VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):反击!中国对美国产品加征进口税
日期:2018-04-04 11:27

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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In Trade Dispute, China Put Import Taxes on US Goods

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China has increased import taxes on $3 billion of American products in reaction to recent United States trade policies.

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The Chinese government placed the tariffs on more than 100 products including pork, fruit and other goods. The measures are to take effect immediately.

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China's finance ministry said the move was in reaction to U.S. tariffs on steel and aluminum imports announced in March.

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China's most recent move adds to complex trade tensions involving the U.S., Europe and Japan. They say that China's government unfairly supports some companies. This support, they say, is like a subsidy that makes China's exports less costly and unfairly competitive.

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The group also says that state support for Chinese companies violates China's requirements under the rules of the World Trade Organization.

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Foreign governments also oppose a Chinese policy requiring foreign carmakers and other companies to work with a state-owned partner. The requirement means that companies doing business in China must share technology with a possible competitor.

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Last month, U.S. officials said a plan by China to manufacture electric cars, robots and other high technology products was "hugely problematic." Business groups say the plan, called "Made in China 2025" would block foreign competition within China in those industries.

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On March 20, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang promised there would be "no mandatory requirements for technology transfers." But, Chinese officials deny that foreign companies are required to hand over technology. This has caused some companies to be unsure if there is a change in policy.

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Concerns about further trade actions

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Experts say the new Chinese tariffs on U.S. goods are likely to have limited effect. However, many in the financial industry worry about a trade war. In such a case, countries would react to new tariffs with their own import taxes, placing new barriers to trade.

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Stock markets in Tokyo, Shanghai, and New York all decreased on Monday.

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Taimur Baig is an economist with the bank DBS Group based in Singapore. He told AP that tariffs "signal a most unwelcome development, which is that countries are becoming protectionist." But, he said the most recent tariffs are, in his words, "not very substantial" compared to China's total imports from the U.S.

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However, the tariffs announced on Monday might target states that voted for U.S. President Donald Trump in 2016. Many of those are farm states.

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China is placing a 25 percent tariff on U.S. pork products and aluminum scrap metal. It also is placing a 15 percent tariff on some kinds of wine, steel pipe used by oil and gas companies and many agricultural products such as apples, walnuts and grapes.

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It is unclear if China will make an exception for Chinese-owned Smithfield Foods, the biggest pork producer in the U.S. China imported about $1.1 billion in pork products in 2017.

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Experts are concerned about a new round of proposed tariffs on Chinese exports to the U.S. The Trump administration announced in March that it is preparing a list of products that could face tariffs. The AP reports that administration officials have identified over 1,000 imported products worth about $48 billion that could face additional tariffs.

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Trump has promised to reduce the U.S. trade deficit with China which reached a record of $375 billion in 2017. The U.S. president said he asked China to find a way to reduce that deficit by $100 billion.

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White House spokeswoman Sarah Huckabee Sanders said Monday on the television show "Fox and Friends" that Trump was "going to fight back and he's going to push back."

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I'm Mario Ritter.

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重点解析

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1.fight back 反击

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We should take some comfort from the ability of the judicial system to fight back against corruption.

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司法制度有能力惩治腐败,这应使我们感到些许欣慰[g3a@Eo!6e%(;6

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2.trade deficit 贸易逆差

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The realistic way to address the US-Sino trade deficit is to increase America's exportation to China.

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解决中美贸易逆差扩大的现实的办法是,美国进一步扩大对中国的出口)ntNW]mwOJQ0

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3.trade war 贸易战

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The most important thing is to reach an agreement and to avoid a trade war.

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最重要的是达成协议,避免贸易战BH7f0XYI_;vEj=3

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4.push back 使...后退

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Whatever is pushing on you, you've got to push back.

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不管什么攻击你,你都要反击p&lUHn(gW.)[[u

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5.It is unclear if China will make an exception for Chinese-owned Smithfield Foods, the biggest pork producer in the U.S.

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make an exception for 破例;免除

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Could you make an exception and accept D/ P for this transaction?

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这笔交易你们能否破例地接受付款交单?

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I can't make an exception for you.

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我不能为你破例P;OT_a~hP0_

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6.The Chinese government placed the tariffs on more than 100 products including pork, fruit and other goods. The measures are to take effect immediately.

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take effect 生效;起作用

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International sanctions were beginning to take effect.

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国际制裁开始起作用了mii+Ay,|e9g

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The traffic laws don't take effect until the end of the year.

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交通法要到年底才生效Z4;gYby1*o6

参考译文

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反击!中国对美国产品加征进口税

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为了回应美国近期的贸易政策,中国对价值30亿美元的美国产品加征关税kmL,6O*6QWeck2Sc

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中国政府对包括猪肉、水果和其他等100多种商品设置了关税oDDqpc!gAMF8)]a)!TW7。这些措施将立即生效bDbonMEh!u

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中国财政部表示,此举是对美国3月份宣布对钢铁和铝产品征收关税的回应r#iuumSr)2J&F]4C@[

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中国的最新举措加剧了美国、欧洲和日本在内的复杂的贸易紧张局势uD_iuEohyH1@。他们称,中国政府不公平地扶持一些公司n8Z+B*Lkt6j7y。这种“补贴式”扶持使中国的出口成本更低并且不公平竞争*@ulLir4*=Tkg#[&i

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该组织还表示,对中国企业进行国家扶持违反了在世贸组织规则下对中国的要求eMPCid_6!z@tk

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反击!中国对美国产品加征进口税.jpg

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外国政府也反对中国要求国外汽车制造商等公司与本国国营企业合作的政策XLDg)zDjKEfA*|PF。该政策意味着,在中国拓展业务必须与潜在的竞争对手分享技术F_#M0YnS|)4M

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上个月,美国官员表示,中国制造电动汽车、机器人等其他高科技产品的计划是一项“大问题2WEP.qyrd=iViDQVC6。”商业组织表示,这项《中国制造2025》的计划将阻碍国外的这些行业在中国国内进行竞争@qGGyC7I9qch_e5P@T

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3月20日,中国国务院总理李克强承诺不会强制要求技术转让U@7ysn-jgzMq_;a#。中国官员否认要求外国公司转让技术Ile[YXms[Kpk[gd。这导致一些公司拿不准政策是否生变emU8,r*q3F)=_

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对进一步贸易行为的担忧

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专家表示,中国对美国商品征收的新关税可能成效有限1P0y1U0If(vA=c&dL2yk。然而,多数金融业人士担心发生贸易战oIt!++g92HuZrsOZ。在这种情况下,各国将出台进口税应对新关税,设置新的贸易壁垒Ge,!ODj@I6M#.)NA

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周一,东京、上海和纽约的股市均有所下跌(W083c_Y@,a==w=l+2

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经济学家Taimur Baig在总部位于新加坡的星展银行任职mXij=nkW(BiR。他对美联社表示,关税意味着“最不受欢迎的发展趋势——各国开始成为贸易保护主义者MUb1Z,5HL(Sc]VTV。”但是,他表示,与从美国进口的商品相比,中国最新的关税有些“微不足道”-OQS~l5b_1JUIZVg|yVJ

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然而,周一宣布的新关税或针对2016年投票支持特朗普总统的各个州,其中多数为农业州G],)Z!vgyhCQv

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中国对美国猪肉产品和废铝加征25%的关税dzn(&d70UFd0k9G。此外,还对部分葡萄酒以及石油和天然气公司使用的钢管,还有苹果、核桃和葡萄等多种农产品加征15%的关税2P5*f@v9VjCgvtdeGS

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尚不清楚中国是否豁免华资企业史密斯菲尔德食品公司,这是美国最大的猪肉生产商yE-E0=&1Yh=bha。2017年,中国进口了约11亿美元的猪肉产品5BkPV.K_Y0TJ

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专家们对中国对美出口的新一轮拟议关税表示担忧GyNk#au|Tw14GCPeWn。特朗普政府3月份曾宣布正准备一份可能面临关税的产品清单L^bX;&09&Ac1。据美联社报道,政府官员已经确定了价值480亿美元的1000多种进口商品可能面临额外关税+;hn9U|rAtpU

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特朗普承诺,将减少美国对中国的贸易逆差,2017年的贸易逆差为3750亿美元nIRynrr4ZSSF)C。特朗普表示,他要求中国设法将贸易逆差减少1000亿美元SJZDnSjHD.yTLK#4I)v~

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周一,白宫发言人桑德斯在《福克斯之友》上表示,总统特朗普打算反击,他会反击的rpTo)suCZDbrH0-5ygT8

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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