VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):新研究:每天饮酒量最好不超过一瓶
日期:2018-04-15 22:22

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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This is What's Trending Today...
A huge international study has found that adults should not drink more than, on average, one alcoholic drink a day.
That means drinking advisements in many countries around the world may be far too loose.
The study was published this week in The Lancet.
Dr. Angela Wood of Cambridge University led the research. The work combined results from 83 studies carried out in 19 countries. It considered about 600,000 people who drank alcohol.
The study found that people who drink more than seven drinks a week can expect to die sooner than those who drink less.
The United States government currently advises no more than seven drinks a week for women and 14 for men. Those limits are based on earlier studies that found women are more affected by alcohol than men.
Canada and Sweden have similar guidelines.
British guidelines were also similar until two years ago. That is when British health officials brought the upper limit for men down to the same limit as women.
Some countries have much higher limits, however. Spain and Romania both suggest drinking as many as 20 alcoholic drinks per week for men is acceptable.
The new study estimates that 40-year-old men who drink as much as current U.S. guidelines suggest can expect to live one to two years less than men who have no more than seven drinks per week.
David Jernigan, an alcohol researcher at Johns Hopkins University, told the Associated Press, if you're really concerned about your longevity, don't have more than one drink a day. Jernigan was not involved in the study.
The study is a serious wake-up call for many countries, Jeremy Pearson of the British Heart Foundation said in a statement. The group supported the study financially.
About half of the people included in the study said they had more than 100 grams of alcohol per week. The researchers found a higher risk of stroke, heart failure and other problems in that group of heavier drinkers. That may partly be because alcohol can increase blood pressure and change cholesterol levels, the researchers said.
The heavier drinkers were also less likely to have a heart attack, the study found. However, the overall effects of drinking more than seven drinks a week are more bad than good, lead researcher Wood said.
The results of the study quickly became a trending discussion worldwide. As one person wrote, the news was not a good story to read on a Friday, as workers and students prepare to celebrate the start of the weekend.
And that's What's Trending Today....

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重点解析

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1.no more than 仅仅,只是

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“This may be telling us something very deep about the world we live in, or it may be no more than a quirky coincidence, ” he said.
“这可能会告诉我们一些深深隐藏在我们所生活的世界下面的东西,或者也可能仅仅只是一个奇怪的巧合,”他说i@3WfyG4_]=*uFhMh^L

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2.expect to do sth 预计做某事

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I expect to see your brother there.
我预料会在那里见到你的兄弟G,3w#qrUNl~eOCuWXDOv

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3.less than 少于……

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I'm sure he will be hunted down in less than a week.
我敢保证他一定会在一个星期内被捉拿归案ODZdtU-cbfNMRMvVR@Z

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4.heart failure 心力衰竭

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Heart failure led to her father's death.
心力衰竭导致她父亲的死亡la*U|VEU;8D#K

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5.That means drinking advisements in many countries around the world may be far too loose.

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far too 太……

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The human imagination and market forces are far too strong.
人类想象力和市场作用仍是非常强大的%#~nR@)6%;@LOh+,YR3

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For far too long now, we have allowed our leaders to take us in this direction.
很长一段时间以来,我们一直认同领导者们带着我们朝着这个方向前行,s^JVszMQ0#

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6.The new study estimates that 40-year-old men who drink as much as current U.S. guidelines suggest
as much as 多达……,差不多,和……一样多

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We want to succeed and do well just as much as you want us to.
我们想要获得成功,我们想要尽量表现得好就像你想要的那样.R&*Bl%c4x

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Before her next interview she should find out as much as she can about the job and the company.
在她下次接受面试之前,她应该尽可能地查找关于这个职位和这个公司的信息nDF]+-4PW*15jS

参考译文

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欢迎收听《今日热点》栏目……
某大型国际研究表明,成年人每天的酒精摄入平均量最多应该为一瓶p7nZZ8]aQEgmabzVpnEm
也就是说,全球很多国家的酒类广告都过于宽松了uo[5g]N3&v^-Z1dpI#
这则研究是本周在《柳叶刀》上发表的0S)3xG^SuAp~2[yQh
该研究的负责人是剑桥大学的安吉拉 伍德博士(Angela Wood)VRJiDmJ0KrX。这项研究工作结合了19个国家的83项研究成果,并考量了近60万饮酒人士的数据QU93SpRGRbn_!VU@J@_
这则研究发现,每周饮酒量超过7瓶的人的寿命要比酒量少的人短.d^5lUs|)%Uq,Z
目前,美国政府对女士和男士饮酒量的建议分别是每周7瓶和每周14瓶L]umh51R7)wcgO。这样设限是根据之前的一些研究,因为这些研究发现女性受酒精影响的程度比男性更高*.VSz~TAsr,Pm(7tKJ3
加拿大和瑞典也有类似的参考建议6y^f,TYTe1

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直到两年前,英国的参考建议还和如上几个国家相同rRx)lwJr;IL。但就在两年前,一些英国卫生部的官员将男性饮酒量的上限调至与女性一致v,n&7nGWQkY
不过,还有一些国家的上限更高PVST[;[z(*oWJc。西班牙和罗马尼亚都建议男性每周最多喝20瓶酒EY%qSgUd@E.lY7
这则新研究估测,对于40岁的男性来说,如果其饮酒量与当前美国的参考建议一致,其寿命会比每周最多喝7瓶的男性寿命要短1-2年J#marc]0op1*PMT
美国约翰霍普金斯大学的酒精研究员大卫(David Jernigan)在接受美联社采访时表示,如果一个人真的关心自己的寿命,那么每天的饮酒量最好控制在一瓶以内d7i+DcWW*ci7_4Z。不过,大卫并没有参与这次的研究3(dGh~cOCqy1P4pUp
这则研究对于很多国家来说都敲起了严肃的警钟,英国心脏基金会的杰里米(Jeremy Pearson)在一份声明中如是写道|Kim0ZC#-%&YMya|q。英国心脏基金会赞助了这则研究anK]zS!K^Y
参与该研究的人中,有近一半的人表示,他们每周的饮酒量超过了100griCDr3)0_+jnxV86B。研究人员发现,这一组饮酒量更大的人群患中风、心力衰竭等疾病的风险更高c%PgQR~,f~S3GBF1。这其中的部分原因或许是:酒精可以升高血压并改变胆固醇含量,研究人员如是说道wYR=|X]S3;AFf5
该研究发现,饮酒量高的人心脏病发作的几率也更低cXs%_vAVx0tpv;QK1oe。不过,总体来说,每周饮酒量7瓶以上的弊是大于利的,负责人伍德如是说道Ry0)][DpJD)
该研究的结果很快就成了全球热议的话题sh2PqqK=COP5E。有一个人写道,这个新闻要是放在周五是有些丧气的,因为周五正是工人和学生准备欢度周五开始的时候LMC&|Wp#y9zQ[@;1||Zy
以上就是本期的《今日热点》……

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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