VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):用水紧缺成全球性问题
日期:2018-03-24 09:46

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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A Brazilian official says water restrictions in Brasilia will end by December, when an expanded supply system will be completed.
United Nations officials say Brasilia, the capital of Brazil, is one of a growing number of cities with water shortages.
A U.N. report says water is in demand around the world as temperatures on Earth's surface rise and demand grows along with populations.
The report was released this week at the World Water Forum in Brasilia. The conference has been described as the world's largest water-related event.
Federal District Governor Rodrigo Rollemberg spoke at a panel discussion on Tuesday at the forum. He described water shortages as a worldwide problem.
Here in Brasilia, it is no different, he added.
The public water supply has less water because of low rainfall as well as fast and disorderly growth in Brasilia, which is part of the Federal District, Rollemberg said.
In January 2016, after three years of little rain, district officials began limiting how much water people could use.
The governments of the Federal District and the nearby state of Goias also gave $166 million to develop water infrastructure.
When work is completed, the expanded water supply will provide 2,800 liters of water per second to the Federal District's 3 million people, and the same amount to Goias, said Rollemberg.
About 16 percent of Brazil's 5,570 cities have water problems, the federal government said.
Demand around the world is expected to increase by nearly one-third by 2050. By then, 5 billion people could be left with poor access to water, the U.N. warned in its 2018 World Water Development Report.
To avoid such a crisis, U.N. officials called for "nature-based solutions" that use or copy natural processes that should be used to increase water availability. They said solutions could include changing farming methods so fields keep more moisture and nutrients, collecting rainwater, and protecting wetlands. The officials also proposed reestablishing floodplains and said that plants could be grown on housetops.
Such proposals will become more important as water industries grow.
By 2025, the worldwide demand for agriculture is expected to rise by about 60 percent, and energy production by around 80 percent, the report also said.
I'm Susan Shand.

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重点解析

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1.because of 因为,由于

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His business went under because of competition from the large corporations.
由于大公司的竞争,他的生意陷入了困境ns.^!T=5770J=bKqw

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2.as well as 以及,也,和

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She can play tennis as well as basketball.
她也会打篮球,也会打网球3aO0j@QuxXC&y

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3.begin doing sth 开始做某事

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Begin doing what you want to do now.
现在就做你想做的事情吧Hbkmav9cXz-b;9U_-

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4.be expected to do sth 预计做某事

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Traffic is expected to be resumed shortly.
预期很快能恢复交通|=V3Gm#0mLCK0&

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5....as temperatures on Earth's surface rise and demand grows along with populations.

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along with 和,与,伴随

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He came along with some friends.
他和几个朋友一道来的bogLd*9|BAH_i

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Take the letters along with the newspapers.
把信连同报纸一起带去lfry0+4|2,r2%k

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6.Here in Brasilia, it is no different, he added.

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no different 没什么不同

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My kids are no different, but as a dad I try to limit this kind of passive entertainment.
我的孩子们没有什么不同,但是作为父亲,我设法来削减这种被动娱乐的时间EXUNNw.UyyJ5jhKype,*

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No different from anywhere else. I find if you give money with one finger up, whatever the cultural etiquette, it will be snapped out of your hands.
和其他地方没有什么不同4jKGxp|e7gmlFk。我发现,如果你竖起一个指头给别人钱,无论什么文化的礼节,你的手都将被打断L=xcDu,0#;)cfk^~OD

参考译文
某巴西官员表示,巴西利亚的用水限制将在12月之前取消,因为供水系统扩展工作已经完成LINI]em^cFcr7Ef,m9
一些联合国官员表示,巴西有越来越多的城市存在用水紧缺的情况,而首都巴西利亚就是其中的一个qNI&_yt*&_=wRK^Ia0xM
一份联合国报告指出,水资源是当前全球的紧俏资源,因为地球表面温度上升,需求也随着人口数量的增长而上升(Wz]~L@4q~9sFZe+WG
这份报告是本周在巴西利亚的世界水资源协会上发布的#c.8yJG-0Q8。这次会议是世界最大的水资源相关会议)f#[Li-S87qrA^Q
联邦区总督罗德里戈(Rodrigo Rollemberg)在周二这次论坛的一个专题讨论会上进行了讲话o8@1fvr0M8honCy^。他认为,水资源紧缺是全球性问题B6^Q_K.~(88


他补充说,巴西利亚也不例外Os|OcTi9Izq]n__1T
公共供水系统的水越来越少,因为降水量太少,而且巴西利亚发展太快而又不杂乱无章,而巴西利亚是联邦区下属的市,罗德里戈如是说道GOFju3ixn*IZG&
2016年11月,在经历了3年的干旱后,当地官员开始限制人们的用水量)DK;8lpLS&gY,*rsb+UW
联邦区政府以及附近的戈亚斯州还捐助了1.66亿美元,用于水利基建xrSmopEvNj-dO4
竣工后,经过扩展的供水系统每秒可分别向联邦区300万人民以及戈亚斯州提供2800升水,罗德里戈这样说道twhEo4IMk=.N
巴西5570个城市中有16%的城市有水资源紧缺的问题,联邦政府这样表示S~,bM%X+6mOG5-
2050年之前,全球的用水需求预计增长近1/34965hU_nIR9J_&sO3。到那时,50亿人几乎没有任何水资源可用,这是联合国在其2018年《世界水资源开发报告》中警示的一点AZsvs=;-,v5yPzl;
为了避免这种危机,联合国官员呼吁“以自然为基准的解决方案”,使用或者复制自然流程,这是提升水资源可用性应该采用的方式f@;a2DOk%L+wIV]F,u。他们认为,解决方案应该包括改变务农的方式,这样的话,土壤可以保持更多水分和营养,收集更多的雨水,并起到保护湿地的作用G],F)~p,Rp。这些官员还提出重建泛滥平原,并表示植被也可以种在屋顶FN*Q)k!0gC0nx*O
他们的提案随着水工业的发展而变得更加重要2(g;CIexSG
2025年之前,全球对农业的需求预计上涨近60%,对能源生产的需求将上涨近80%,这份报告也这样提到.%3Lhp|%V@qS
苏珊 尚德(Susan Shand)为您播报+yZAk18ESKymK

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • availabilityn. 有效,有用,有益;可得到的人(或物)
  • competitionn. 比赛,竞争,竞赛
  • supplyn. 补给,供给,供应,贮备 vt. 补给,供给,提供,
  • districtn. 区,地区,行政区 vt. 把 ... 划分成区
  • etiquetten. 礼仪,礼节,成规
  • entertainmentn. 娱乐
  • disorderlyadj. 混乱的,无秩序的;骚乱的;无法无天的 adv.
  • resumedn. 履历;个人简历;摘要 vt. 重新开始;重新获得
  • avoidvt. 避免,逃避
  • conferencen. 会议,会谈,讨论会,协商会