VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):印度紧急叫停假新闻"惩罚令"
日期:2018-04-17 16:00

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Indian Government Forced to Drop Move Against Fake News

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Media supporters reacted very strongly last week to an order by India's Information and Broadcasting Ministry.

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The government threatened to suspend the work documents of any reporter accused of spreading, what it called, "fake news."

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The new rule caused such an outcry against the government that Prime Minister Narendra Modi withdrew it in less than 24 hours.

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Opponents of the order said the government was trying to control the media as the country prepares for general elections in 2019.

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The government's effort to stop what it considers fake news brought attention to a growing problem in the world's largest democracy.

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The Information and Broadcasting Ministry said fake news in different mediums, including newspapers and the internet, made the order necessary. The ministry said it would punish journalists accused of creating fake news by not permitting them to go to government offices or press events.

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The Editors Guild of India protested the order. The trade group said it would lead to political pressure on journalists.

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Media experts pointed out that the government order did not define what fake news was. It also did not target non-traditional media online that have grown in number.

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Experts questioned the government's ability to solve the problem.

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Jency Jacob is the managing editor for boomlive.in, a fact-checking website that seeks to disprove fake stories. Jency said political parties often create fake news, not the media. Jency added that the order was an attempt by the government to confuse people about the origins of fake news.

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How fake news spreads

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Many senior journalists questioned the timing of the effort to stop fake news. There will be important state elections before the general elections in 2019. And some observers say Prime Minister Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party has lost some support.

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"The reversal has started. Somewhat bad press is coming up. This is overreaction to that," said N. Bhaskars Rao, head of the Center of Media Studies in New Delhi.

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The BJP has ignored the criticism. The party said the order was removed quickly because Modi wanted to reinforce his belief in press freedom.

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Most fake news in India spreads through the social media platform WhatsApp. Its influence has grown as the spread of mobile phones increases internet availability around the country.

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A few people have started fact-checking websites to stop the spread of fake news. They say many people, especially in the countryside, do not ask where information comes from on social networks.

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They have also found that untrue information includes everything from false weather reports to bad health information.

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Fact checkers can't keep up

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Pratik Sinha started the website Altnews. He said the number of fake stories with political messages on social media often grows at election time.

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He said December elections in Modi's home state showed that both the ruling and opposition parties have used fake news as a campaign tool.

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The biggest problem, Sinha said, is that fake news has the ability to increase religious tension and cause violence. His website has found fake news from many people who are ideologically active.

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Last month, the editor of the website Postcard News was arrested for writing an untrue story about Muslims attacking a Jain monk, a religious worker who had been hurt in an accident. A year ago, untrue stories in a village about child kidnappers led to the death of seven people.

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Mainstream media not immune

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Jacob of boomlive.in said traditional media also is to blame sometimes because they do not check their facts as they hurry to release a story.

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Jacob added that a lot of television stations and newspapers are using fake news and then saying ‘it is not my problem.'

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However, many people agree that a government order is not the way to solve the problem.

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I'm Susan Shand.

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重点解析

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1.fake news 虚假新闻

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The site teases the fake news that it will shut down at midnight.

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该网站发布了一条假消息,宣布将在凌晨关闭网站r7OQin|9BVsY;LPYBy^8

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2.traditional media 传统媒体

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News media development in the new media age challenged the survival of traditional media.

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新传媒时代的新媒体发展,对传统媒体的生存提出了更加严峻的考验PiZ,0^d4qk=U%m6

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3.social media 社交媒体

We have all witnessed the power of social media.

我们见证了社交媒体的实力!jfJWlN-O!qp%8-^=

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4.general elections 大选

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With a peace agreement signed, general elections are expected to take place in2009.

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随着和平协议的签署,预期将于2009年举行大选O8aN[b(l%6OB%NY[|

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5.The government's effort to stop what it considers fake news brought attention to a growing problem in the world's largest democracy.

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brought attention to 吸引人们的注意

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The incident brought attention to a real and growing threat to air safety.

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这个事件让人们关注到了,日益增长而又真实存在的航空安全威胁RTcr=tRZflNnr

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The crisis brought new attention to the billion-dollar market for travel insurance.

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这场危机重新引起人们对旅行保险数十亿的市场的关注5mA[],r_E_t!hiL[U

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6.Opponents of the order said the government was trying to control the media as the country prepares for general elections in 2019.

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prepares for 准备...

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He always prepares for tests at the last minute.

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他总是到最后一刻才为了考试而准备JZe1kHLu,iN

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We countdown as the world prepares for the World Expo held in Shanghai, China next year.

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我很期待明年的世博会,因为我认为它将会是一个科技发展的新指标6*%MdMVq!q%|5z.

参考译文

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印度紧急叫停假新闻“惩罚令”

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上周,媒体支持者对印度信息和广播部的一项命令做出了强烈反应ulKVNb_K-y_5^z]|

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政府威胁要暂停任何被指控传播所谓“假新闻”记者的工作文件RGsKcfS)TG

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新规定引起了外界对政府的强烈抗议,印度总理纳伦德拉·莫迪在不到24小时内就收回了该规定_0oM*5U.c6=B

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反对该命令的人士表示,政府试图控制媒体,因为印度在为2019年的大选做准备ir|A&@&^RYe6KVq.dk6j

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政府试图阻止其所认为的假新闻,此举引起人们对这个世界上最大的民主国家日益严重的问题的关注S%yt5kUmo&

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印度信息广播部称,报纸和网络等不同媒介中存在的假新闻使这项命令成为必然dBH@|5dOD_=。信息广播部称,将惩罚那些被控告制造假新闻的记者,禁止其进入政府办公室或新闻发布会r|ta4L1I44Q9

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印度紧急叫停假新闻“惩罚令”.jpg

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印度编辑协会对这项命令表示抗议K2]5xUOC@F_%&。该行业集团表示,这会给记者施加政治压力pYx**F6S=I==Ct#nO.

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媒体专家指出,政府的命令并未定义什么是假新闻8Jf9!FzY)4。同样,也没有限制那些数量大幅增长的非传统网络媒体Tay9Dp~PM*!,Y2&^TVpQ

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专家对政府解决该问题的能力提出质疑KS2OOztO=LHK

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杰西·雅各布(Jency Jacob)是印度 boomlive.in网站的总编辑,这是一家旨在反驳假新闻的核实网站blp84^BtKShRN^(Qg。杰西表示,经常制造假新闻的是政党而非媒体R&syNIULSl40)L。杰西还指出,政府是想借这项命令让民众混淆假新闻的来源=;f[X1x;;JK[i

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众多资深记者对试图制止假新闻的时机提出质疑P|P|H[#9QkE2Vb[tTy_A。在 2019年大选前会有一场重要的州选举RE1|ll(Z|C^|_DHMV6L。一些观察者指出:总理莫迪所在的人民党失去了一些支持WDWvYHiVQ+Q%)^O#w.

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“逆转已经开始,一些负面新闻呼之欲出DlE;Y3oXkyV。新德里中央媒体研究所主任N. Bhaskars Rao表示:“这是对这件事的过度反应”Qs,UX^l5b!^r!g=wD;L

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而人民党忽略了这些批评ou#c^,y@1~Uq。该党表示,命令很快被撤销,因为莫迪想要巩固他对新闻自由的信仰9C#yL&&jnAj=DOqpi

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印度的大多数假新闻都是通过社交媒体平台WhatsApp传播的|43wL[3g)OSJI4I。随着手机和全国网络的普及,该平台的影响力逐渐增强#AqH,4pT|WVa!z

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少数人已经开始登录核实网站来阻止假新闻的传播q6&d&&rb54e。他们说很多人,尤其是农村居民并不关心社交网络上的新闻出自哪里tO#+wt4Hdnu

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他们还发现,从不实的天气预报到捏造的健康信息,虚假信息无处不在y2%1oIXbHd7#g=w+

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Pratik Sinha开创了Altnews网站m.HT4Xa-4!&8.*。他说,通常在选举期间,社交媒体上有关政治信息的假新闻会陡增Q&hTE#(LX~zd8q5Q

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他说,去年12月,莫迪家乡所在州举行的选举表明,执政党和反对党都将假新闻作为竞选工具AW8RXuWPsA4dU&BnY

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辛哈(Sinha)表示,最大的问题是假新闻可能会加剧宗教紧张局势并引发暴力活动fMdopGn)PR#。他的网站发现了许多意识形态活跃的人士所制造的假新闻huqkw_;8]9P

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上个月,Postcard News网站的编辑因撰写了一篇穆斯林攻击一名耆那教和尚(一名在意外事故中受伤的宗教工作者)的不实新闻被捕8^zG*u|kc.Q。一年前,一篇关于儿童绑架犯的不实报道导致7人死亡*H8QWJN9h3N~a

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boomlive.in 网站总编辑雅各布说,有时传统媒体也应担责,他们匆忙发布消息时并不核实新闻的真实性B2H2fo6;Q*g=PlqS

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雅各布补充道:许多电视台和报纸都在传播假新闻,然后撇清“这不是我的错”%xAwl92tu)g[YcJq

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然而,许多人认为政府的命令并不是解决问题的办法c4iGl9cHL5

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苏珊·尚德为您播报rP6-W^|uHQZa47CS-A[

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • definev. 定义,解释,限定,规定
  • checkn. 检查,支票,账单,制止,阻止物,检验标准,方格图案
  • confusevt. 混淆,使困惑,使混乱
  • primeadj. 最初的,首要的,最好的,典型的 n. 青春,壮
  • survivaln. 生存,幸存者
  • tensionn. 紧张,拉力,张力,紧张状态,[电]电压 vt. 使
  • insurancen. 保险,保险费,安全措施
  • traditionaladj. 传统的
  • electionn. 选举
  • blamen. 过失,责备 vt. 把 ... 归咎于,责备