VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):贸易战!美国对华600亿美元商品征收关税
日期:2018-03-23 16:36

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US Announces Billions of Dollars in new Import Taxes on China

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United States President Donald Trump has signed an order calling for up to $60 billion in new tariffs on Chinese imports.

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The order seeks to punish China for, in his words, the theft of American "intellectual property," including inventions and research. The action also calls for restrictions on the transfer of technology to China.

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Robert Lighthizer is the U.S. Trade Representative. He said that intellectual property is an important part of the trade problem with China.

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"Our view is that we have a very serious problem of losing our intellectual property which is really the biggest single advantage of the American economy, in my opinion, is our intellectual property and our ability to generate new intellectual property."

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Trump blamed the trade imbalance between the two countries for the loss of American jobs. He said, "It is the largest deficit of any country in the history of our world."

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China's trade surplus with the U.S. last year was about $375 billion. Trump said that with the increased tariffs he hopes to cut the trade deficit with China by $100 billion.

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The administration said the president will direct the U.S. trade office to publish a list of proposed tariffs for public comment within 15 days. The Treasury Department will also come up with a list of restrictions on Chinese investment.

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Ahead of Trump's announcement, China warned that it will take "all necessary measures" to defend itself. The actions raised the possibility of a trade war between the two biggest economies and sent global stock markets lower.

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China reacts

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Chinese officials say the U.S. trade deficit with China is the result of U.S. trade policy. Chinese officials note that the U.S. bars the export of many high-technology products.

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Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said the products traded have unequal values.

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She said, "How many soybeans should China buy that are equal to one Boeing aircraft? Or, if China buys a certain number of Boeing aircraft should the U.S. buy an equal number of C919s (Chinese aircraft)?"

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U.S. agriculture exports to China are almost $20 billion. Most of that number is shipments of soybean. If China were to target soybeans, it would hurt farm states like Iowa, the home state of U.S. Ambassador to China, Terry Branstad.

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Boeing has said it expects China to buy aircraft worth $1.1 trillion by 2036. But China is also developing its own C919 passenger plane.

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The Chinese foreign ministry added that it hopes to hold useful talks with the U.S. Hua said the goal is to reach what she called "a win-win solution" to settle trade issues.

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Concerns over a trade war increase

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Mary Lovely is an expert at the Peterson Institute for International Economics. She told the AP the possible tariffs are "a very big deal." She said, "The Chinese see them as a major threat and do not want a costly trade war."

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American businesses, including Walmart, Apple and other technology companies, also oppose a trade war. Forty-five American trade associations warned that tariffs will raise the price of goods for Americans, hurt jobs and financial markets.

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Scott Kennedy is with the Centers for Strategic and International Studies in Washington. He told VOA, over the short-term, that is true. But, if such a policy could get China to reduce its barriers to trade, American buyers and businesses would gain while increased trade would also be good for China.

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Trump said Thursday's action would be "one of many." The U.S. recently placed tariffs of 25 percent on steel and 10 percent on aluminum imports. Some countries, including Canada and Mexico, are not subject to the new taxes.

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I'm Mario Ritter.

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重点解析

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1.intellectual property 知识产权

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There was a significant decline in the size of the business as the company transitioned to an intellectual property company.

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随着公司向知识产权公司转型,其业务规模显著下降5DJb+Z8=3GlYXK(c

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2.financial markets 金融市场

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The financial markets have given the thumbs up to the new policy.

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金融市场已经接受了新政策.dj%Qf(kpS!5Qc

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3.be equal to 与...对等

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As a hub of finance and communications, Paris is now almost equal to London.

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作为一个金融和交通中心,巴黎现在几乎可媲美伦敦X=2xL0z7%!C_R@

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4.stock markets 股票市场

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In the rich world, collapsing stock markets and corporate scandals have shaken confidence and mutual trust.

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在发达国家,股市崩溃和公司丑闻动摇了人们的信心和相互信任|wz1De7!~a|Q

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5.In my opinion, is our intellectual property and our ability to generate new intellectual property."

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In one's opinion 在某人看来

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I have personally never done such a complete turnaround in my opinion of a person.*XLc(wyc[C7wVQ3yw1f

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我个人在对人的评价上从没有过如此彻底的转变Xp2Rz[itl[N

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In my opinion, the decision was wholly justified.

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我认为,这个决定完全合理ITOm[!gs0fiM+V

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6.She told the AP the possible tariffs are "a very big deal."

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a very big deal 事关重大;了不起

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Sam thinks he's a very big deal since he got the promotion.

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晋升之后,萨姆以为自己是什么了不起的大人物了|e*dWS97u=dwghT

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We are getting ready to blow a very big deal.

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我们就要签署一份重要和约q=u+e_4TkY

参考译文

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贸易战!美国对华600亿美元商品征收关税

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美国总统特朗普签署了一项命令,要求对中国进口产品征收高达600亿美元的关税B9sKgCtA;Ab

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按照特朗普的说法,该命令旨在惩罚中国窃取了美国的发明和研究等“知识产权”,HlKPQf|sT,iE。该举措还要求限制向中国转让技术Sg8ytY@eG)

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罗伯特·莱特希泽(Robert Lighthizer)是美国贸易代表hCC*[Wvws6nN#5v@。他说,知识产权是与中国贸易问题的重要部分~d!&KpMSZ-P*Pn^Ufaz

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他说:“我们认为,美国在知识产权方面的损失非常严重,而知识产权是美国经济最大的单一优势Q|+lh2ANqQLIJS。在我看来,这是指我们的知识产权和创造新知识产权的能力lTzha&g@]IF9Xsd~。”

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特朗普指责,中美之间的贸易不平衡导致美国人失业#L63U2TXeA。他说,“这是全球历史上任何国家所面临的最大赤字Q!Yi&VQ+dUJE_YlCw|。”

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去年,中国对美国的贸易顺差为3750亿美元n#X(iUS5gRBIDx.]p(3。特朗普表示,随着关税的提高,他希望能将对华贸易逆差减少1000亿美元JBIHvjxq[6c

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美国宣布对华征收600亿美元关税.jpg

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美国政府表示,特朗普总统将指示美国贸易办公室在15天内公布一份拟征收关税名单,征询民众意见)oQBWJAzvPRWGr=i]wT=。美国财政部还将列出一份限制中国投资的清单;%hD4sEgvk^~3v4~gG.

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中国在特朗普政府宣布该决定前曾警告称,将采取“一切必要措施”保护自身利益U]~ZhEoAprvO+2eik4Lg。此举增加了这两个最大经济体之间贸易战的可能性,并将导致全球股市下跌WqQhDrDHE93Q1

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中国的回应

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中国官员表示,美国对华的贸易逆差是美国贸易政策的结果]0Vl*irQn&]MCJO。中国官员指出,美国禁止对华出口诸多高科技产品L;c&L_85+ScRf9

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中国外交部发言人华春莹(Hua Chunying)表示,中美两国交易的产品价值不对等_Lw~ZuKV|wEm8C

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她说:“中国要买多少大豆才能抵的起一架波音飞机?或者说,中国买多少架波音飞机,美国就应该购买相同数量的C919(中国飞机)吗?”

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美国对华农业出口接近200亿美元);]-so4]5,.6B8。其中大部分是大豆的出口zo!sT2;VI6Pr.g。如果中国把大豆作为管制目标,将会伤害到爱荷华等农业州的利益,爱荷华州是美国驻中国大使特里·布兰斯塔德(Terry Branstad)的故乡]gj8S=jc=!&_KADu,%u

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波音公司表示,希望中国在2036年前购买价值1.1万亿美元的飞机R).Q-9Z;xU。不过,中国也正在开发国产的C919客机W#(%Zm6_vJ+MUu#E.Yc

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中国外交部补充说,中国希望与美国进行有益处的交流!&fs2I4Wr%。华春莹表示,我们的目标是达成所谓的“双赢方案”来解决贸易问题F^Rlt-3PMGMC

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对贸易战的担忧加剧

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玛丽·拉夫利(Mary Lovely)是彼得森国际经济研究所的专家e7x[;*gG(c8。她对美联社表示,征收这笔可能的关税“事关重大(B[L9QDV.r2oQckVNcu。”她说,“中国视其为一项重大威胁,也不想引发代价巨大的贸易战lj&j()Axv@sQF,;QU=W。”

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美国企业沃尔玛、苹果等科技公司也纷纷反对贸易战JbGT+Z&@gY。45家美国贸易协会警告称,关税将会提高美国商品的价格,损害就业和金融市场][r+kZ^ecw@,V

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斯科特·肯尼迪(Scott Kennedy)就职于华盛顿战略与国际研究中心%u%GOvxu~-j(&IKAn*。他对美国之音表示,短期来看,这是不争的事实.X#^m7B%;b。但这类政策若能让中国减少贸易壁垒,那么美国消费者和企业将会获益,而增加贸易也会对中国有利t771V7EkS^nit

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特朗普表示,周四的命令只是众多举措之一t*_|9gTKW(,JAb8k。近日,美国决定对进口钢铁、铝制品征收25%和10%的关税;7oqGJ)pu|%ib6ccE*。而加拿大和墨西哥等国家不在这种新税种的征收范围内-z]RC#+o0*svs#B[CumA

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马里奥·里特为您播报6J@Ef7#=EI5+xzn8M

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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