VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):腐败丑闻缠身 巴西前总统恐难参加10月大选
日期:2018-04-07 20:30

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Brazil's highest court rejected former president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva's request Thursday to not go to prison. He is appealing a corruption conviction. He faces a 12-year sentence for accepting bribes. He may be jailed within one week.
Lula is still Brazil's most popular politician. He served as president from 2003 to 2011. He is now leading in all public opinion studies for the presidential election this October. But his conviction will likely prevent him from running.
The decision against Lula may seriously affect the future political career of Brazil's first working-class president. Lula rose from working in a factory to the highest political office in the country.
But corruption charges have strongly influenced the political environment in Brazil, especially Lula's Workers Party. The party held power from 2003 to 2016.
Lula's conviction was upheld on a first appeal. Under Brazilian law, a candidate is not permitted to run for elected office for eight years once found guilty of a crime. Some exceptions have been made in the past. But the final decision in Lula's case would be made by the top electoral court if he officially files to be a candidate. He has said he wants to run for the presidency again in October.
Lula oversaw years of strong economic growth in Brazil. His supporters see the conviction as an attempt to stop him from returning to power.
Lula was found guilty of corruption in August 2017. He was sentenced to 10 years in prison for accepting bribes worth $1 million from the engineering company OAS. Prosecutors said the money was spent on an apartment for Lula. In return, Lula helped OAS establish business agreements with the state-run oil company Petrobras.
In January, all the members of an appeals court upheld his conviction. The court increased the prison sentence from 10 years to 12 years.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

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重点解析

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1.public opinion 民意,舆论

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the pressure of public opinion 舆论的压力

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2.presidential election 总统大选

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This week, he signed a proclamation authorising a presidential election in January.
本周,他签署了一个声明授权于一月份的总统选举zJC|ifx_7E

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3.run for 竞选

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Mr Brown did not want to run for governor of the state last year.
布朗先生去年不想竞选州长kmdNAVv9J+zn

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4.want to do sth 想要做某事

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He wanted to scab me, but I refused.
他想雇我破坏罢工,被我拒绝了j;jh!H%h9bBgHpU

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5.He served as president from 2003 to 2011.

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serve as 担任,充当

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He was served as a general.
他被任命为将军sKuVAQJPuAiZteZ@rq

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Newspaper serves me as a curtain.
我用报纸权充窗帘,znL=caSFAdb

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6.Prosecutors said the money was spent on an apartment for Lula.

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spend... on... 把……花在……上

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Your debts are their assets, and every penny spent on interest goes towards making them wealthier.
你的债务就是他们的资产,花费在利息上的每一分钱都让他们更为富有0iE1W_@4eZT

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If you want to be thorough, do this for a week, and calculate the percentage of your total time that you spent on each type of activity.
假如想把这事做彻底,可以持续做上一周,再计算你在每类活动中耗费的时间占总时间的百分比U[jb!(5bbdn7vq-P|1

参考译文

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周四,巴西最高法院表示坚决让前总统路易斯 伊纳西奥 卢拉 达席尔瓦(Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva)入狱-O4cWPOL01(.。卢拉正在就腐败罪名进行申诉j)9WtxDTkqQX!。他可能因收受贿赂而面临12年的牢狱之灾D0XdbJj8qf。一周之内,卢拉可能就要锒铛入狱C8N-[a!,CP|7p
卢拉依然是巴西最知名的政客p~,mjAh;l4;iHF1vK。2003-2011年期间,卢拉担任巴西总统ewEaAzsJ1.K2ChNuuV。目前,在针对今年10月总统大选所做的所有民意调查中,卢拉都名列榜首VeAf)@LVa=8!。但这次他的罪名很有可能让他与大选无缘GF9,XQ2j]nIDp
最高法院对卢拉的这项判决可能严重影响他未来作为巴西首位工人阶级总统的职业生涯^v@v!;)uZ&。卢拉从工厂的工人白手起家,一路攀登到了今天巴西最高政治职务的位子ji;OQEjkm.

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但腐败的罪名已经强烈地影响了巴西的政治环境,尤其是卢拉所在的劳工党,虽然劳工党在2003-2016年期间一直握有大势x+L,JEb[@R8#EQ;&@NOf
卢拉在一审的时候就已经定罪cE2hOhmhH4&。而根据巴西的法律,一旦候选人触犯法律,就不允许竞选总统*JuyF-%uXlk*Zr5]xj。虽然过去已经有一些破格的例子了,但如果卢拉依然是官方候选人的话,那么他的案子就要由最高选举法庭来做最终决定KdhBE2f]j|utBwoT;cZ。卢拉此前已经表示自己想在十月份再次竞选总统9F.3h*TJYC
卢拉执政多年来,巴西经济始终强劲C^5sMYkBkieyH(-_%Y。卢拉的支持者们认为,此次针对卢拉的定罪是企图阻止卢拉再次执政WwGMW7,.4vs
2017年8月,卢拉被判犯有腐败罪uizBd+!a(87V)F~knrl。他因收受工程类公司OAS的贿赂而被判入狱10年g2U.Q3Le!~。检察官表示,这笔钱被卢拉用于购置一所公寓8T2=;f6-(.[X=。作为回报,卢拉要帮助该公司与国有石油公司巴西石油签订商务合同LHH9D9A+7kb~0ClE6
1月,上诉法院的所有成员都确定了卢拉的罪名3py|4l^96jVckif4w^。该法院还将10年的刑期延长到了12年[Z%|p*(nb30
乔纳森 埃文斯(Jonathan Evans)为您播报w,NP97CbT!!ou&=,W^T

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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