VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):沙特允许女性骑自行车
日期:2018-04-16 16:18

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Saudi Arabia Now Permits Women to Ride Bicycles

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Life for women in Saudi Arabia is changing quickly. They are now experiencing new freedoms, such as riding a bicycle. The government announced the new policy earlier this month.

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These freedoms are important for Saudi women like Amirah al-Turkistani.

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In 2015, Amirah finished her studies in the American city of Boston. While living in Boston, she rode a light green bicycle. When she was preparing to return to her home in Jeddah, she decided to take her bicycle with her.

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Her friends laughed at the idea.

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"They told me, ‘What will you do with it in Jeddah, hang it on the wall?'" she said.

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Riding a bicycle in public as a woman was unthinkable at the time. In Saudi Arabia, religious police watch public spaces to enforce conservative dress rules, bans on music and alcohol, prayer-time store closures and the mixing of unrelated men and women.

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Now, three years later, Amirah often rides her same green bicycle along Jeddah's seaside paths. Sometimes she rides by herself, other times with her husband and children.

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The new policy says that women must still be covered in an abaya when riding a bike. Abayas are loose-fitting, full-length robes. They are required public dress for Saudi women.

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But abayas are changing, too. In the past, women could only where traditional black abayas. Now, Amirah chooses from several colors of abayas. She designs them herself.

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"Jeddah today isn't the same as Jeddah five, six years ago," she said. "The scrutiny on clothes (has eased), there's more places to go, working opportunities for women are the same as for men."

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In recent years, Saudi Arabia has been changing from its more traditional past.

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Under a reform program aimed at modernizing the kingdom and reducing its economy's dependence on oil, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has eased social restrictions. He has also ended a 40-year ban on movie theaters. And he has reduced the activities of the religious police.

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Last year, the government announced it would permit women to drive cars, something Amirah is very ready for.

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"It's not like I want to drive just because I want to drive," she said. "It's a need."

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Amirah is a 30 year-old mother of two children. She has a full-time job teaching graphic design at Jeddah International College. She works on other design projects outside of work, as well. And she sells her handmade abayas.

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In her free time, she does yoga. She also does strength training at an exercise center.

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Amirah is part of a young generation of Saudi women seizing new chances.

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Yet she realizes that not all women in this country of 32 million people have the same chances as her. Tribal customs, authoritative male relatives and religious conservatism keep many Saudi women from having the same rights.

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"She can be (modern) but her family isn't," Amirah says of Saudi women. "She can be like this but her husband doesn't allow it." She adds that she believes some people oppose the new reforms.

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"There's a change, that's true, but I'm talking about something very miniscule," she said. "I don't know about other places, other cities. I'm just talking about Jeddah."

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I'm Phil Dierking.

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重点解析

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1.at the time 当时;在那时

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I was just in grade school at the time, but I remember it perfectly.

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那时我还在上小学,但是我记得非常清楚Xp7CcnvX31rx-+

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2.free time 空闲时间

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I had little money and little free time.

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我没什么钱,也没多少空闲时间5ll%LA#g.@_R

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3.strength training 力量训练

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Yoga is a popular form of movement that unites meditation, balance and strength training with focused breathing.

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瑜伽是一种广受欢迎的运动,它结合冥想、平衡和力量练习,关注呼吸Id.jj(lc6Ff=x)o0cK

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4.full-time job 全职工作;全日制工作

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I contemplated leaving school and taking a full-time job.

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我打算离开学校找一份全职工作)6!UFS,B_1D^

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5.Her friends laughed at the idea.

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laughed at 嘲笑;取笑

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Six months ago she would have laughed at the idea.

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要是在6个月前,她会对这个想法嗤之以鼻#EJDgF&O#]Ww4i4!ZDe

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I didn't want him to look foolish and be laughed at.

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我不希望见到他出丑,被别人嘲笑!LDmOg[k,QO,gy

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6."They told me, ‘What will you do with it in Jeddah, hang it on the wall?'" she said.

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hang on 坚持;悬挂

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He hangs on tightly, his arms around my neck.

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他双臂紧搂着我的脖子不放YkL9iCk!%]yY

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In the present climate, owners are hanging on to old ships.

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在目前的形势下,船东们都不愿淘汰掉旧船^PC#|rEiK)

参考译文

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沙特允许女性骑自行车

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沙特阿拉伯女性的生活正在发生急剧变化,8KWqD.6-%3vkIIY。如今她们正在体验新式自由,比如骑自行车WDMTZa,#]r6J9G。本月早些时候,沙特政府发布了这项新政策DA9^,RzZz9F3

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对于阿米拉·阿尔特基斯塔尼这样的沙特女性来说,这些自由很重要V]EU36*8fl7xWHLy7^+

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2015年,阿米拉在美国波士顿完成了学业;~Y=17A;8nzd|LC。在波士顿生活时,她的代步工具是一辆淡绿色自行车bG@Z5EW9mKy*OTtmu。当她准备返回家乡吉达时,她决定把自行车带回去g7bB^XLp2bK2P#a#U

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她的朋友因此嘲笑她MvsYjU4!a5

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她说,“朋友对我说,‘在吉达你用它来做什么,挂在墙上吗?’”

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当时,女性在公共场合骑自行车简直异想天开s0U6g]kbk7giU8^z![。在沙特阿拉伯,宗教警察会巡视公共场合,确保人们穿着保守,禁止音乐和饮酒,祈祷时间商店须关闭,禁止陌生男女厮混]9nW;L5&]7pb+YCi

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沙特允许女性骑自行.jpg

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三年后的今天,阿米拉常常在吉达海边的小道上骑着绿色自行车闲逛1xmbG=fIOuW。有时候独自一人骑行,有时和丈夫孩子一起*49@g+v9p=MEEck7&Dzt

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新政策表明,女性骑自行车时仍需身穿长袍0H9_ngDPFNP。长袍是一种宽松且能遮挡全身的罩袍4uYuJA#2]fsV[)5A。这是沙特女性在公共场合的必备衣服9N2Vd)i.#Ms+IQ79;eLH

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不过长袍的传统也正在改变ReWH3l6Pf#I。过去,女性只能穿传统的黑色长袍%ddB@QZhAplZKShdL。如今,阿米拉有几种颜色的长袍可以挑选,她甚至亲自设计长袍的款式D&@T|ebRGpuGLc|)~

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她说,“如今的吉达早已不是5、6年前的吉达,这里对着装的审查(已经放宽),女性可以外出的地方也多了,男女就业机会也均等了XZ.qQ+GMIfc[yDp6&*|。”

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近几年,沙特阿拉伯正逐渐变革过去的传统mlq[1Okw5v420

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在一项旨在让沙特步入现代化,减少经济上对石油依赖程度的改革计划下,沙特王储穆罕默德·本·萨勒曼(Mohammed bin Salman)放宽了某些社会规定,结束了对电影院长达40年的禁令,S^H+Nl]DUiSfF.t。他还下令还减少了宗教警察的活动&9u[z3HE~b^&S_GWzRv

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去年,政府宣布允许女性驾车,阿米拉对此期待已久B]yH^I^N3;tKkpf*i_96

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她说,“开车并不只是我个人喜好,开车更是一种需求mkkYKv1C*OG,g。”

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现年30岁的阿米拉育有两个孩子zd|AoP1s@YO#dURMB@。她的全职工作是在吉达国际学院教授平面设计OTq9xAoaoOfAE7m8。业余时间她也承接别的设计项目,她还卖自己设计的长袍oA)l|aZi5u@P|Hb!!R6i

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她闲暇时会做瑜伽,也会到健身中心做力量训练5lvPizrcsLR-%[

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阿米拉是沙特女性中的年轻一代,抓住了新的机遇t_Fu42unRLcFF0

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不过,她意识到在这个人口达3200万的国家里,不是所有女性都能和她一样抓住这种机遇(-M4YhwCN0j9~~f。部落的习俗,权威男性亲属与宗教保守派让沙特女性难以享受与其相等的权利K2jV6_F22wP#B9l6Z7t

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提到沙特女性,阿米拉说,“她们可以变得(现代化)而她的家庭不会,女性可以这样但是丈夫却不允许bocz;iCuxUhg(。”她还说,相信有一部分人反对新的改革_c3W[&W%1pj8#*ZDE(

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她说,“现在确实在发生变化,但是我说的是一些很小的事情,我不清楚别的地方、别的城市,我只是说吉达而已9bWFEf0O(S@&。”

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菲尔·迪尔金为您播报wZ]%sEQrX-p

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • conservativeadj. 保守的,守旧的 n. 保守派(党), 保守的人
  • traditionaladj. 传统的
  • opposevt. 反对,反抗,使对立,使对抗
  • socialadj. 社会的,社交的 n. 社交聚会
  • binn. 箱柜,[计] DOS文件名, 二进制目标文件 vt
  • authoritativeadj. 权威性的,命令式的
  • announced宣布的
  • popularadj. 流行的,大众的,通俗的,受欢迎的
  • alcoholn. 酒精,乙醇,酒
  • movementn. 活动,运动,移动,[音]乐章