,也不会降低标准来达到征兵目标0yAIm.WNvB9

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今年的征兵人数相较于去年6.9万的目标有所增长,征兵难其实在意料之中ykOKpxtLTTN3S-B]6。原因之一是美国的经济强劲,另一个原因是企业雇主的竞争3^mNJKwHqS=e。由于经济增长,他们能够为高中和大学毕业生提供更为丰富的薪资TQ]0#BLN+PkBq~zVWSc

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陆军少将杰夫·斯诺(Jeff Snow)是陆军征兵指挥部的负责人5ep&*wnH9&Bc。他去年表示,考虑到经济形势,较高的征兵目标可能难以实现~Iz1gq=v7(NHVMy^kFf4。他还指出,军方要求新兵通过很多年轻人无法完成的体能测试&QJ7e)Nn]Km!G[N

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去年12月,斯诺对美联社记者表示,“这对征兵指挥部来说是一项重大挑战#kJBDq3Mp0|-dEvL。”他说,为了满足这一目标,陆军可能要破格招收更多有吸毒史、测试结果偏低或存在其它健康问题的新兵u~FluknXOo+

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戴利指出,“数据无法说明全部问题kwz~B|AnBOsdr。”他说,这种破格招收要求军方进一步审查年轻时可能犯罪或存在某些健康问题的新兵0dh0Y#Bx1!RGQ*&NY。其中包括色盲或有过被逮捕记录_MsRD24IsDOuROC

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斯诺去年12月表示,2017年的目标是测试成绩偏低的新兵比例要低于2%|P-atwg7%p]%*S5=V。而埃斯帕表示,他曾告知陆军不要超出2%VKp5GW)i)&T0|h(~=1J。目前,国防部的要求是不超过4%2WF-w&k(;K60Ul=

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军方高层不断警告征兵的难度wyB&s65G&dNZq。他们表示,低失业率、强劲的经济以及美国年轻人身体素质下降导致符合征兵条件的人数减少LwPu_8n~VD

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国防部官员还表示,经过与阿富汗、伊拉克和叙利亚长达16年的战争后,美国民众与军队越来越疏远B-[j0z=Hz5Y6mA8Olvh。官员表示,许多民众对服役产生误解,而且私下不认识任何军人z,UE]Y[Cb[Xx]~

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对征兵人员来说,每年的这个时候通常是最艰难的7h^;2SaZ^oI;8r=hq8r)。因为此时如果高中生被大学院校录取,他们要开始上学了oj*PbHVIoJUYli

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苏珊·尚德为您播报kgU8gR9iuvJf,

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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