BBC双语新闻讲解附字幕:暴风雪中如何求生存?
日期:2018-04-13 07:21

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

If you find yourself lost in a blizzard like this, one of the best survival techniques is to dig a hole to shelter from the elements. I've scaled Mount Cairngorm with a tour group led by expert guide Andy Bateman. He's going to teach us how to safely construct a snow hole. One of the best places to dig is this small valley 1,100 meters (3,600ft) up the mountain. It's nicknamed the Snow House because of the drifts that collect here. I'm so cold. It's so snowy. I can't actual imagine how we gonna stay here tonight. Well, the big killer in terms of your own temperature is the wind, and when we get in the snow hole we are totally out of the wind. What is the wind chill now? What is the wind speed? Well, we are in quite a sheltered hollow now. So it's probably only 5, 10, 15mph something like that.
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暴风雪中如何求生存?

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When we came over the top it was considerably more than that, but once we are in the snow hole we will be very sheltered. So we'll get you warmed up, okay? So there's your shovel. While we've been preparing the equipment three of the team, Lorna, Gregor and Dave have made a start on the hole, by digging tunnels into the snow drift. When they are deep enough we will connect them to form a cavern. We've got to go in a good metre from the top here. Do you want to come in and have a dig? Yes. I'm just chopping away this face here. And how long does it take to do this normally, Andy? It very much depends on the snow conditions. We've got relatively soft snow, but certainly three hours plus, sometimes as much as five hours. Five hours, ok. This is a snow saw designed to be able to cut through ice and snow, and by using this we can often remove the snow far more efficiently, in as much we can cut blocks out rather chipping away.

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重点讲解

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1. shelter from 遮挡;(使)躲避…;掩护,保护

Although horses do not generally mind the cold, shelter from rain and wind is important.
尽管马一般不怕冷,但是一定要有个能遮风挡雨的马棚!Kj=GDU5[x#c!LEhW!]
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2. in terms of 根据;用…的话;就…而言;以…为单位

Basically I think he would be someone who complemented me in terms of character.
我基本上认为他是在性格上和我互补的人upCvb84YB=
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3. come over 从远处来;改变立场;顺便来访;突然感觉;有清晰的收听或收看效果;欺骗

He has come over to China for the summer.
他不远万里来中国度暑假MR9r]Z5O;aGT!B=9v~g
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4. chip away 蚕食;拆掉,削掉,铲除;凿(敲)下碎片;逐步瓦解

He used a hammer and chisel to chip away at the wall.
他用榔头和凿子铲墙thW7%a2k2j%
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参考翻译

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如果你发现自己在这样的暴风雪中迷路了,最好的生存办法之一是挖个洞挡住风雪krr_WJBwmt9~[vBYl。我和导游专家安迪·贝特曼率领的旅行团一行攀登上了凯恩戈姆山(译者注:凯恩戈姆山是英国海拔最高的山脉)Jg;IZjfNMoGfOc。他将教我们如何安全地建造一个雪洞AX*|Ay8,%X。其中最佳的一个挖洞地点是距山顶1100米(3600英尺)高的这个小山谷;p3!]%ZWDT(]&#p]o。这个小山谷绰号叫“雪屋”,因为这里积攒了很多雪堆Fg[MPqvA7M~~&d。我好冷J5x.6OBXv)^Z.M6Nq。雪太大了tmAp@[b|H+。我实在没办法想象我们今晚怎么在这里过夜%E)-nO_u*GT33JM。让你体温下降的一个主要杀手是风,如果我们在雪洞里,就会完全把风挡住~9^cf,wU=;EP.qz。现在的风寒指数是多少?风速是多少?我们现在在一个相当防风的山谷里+4A%[0R-7lAC,。所以现在的风速可能一小时只有5,10或15英里这个样子QU4JCDpf95N[zJ。如果我们爬到山顶,风速会比现在大非常多,但是如果我们在雪洞里,防风效果会非常好e=OsII6yB[.*tq8~。所以我们现在要让你暖和下,好吗?这是你的铲子(]KmmCg+]om*56u。在我们准备工具时,队伍中的另外三个人——洛纳、格雷戈尔和戴夫开始做挖洞的先头工作—在雪堆里挖出地道X~d;Ac[=|%M。当地道足够深,我们就可以把它们连接起来形成一个洞穴~**O)Hvx6%3)+h*x[)。我们要从这上面挖出足足一米深&YevNK.RS&VQQrg8。你想进来尝试下吗?好的|3yu)WvF.NazMf*。我把这个表面切掉Jq].G8HDc.lH%a~N3(I&。通常来说挖这样一个雪洞需要多长时间,安迪?这在很大程度上取决于雪的情况=m9Lq%71#5~BSF,4BX4。我们现在的雪相对来说比较软,当然也得三个多小时,有时候要五小时这么久4Mh8dH9THE%p。五小时,好吧8V%kFZ9|NvsX+T2P%#。这个是为了切除冰和雪设计的雪锯子,用这个锯子,可以大大提高除雪的效率,它可以直接把冰块切掉,而不是一点点削lWYktE3bJ|G~1R9AoYb5

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译文属可可英语原创,未经允许,不得转载nX#4~DHW&|46MAE

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