VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):幸福成耶鲁大学最受欢迎的课程
日期:2018-04-09 07:16

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Happiness Class One of Yale University's Most Popular Ever

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The search for one of life's greatest goals, happiness, is what brings almost 1,200 students to one of Yale University's most popular classes ever.

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The class is called "Psychology and the Good Life." Psychology professor Laurie Santos teaches the class.

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One in four Yale undergraduate students has registered to take it. It has the largest class registration size in Yale's 317-year history.

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So, why do so many students want this class? Santos says it is the hope that science can help students find peace among all the stresses and difficulties they face at college.

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"Students report being more depressed than they have ever been in history at college," she said.

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Social science research has led to many new understandings of how people find happiness, Santos says.

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"They really want to learn those insights in an empirical, science-driven way," she said of the students taking her happiness class.

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Yale was founded in 1701. It is the third-oldest university in the United States. It has had many famous individuals as students, including presidents George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush, Supreme Court Justice Samuel Alito and actors Paul Newman and Meryl Streep.

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Healthy body healthy mind

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Santos said feelings of happiness are created through several things. Among them are socialization, exercise, meditation and plenty of sleep. She added that while many people may see money and possessions as goals in life, those things are not usually what make people most happy.

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"Very happy people spend time with others, they prioritize time with their friends, time with their family." Happy people even make time to talk to people who work at coffee shops, Santos added.

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Santos also notes the psychological happening of "mis-wanting," which leads people to work towards the wrong goals in life.

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"We work really hard to get a great salary or to buy this huge house," she said. "Those things are not going to make us as happy as we think."

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School work for the happiness class, also known as Psyc 157, include showing more gratitude, performing acts of kindness and increasing social connections.

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Because of the popularity of the class, it has been made publicly available -- for free – on the website Coursera.

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The class is already helping Yale students like senior Rebekah Siliezar. She describes her mindset before taking the class.

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"What's most pressing on our minds is grades, it's the next job, it's a potential salary after graduation," said Siliezar. Now, she said tries more to "focus on the present moment and the people around me."

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I'm Phil Dierking.

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重点解析

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1.social connections 社会交往

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Over time, the co-operators accumulated more social connections than the defectors did.

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随着时间的推移,合作者比叛逃者积累了更多的社会关系ujU7L(+@r~6

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2.led to 导致

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Frustration, anger and desperation have led to a series of wildcat strikes.

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挫败感、愤怒和绝望引起了一系列自发性的罢工cq|jNcmcHLSPZ+

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3.search for 寻找

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You can use a directory service to search for people on the Internet.

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你可以利用因特网的目录服务搜索人名W&]uVKR6aO^S=X=Nav

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4.known as 被称为

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China has always been known as a land of propriety and righteousness.

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中国从来以礼义之邦著称S*1PsDQU|ml;3yQ,3+

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5.Among them are socialization, exercise, meditation and plenty of sleep.

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plenty of 大量;很多

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I had plenty of space to write and sew.

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我有足够的空间进行写作和缝纫0[fWtx+bN0Zm2BRS;1Ev

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Are there plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet?

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你的饮食中新鲜果蔬充足吗?

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6.Now, she said tries more to "focus on the present moment and the people around me."

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focus on 专注于

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His administration's economic policy would focus on reining in inflation.

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他的政府的经济政策将侧重于控制通货膨胀WFbLKm.t_|gC&v~7NP

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Their talks are expected to focus on arms control.

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他们的会谈预计会集中讨论军备控制问题v)!LbyI6+nr

参考译文

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幸福课成耶鲁大学最受欢迎的课程之一

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为寻找人生最伟大的目标之一——幸福,近1200名学生选修了耶鲁大学最受欢迎的课程之一G=E0^Ao7ZiFQro(I

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这个班级被称为“心理学与美好生活”(FKY~~+B*.b1)d62(-q。心理学教授劳瑞·桑托斯(Laurie Santos)是授课老师yK.8o!*bn#Z&-G*_

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耶鲁大学四分之一的本科生注册选修了这门课程l*Lb|eFaguI~7。该课程成为耶鲁建校317年来选修人数最多的课程t)bYQRF&5Dy.D

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那么,为什么这么多学生选修这门课程呢?桑托斯表示, 这门课程是希望利用科学方法帮助学生面对学校压力和困境时泰然处之dV]()^w]|+G4S0TeT1

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她说:“学生反馈称,他们步入大学校门后会空前的沮丧*bi=+,46i;@GtDnEd。”

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桑托斯说,社会科学研究在如何寻找幸福领域带来了许多新认知g6&3D]o%YoY4

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幸福课成耶鲁大学最受欢迎的课程之一.jpg

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在谈及学生选修其《幸福课》时,桑托斯称,“他们真的想从那些以科学为导向的经验中学习这些见解”Q5Xk#=.n+EXG=13cn@

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耶鲁建校于1701年,在美国最古老的大学里位列第三k5)Zxof=OJ。耶鲁培养出很多优秀学子,包括总统老布什和小布什,最高法院法官塞缪尔·阿利托和演员保罗·纽曼及梅丽尔·斯特里普.yl^4IoU[^c|

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健康的身体和思想

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桑托斯表示,幸福感是由多方面决定的,包括社交、锻炼、冥想和充足睡眠H67+lO_[a9。她还补充说,虽然很多人可能把金钱和财产视为生活的目标,但这些身外之物通常不是最让人幸福的因素hRaWw1(V]5

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“非常快乐的人常与人交际,他们会花时间陪伴朋友和家人grX^lGn6[b5z。”桑托斯还补充说,“快乐的人甚至还会花时间与咖啡店员工交谈Z1OwL-hI6HN。”

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桑托斯还注意到“错误的需要”心理,这会导致人们在生活中朝着错误的目标努力F0=eQme*%r2;pX@

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她说:“为了获得丰厚的薪水和豪华房屋,我们努力地工作Gg_#VbhW(QTY。然而,这些东西并不能让我们如想象般那样快乐&W%S1!;R6q7~%&j。”

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幸福课又名《Psyc 157 心理学157》,包括(建议大家)常怀感恩,多多行善以及增加社交NeVG3O.A(94

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由于课程的受欢迎程度,幸福课已在Coursera网站免费向公众开放c7d9UiOpURG[%~[

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该课程已经帮助了大四生Rebekah Siliezar这样的耶鲁学生DDTL@[CMD;WhZ~e。她形容了自己选修该课前的精神状态knDhUUF)59w%n

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Siliezar说:“我们心中最看重的是成绩,其次是工作及薪水]pOC2HHuDgwTa~。”现在她表示,会试着多关注当下以及周围的人BMeQyGK#zY&_,tCX*yO

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菲尔·迪尔金为您播报JfHG*s*IVJtBi

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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