Spies Target US Colleges, Universities
Colleges and universities are not the first places most people would think to find government spies. But reporter Dan Golden said that is not the case.
"There's an awful lot more international students, international professors at American universities. Some of them are here to gather information for their countries."
Golden recently spoke with VOA about his book "Spy Schools." In the book, he gives examples of spying at U.S. colleges and universities. He says the free exchange of ideas and mix of cultures at universities increase the chances for spying to take place.
Charlie McGonigal leads the counterintelligence division at the Federal Bureau of Investigation in New York. He said spying at universities is a big problem.
"There's a lot of research and development at major universities in the United States that a foreign government would look to exploit by sending students to study at these universities."
Americans studying in other countries can also become targets of foreign governments. McGonigal says often these students are asked to seek jobs in the U.S. government.
"...Then they're asked to go and apply for employment with the U.S. government or in a sensitive private sector area where we know those governments are targeting that type of specific information."
But the United States also uses intelligence-gathering operations in universities. Alex van Schaick was a student in Bolivia researching organized labor movements. He met a U.S. government official in Bolivia for what he thought was a usual security meeting.
But Van Schaick grew concerned by the official's request.
"He said, ‘Oh, and if you're out doing field work out in the countryside, if you run into any Cuban doctors or Venezuelan officials, we'd like you to report their whereabouts back to the U.S. embassy.'"
McGonigal says that these kinds of recruitment efforts are not common. He adds that the U.S. does not use these methods as often or in the same ways as the Chinese or Russian governments.
Dan Golden says raising awareness about the high incidence of spying is important. He notes the 2010 discovery of Russian spies who pretended to be Americans.
"The vast majority of them were going to American colleges and universities, or had gone to them."
Golden added that he believed that Russia considered it important for spies to have an American college degree.
I'm Jonathan Evans.
1.international students 留学生
The families and school district plan outings and activities with the international students.
2.college degree 大学学位
You need a college degree to fulfil your dream of becoming a teacher.
3.seek jobs 应聘；求职
They moved to New York to seek jobs.
4.work out 解决；计算
It is proving hard to work out the value of bankrupt firms 'assets.
5.He says the free exchange of ideas and mix of cultures at universities increase the chances for spying to take place.
take place 发生；举行
A total solar eclipse is due to take place some time tomorrow.
Elections were postponed the day before polling was due to take place.
6."He said, ‘Oh, and if you're out doing field work out in the countryside, if you run into any Cuban doctors or Venezuelan officials.
run into 偶然遇见
He ran into Krettner in the corridor a few minutes later.
The pilot told the control tower that he'd run into technical trouble.
大多数人可能不会把学院或大学列为发现政府间谍的第一场所。然而，记者丹·高登（Dan Golden）表示，事实并非如此 。
近日，高登接受美国之音采访时谈及《间谍学校》一书。在这本书中，他列举了美国学院和大学里的间谍活动 。他指出，大学里思想的自由交流和文化融合增加了间谍活动的机会 。
查理·尼格尔（Charlie McGonigal）是纽约联邦调查局反间谍部门的负责人。他说，大学里的间谍活动是一项大问题 。
但是，美国也在大学里开展情报收集的行动。亚历克斯·范·斯凯克（Alex van Schaick）是玻利维亚的学生，主要研究有组织的劳工运动 。他在玻利维亚会见了一位美国政府官员，他以为那只是一次例行的安全会议 。