VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):3D打印房屋:一天内完工
日期:2018-04-02 17:19

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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3D Printer Can Create Complete Home in One Day

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An American company says it has completed the first permitted 3D printed home in the United States.

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The home was shown to reporters and visitors at the South by Southwest technology conference and music festival. The event took place earlier this month in Austin, Texas.

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Building company ICON has developed large 3D printers that build homes with mortar, a hard and strong material. ICON uses robotics, computer software programs and advanced materials to make houses.

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Jason Ballard is the company's co-founder.

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"So I'm standing in front of the first permitted 3D-printed home in America. This house was actually printed in high winds, blowing dust and rain."

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It is important for the printing process to operate in extreme conditions, such as weather disasters. The goal is to print homes in developing countries.

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ICON's 3-D printer is made of lightweight aluminum, and measures 4.5-meters tall by 9 meters wide. The homes are printed on-site, so the equipment has to be light enough to move from one property to the next.

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Ballard imagines that someday, many 3-D printers will operate around the world to make homes. "It's actually a lot more simple to build a printer than it is to build a house," he said.

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"We ran this printer at about a quarter speed to print this house, and we were able to complete the house in less than 48 hours of print time."

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Ballard says that at full speed, the printing process could take as little as 12 hours.

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ICON has teamed up with a not-for-profit group called New Story. Together, they are attempting to help provide a quick, cheap housing solution for the millions of people who need it most.

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Brett Hagler is founder and chief executive officer of New Story.

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"The magnitude of the problem that we face is so big, it's about a billion people that don't have one of life's most basic human needs, and that's safe shelter."

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Hagler says his organization already works on housing needs with poor families in different areas. But he says that to really make a difference, the program will need to greatly expand.

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He added that since the 3D printing process is so much faster than traditional homebuilding, a whole community could be built in just a few months.

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"That has to come through significantly decreasing cost, increasing speed, while doing that without sacrificing quality."

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Hagler notes that a 3D printed home costs a lot less than a traditional home.

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"Traditional style, one of New Story's homes, is about $6,500 per home, right. We believe over time, we can get the new home below $4,000."

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The goal is to bring the new building technology to the world's poorest and underserved first.

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New Story is currently working with local nonprofits, governments and families to help raise money. It plans to start 3D printing homes in El Salvador later this year.

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I'm Bryan Lynn.

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重点解析

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1.less than 少于;低于

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The marriage had lasted for less than two years.

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这段婚姻维持了不到两年gfs8,e-l1kLGi6I

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2.raise money 募集资金

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From what I could gather, he was trying to raise money by organising festivals.

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据我所知,他想通过举办节庆活动来筹款^Fi%h.;Wd0

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3.Traditional style 传统风格

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The houses are all built in the traditional style.

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这些房子都是按照传统风格建造的rjKYM-W_fU@vEh1;7

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4.come through 经历;安全度过

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He's too old to come through a fall like that.

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他年纪太大,经不起那么摔一跤QMC~v*Ak*,q

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5.The event took place earlier this month in Austin, Texas.

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took place 发生;举行

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Another dust-up took place in the teahouse.

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茶馆里又发生了一场打斗@5P^WGDWL;ldbJ%DQHTE

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We have incontrovertible evidence of what took place.

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我们有确凿无疑的证据证明到底发生了什么DVDF&Fn)4b9Vew9Gg

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6.But he says that to really make a difference, the program will need to greatly expand.

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make a difference 有影响;起作用

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Whatever you choose to do, it will make a difference.

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无论你选择做什么,他们都会产生一定的影响ea~#chVSXQ

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We want to engage with people and get them to feel that they can actually make a difference.

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我们想要吸引别人的注意,想要让他们感觉到实际上他们起着重要的作用1s=g,BZ+cb&

参考译文

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3D打印房屋:一天内完工

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美国一家公司称,已经建造出首个允许投入使用的3D打印房屋F#s^B%..,PV

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在西南偏南科技大会和音乐节上,游客和记者参观了这栋参展房屋LJJFkIEz37Vdr%|。该活动于本月初在德克萨斯州的奥斯汀举行!%.OG,iV=(UFT2WaS

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这家名为ICON的建筑公司研发出一款大型3D打印机,它可以用砂浆建造房屋,砂浆是一种坚硬且稳固的材料g5NdXg2b!dNq6T8。ICON使用机器人技术、计算机软件程序和先进材料来建造房屋gn7h[zknSZs|MX

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杰森·巴拉德(Jason Ballard)是该公司的联合创始人6Y&DD_;FeFzuz2

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“所以,我站在美国首个允许投入使用的3D打印房屋前8o#r(W_I5qJa1。打印这栋房屋时刮着强风、尘土飞扬还下着雨#ay~oYC6Oio,!L5i!。”

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在气象灾害等极端天气下进行打印过程十分重要3[Ttqu]CqqEDyd#0N7H。我们的目标是在发展中国家打印房屋]0DrGF,P@B

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ICON公司的3D打印机由轻质铝制成,高4.5米,宽9米PB#jtVWEIn^c3。打印房屋都是在现场进行的,因此设备必须足够轻便,方便四处移动=bvdVNH_FcN

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3D打印房屋:一天内完工.jpg

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巴拉德设想,制造房屋的3D打印机未来能够在全球开工*73HG!Yg@z~2=t.。他表示:“打造一台打印机比建造一栋房子简单得多FXyIltHJDikxYqi。”

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“打印这栋房屋时,我们以大约四分之一的速度运行这台机器,而且我们在48小时内完成了打印lGO3E0it@Z。”

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巴拉德表示,在全速的情况下,打印房屋可能只需要12个小时5+g.Th;UV.44H

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ICON与公益组织New Story进行合作SX82Vo+epO!7D5。他们合力为数百万名急需这类房屋的人提供快捷、廉价的住房解决方案[evybYL.+boIV

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布雷特·哈格勒(Brett Hagler)是New Story的创始人兼首席执行官q0TT]xc3^Ad.W6R.6%

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“我们所面临的问题十分严重,约10亿人尚未解决最基本的人类需求之一——安全的避难所nCB~ZW##37YMo。”

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哈格勒称,他的组织已经在不同地区为贫困家庭解决了住房需求PJK9QQ9X0=P=;j^5W

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但他指出,想要真正地发挥作用,这个项目还得大力推广0RqN2lWb,p~FfwS

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他补充说,由于3D打印过程比传统房屋建造速度迅速,数月内即可打造一个完整社区e5#QX%Wx#!tIbSm

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“实现这一目标必须大幅度降低成本,提高速度,同时不还要保证质量nu-bv2Vx*S(|fG8l[-X。”

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哈格勒指出,3D打印房屋的成本远低于传统的房屋X^pMQ8*[gE4m-C.FTQ=j

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“New Story的一种传统风格房屋约每套6500美元g4a406DKl,。我们认为,日后可逐渐把房屋价格降至4000美元以下,wlU#d)ni2。”他们的目标是将这一建筑技术推广至全球最贫穷和服务水平落后的国家FWh.E%W=wyxb*G93dT

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New Story目前正与当地的非营利组织、政府和家庭合作筹集资金,;x5g6ETOu。他们计划今年晚些时候在萨尔瓦多建造3D打印房屋PLM^khIVZC%FeXL

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布莱恩·林恩为您播报sUwdH(K-k2jxW6

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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