科学美国人60秒:座头鲸鳍的神奇之处
日期:2018-04-06 11:52

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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This is Scientific American — 60-Second Science. I'm Emily Schwing.
"Whales move by beating their tails."
Paolo Segre is a postdoctoral researcher at Stanford.
"And they've got these large muscular tails, which they can move and that's what powers them forward. And they use their flippers, sort of extended out to the side, to maneuver."
He and colleagues actually affixed cameras onto humpback whales, in the hope of learning more about how they move in their marine habitat. And those cameras caught a glimpse of something completely unexpected.
"We basically got video evidence of whales actually flapping their flippers, much like a bird flaps its wings, in order to power their forward swimming."
Segre calls the discovery "novel". Which is science-speak for never-before-noted. The flipper-powered push may come in handy especially when the whales engage in lunge-feeding—opening their giant mouths, then quickly moving forward to take in hundreds of gallons of water and its edible contents.

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座头鲸.jpg
"Most of what we used to know about whales was from the whaling industry, from dissections of whales that washed up on shore, or from those brief glimpses that we got when we were sitting on a boat and see them surface while they're breathing."
The findings are in the journal Current Biology.
Segre says the newly discovered propulsion method is likely unique to the humpback whale, which is known for its very long and extremely mobile flippers. The finding might even lead to some real-world applications among us humans.
"But I think where this could be really interesting is actually with inspiring different shapes and movements of propellers or wind turbines...that's the type of place that we could look for if we really want to see how moving flippers could translate to something, to an engineering purpose."
Turns out the humpback's flippers tell their own unique tale.
Thanks for listening for Scientific American — 60-Second Science. I'm Emily Schwing.

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参考译文

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这里是科学美国人——60秒科学qm3L2zYQQt)w*bQO,GcE。我是埃米莉·施温9)0z*Ep&aTe
“鲸鱼通过拍打尾巴来移动PM8=FIqA%!we^W。”
斯坦福大学的博士后研究员保罗·塞格雷说道hcKrwu*dK|zkel)N~CRg
“鲸鱼巨大又强健的尾巴为它们提供向前移动的动力7)DZ_o;IiaEV2uX~&。鲸鱼利用从身体两侧伸出的鱼鳍来操控移动方向oHv2p2s)LQq[c。”
塞格雷和同事在座头鲸身上安装了摄像机,希望对座头鲸在海洋栖息地中的移动方式有更多了解Xi^ZqP%5iKO%hG8h]vR。这些摄像头捕捉到了一些完全出乎意料的画面-f]uMsqL)EM
“基本上来说,我们拍到了视频证据,证明鲸鱼像鸟类挥动翅膀一样拍打鱼鳍,为向前游动提供动力Se___B3PtVCh1CnEP5。”
塞格雷称这一发现“很新奇”DFz&3^1.u|hIC。这是以前从未被注意到的科学说法nl.S4d|!jd*%hI9ZBc。这种以鳍为动力的推进方法可能会派上用场,尤其是鲸鱼在猛扑进食时,即张开大嘴,然后快速向前猛冲,将数百加仑水和食物吞入腹中eZrMLKR9KpB|Ten1~dbG
“我们过去对鲸鱼的了解大多来自捕鲸业,或对被冲上岸的鲸鱼进行解剖分析,又或者是我们坐在船上看到鲸鱼浮出海面换气时的短短一瞥=V=gpHrOV9ngU
这项研究结果发表在《当代生物学》期刊上x.#kb*Mh]E
塞格雷表示,新发现的推进方式很可能是座头鲸所独有的,座头鲸以其极长且极为灵活的鳍而闻名nmEamKFM22]#omm。这一发现甚至可能会激发人类使用的现实应用]s|p,O_ESaav5X9-EwtZ
“但是我认为,该发现真正有趣的地方在于,它可以激发人们制造出多种形状和运作模式的螺旋桨或风力涡轮机,如果我们真的想了解移动的鱼鳍转化成某物的方式,并达成工程学目的,那就是我们可以探索的地方0B,_*#npZxyiy。”
事实证明,座头鲸的鳍是在讲述自己独特的故事iMc@CR1*IQ
谢谢大家收听科学美国人——60秒科学2e2j|yx1,|9F-]Ays。我是埃米莉·施温R14KYXZN_;PB6

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点讲解

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重点讲解:
1. in the hope of 怀着(…发生的)希望;
例句:He was studying in the hope of being admitted to an engineering college.
他努力学习,希望能被一所工程学院录取y;]=738^HxkrFn;V9]S
2. come in handy 派上用场;
例句:That key will come in handy if you lock yourself out.
要是你把自己锁在了屋外,那把钥匙就派上用场了-.R^N!2Gl5#.a87,T2r
3. engage in 参与;从事;
例句:Students engage in extensive written and oral communication exercises.
学生需要进行大量的书写和口头表达的练习ih[,(RK!pASfVW1V!]Cy
4. lead to 招致;致使;导致;
例句:All this creativity does not always lead to culinary delights or sustainable sales.
这些创意并不总是能够带来味觉享受或是可持续销售#YVPsw4&rFH*qAsHV

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重点单词
  • engagev. 答应,预定,使忙碌,雇佣,订婚
  • extensiveadj. 广泛的,广阔的,广大的
  • uniqueadj. 独一无二的,独特的,稀罕的
  • whalen. 鲸 vi. 捕鲸 v. 鞭打,打击,打败
  • extendedadj. 延续的,广大的,扩大范围的 动词extend的
  • inspiringadj. 令人振奋的,激励人的,鼓舞人心的
  • extremelyadv. 极其,非常
  • muscularadj. 肌肉的,肌肉发达的
  • communicationn. 沟通,交流,通讯,传达,通信
  • evidencen. 根据,证据 v. 证实,证明