VOA常速(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国制裁4名委内瑞拉官员
日期:2018-04-12 05:26

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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On March 19, 2018, the U.S. Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control sanctioned four current or former Venezuelan government officials. These individuals contributed to the historic collapse of Venezuela's economy, including hyperinflation, food and medicine shortages, and a humanitarian crisis with significant and growing consequences for the region. These officials were also actively involved in the endemic corruption and economic mismanagement that have been defining features of the Maduro regime.
Those designated include Americo Alex Mata Garciaor. As the coordinator of Maduro's 2013 presidential campaign, Mr. Mata was videotaped soliciting 50 million dollars from Brazilian construction company Odebrecht in exchange for government contracts.

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Willian Antonio Contreras is the head of the Superintendence for the Defense of Socioeconomic Rights (known locally as “SUNDDE”), the agency responsible for imposing price controls in Venezuela. The price controls imposed on factories, supermarkets, and multinational companies by SUNDDE while Mr. Contreras was in charge have left businesses unable to afford to import raw materials or products, and have shuttered companies and contributed to sharp drops in production and employment.
Nelson Reinaldo Lepaje Salazar was until recently the Head of the Office of the National Treasury of Venezuela. The pervasive mismanagement and corruption in currency controls under the purview of this office significantly contributed to the collapse of Venezuela's economy and to hyperinflation.
Carlos Alberto Rotondaro Cova is the former President of the Board of Directors of the Venezuelan Institute of Social Security, the government agency tasked with social services, such as pensions and medications. Rampant corruption and mismanagement in IVSS have contributed to Venezuela's inability to purchase, produce, or distribute sufficient quantities of medications or provide medical services to the population in need.
All assets of these current or former officials of the government of Venezuela that are subject to U.S. jurisdiction are frozen, and Americans are generally prohibited from dealing with them.
The United States calls for the Venezuelan government to permit the entry of food, medicine, and humanitarian assistance. And the United States stands with the hemisphere in support of the Venezuelan people, and will continue to take strong and swift action to prevent the theft of Venezuela's wealth by corrupt individuals in the Maduro regime.

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VOA英文文本来自51VOA,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载TWz0(TtLPo~W_wN%W).

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重点解析

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1. The price controls imposed on factories, supermarkets, and multinational companies by SUNDDE while Mr. Contreras was in charge

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be in charge 负责,主管,在……看管下

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Nobody decided whether to turn left or right, or even to turn at all. Nobody was in charge.
没有人决定是向左转还是向右转,甚至根本没人决定转向,没有主要的负责人SK)tV!sx,m_bPPR

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2. The pervasive mismanagement and corruption in currency controls under the purview of this office

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under the perview of 在……的管辖范围内

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Regulators also agree that shadow banks, which have grown rapidly in recent years and often serve as a conduit for regulatory arbitrage, should be brought under the purview of financial supervision.
监管机构同时赞成近年来迅速发展并做为套现监管的途径的影子银行将会将金融监管纳入旗下Hu~b*f01vGR7pSa

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参考翻译

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2018年3月19日,美国财政部外国资产控制办公室(OFAC)制裁了4名现任及前委内瑞拉政府官员^_)I^YpDkK%_GeM.。这4个人对委内瑞拉经济出现历史性崩盘负有责任,使委内瑞拉出现了恶性通货膨胀、食品和药物短缺、对该地区后患无穷人道主义危机mf~EcA-qfn5。这4名官员还曾大量参与了地方腐败和经济管理不力,这些都是马杜罗政府的根本性特点2nE1,A!G]=ZATI
这4个人里有马塔(Americo Alex Mata Garciaor)p!i^o8Yw-kZWp。在担任马杜罗2013年竞选活动的协调员期间,马塔被拍到曾收受了加拿大建筑公司Odebrecht的5000万美元,交换是:选择该公司为多份政府合同的合作方j%c-YQ8pgB#y1a2A&qi
孔特雷拉斯(Willian Antonio Contreras)是保卫社会经济权利监督部(委内瑞拉Superintendence for the Defense of Socioeconomic Rights)的负责人0TgfJ]&XM;W#lm^Il[!a。该机构负责管控委内瑞拉的物价]1P%|iuC]~HpL|N@3d。该机构在孔特雷拉斯的带领下,对各大工厂、超市、跨国公司进行物价管控,这使得很多企业因无法负担进口原材料和产品的费用而倒闭,导致产量和就业率大幅下滑2ZSXcr9fhFGl]qV,g,9N
一直到最近为止,纳尔逊(Nelson Reinaldo Lepaje Salazar)还担任着委内瑞拉的国家财政办公室的负责人^Wox2z2PBcGQ。该办公室负责的货币控制普遍存在管理不力以及腐败滋生的情况,这是导致委内瑞拉经济下滑以及恶性通货膨胀的主要原因9bZ~-ozdKji(@0H
卡洛斯(Carlos Alberto Rotondaro Cova)是委内瑞拉社会保障所董事会的前任董事长,而社会保障所主要负责社会服务,比如养老金和医疗C=5*csH*k@p@o。委内瑞拉社会保障所的腐败和管理不力问题严重,这导致委内瑞拉没有能力购置、生产、分发足够的药物和医疗服务给需要的人群N1Yf[iFGq--
这些委内瑞拉现任和前官员的所有资产,只要在美国的管辖范围内,都遭到了冻结FHw#WJ_&WNy(。此外,所有美国公民禁止与他们进行交易t^[7CyKJN4RCr
美国呼吁委内瑞拉政府允许粮食、药物、人道主义援助进入境内N#nA4Hm,,eO^x。此外,美国和半球一起支持委内瑞拉人民,并将继续采取强有力的快速举措,以阻止委内瑞拉的财富遭到马杜罗政府里的腐败官员的窃取Odg4it.i+L=

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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