Finland Named World’s Happiest Country
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Finland is the world's happiest country.
The World Happiness Report, published Wednesday, studied the happiness levels of 156 countries. It considered factors such as life expectancy, social support and corruption in its examination.
Finland pushed last year's happiest country, Norway, to second place. The other three Nordic countries, Denmark, Sweden and Iceland also made the top ten. They are joined by Switzerland, The Netherlands, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia complete.
The United States fell to 18th place. It came in 14th in the 2017 report.
For the first time, the report also ranked 117 countries by the happiness and well-being of their foreign-born immigrants. Finland placed first in that group, as well. In fact, the study found that highly ranked countries in overall happiness had similarly happy immigrant populations.
John Helliwell is an editor of the 2018 World Happiness Report. He said the study shows that a population's happiness seems contagious. In other words, it spreads. He called that the "most striking finding" of the report.
"Those who move to happier countries gain, while those who move to less happy countries lose," Helliwell said.
Finland is a nation of 5.5 million people. It has about 300,000 foreigners. Its largest immigrant groups come from other European countries. But there are also small communities from Afghanistan, China, Iraq and Somalia.
Meik Wiking is chief of the Happiness Research Institute, based in Denmark's capital, Copenhagen. He said that Nordic countries almost always rank near the top of the happiness report. He said they are, in his word, "doing something right in terms of creating good conditions for good lives."
He said the findings on the happiness of immigrants, "shows the conditions that we live under matter greatly to our quality of life, that happiness is not only a matter of choice."
The United States ranked 11th in the first World Happiness report, released in 2012. It has never been in the top 10.
The report noted several reasons for its falling position. It said the United States is in the middle of "a complex and worsening public health crisis, involving...obesity, opioid addiction and major depressive disorder."
It added that the "sociopolitical system" in the U.S. produces more income inequality -- a major reason for unhappiness -- than other countries with similarly high-income levels.
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1.social support 社会支持
Relief of social pressure needs the assistance of social support system.
2.income inequality 收入不平等
Mexican and Korean voters are unhappy about income inequality and corruption.
3.public health 公共卫生
We have an urgent front-burner public health problem.
4.move to 移居；搬往
I hear she's going to sell out and move to the city.
5.He said they are, in his word, "doing something right in terms of creating good conditions for good lives."
in terms of 依据；按照
They have found that, in terms of both salary and career success, the sky is the limit.
There is a convergence between capitalist firms and co-operatives in terms of business strategy.
6.For the first time, the report also ranked 117 countries by the happiness and well-being of their foreign-born immigrants.
For the first time 首次
Streams had run dry for the first time in memory.
For the first time in my career, I was failing.
去年幸福指数最高的挪威被芬兰挤下“神坛”。另外，丹麦、瑞典、冰岛三个北欧国家也跻身前十名 。前十名还包括瑞士、荷兰、加拿大、新西兰和澳大利亚 。
该报告首次根据外籍居民的幸福指数对117个国家进行了排名。在此情况下，芬兰依然占据第一位 。此外，该研究还发现，总体幸福指数排名靠前的国家均有相似的幸福移民群体 。
约翰·利维尔（John Helliwell）是《2018世界幸福指数报告》的编辑。他表示，该研究表明，某个群体的快乐似乎具备“传染性” 。换言之，幸福是可以传播的 。利维尔认为，该现象是报告中“最为惊人的发现 。”
芬兰拥有550万人口，其中约30万人是外籍人士。该国最庞大的移民群体来自欧洲的其他国家 。还有来自阿富汗、中国、伊拉克、索马里的一些较小的社群 。
迈克·维金（Meik Wiking）是丹麦首都哥本哈根幸福研究机构的负责人。他表示，北欧国家基本包揽了《幸福指数报告》的前几位 。他的原话是，北欧人民在“为美好生活创造良好条件方面做出了正确的选择 。”