VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):爱尔兰庆祝圣帕特里克节
日期:2018-03-19 00:07

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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On March 17, people around the world celebrate the Irish holiday of Saint Patrick's Day.
It is a major holiday in Ireland, but the rest of the world has influenced its celebration as much as the Irish themselves.
Most Americans think of Saint Patrick's Day as a big party centered around drinking alcohol. But its beginnings in Ireland were religious, says Mike Cronin, a professor of Irish history with Boston College of Massachusetts.
Ireland is a mostly Roman Catholic country. Saint Patrick lived in Ireland more than 2,000 years ago. He is widely considered to have established Christianity in the country.
The Church honored him with a holy day in the 17th century. March 17 marks the date of his death.
St. Patrick, a Briton reportedly, is believed to have served in Ireland as a Catholic Bishop. One traditional story says that St. Patrick drove all the snakes out of Ireland.
The average Irish person honored March 17 quietly. Attending church services was the main activity. In fact, most businesses that served alcohol would close in honor of the day.
In the early 1900s, Ireland's government made St. Patrick's Day an official holiday. By the 1960s, towns across Ireland started celebrating the holiday with parades and music. In Ireland today, St. Patrick's Day is a four-day public celebration that includes parades, music, food, and games.
For Irish people living outside Ireland, Saint Patrick's Day became a chance to celebrate their Irish identity and culture.
It's very much a day by which the Irish put themselves center stage, Cronin said.
Now, countries and cities around the world celebrate March 17 in creative ways.
Many countries hold Saint Patrick's Day parades. Famous monuments, including the Great Wall of China, the Colosseum in Rome, the Niagara Falls, and the Gateway of India in Mumbai will all be colored by green light for the day.
The U.S. is especially famous for its Saint Patrick's Day celebrations. Many cities with large ethnic Irish communities, like Boston, New York and Chicago, hold parades and parties. Cities will also color local rivers green for the day.
Ireland is known as the Emerald Isle. The country is covered in deep green grass.
Cronin says that the worldwide popularity of Saint Patrick's Day has helped the Irish government, which uses the holiday as a form of diplomacy.
So what you have is this quite remarkable day where literally over much of the globe, everybody, whether they're Irish or not, the one thing they do know is the 17th of March is Saint Patrick's Day. And for a small island of 4.5 to 5 million people it's quite remarkable that they have that kind of soft power.
However, Cronin says many modern Saint Patrick's Day traditions were invented by the Irish in America.
In the U.S. on Saint Patrick's Day, it is common for Americans to drink green beer or eat corned beef and cabbage.
However, Cronin, says, many of these traditions are not really Irish.
You could walk around the streets of Dublin all day and not find any corned beef and cabbage, he said.
Neil O'Flaherty, an Irish citizen now living in the U.S., agrees.
Growing up in a small town in Ireland, O'Flaherty remembers celebrating Saint Patrick's Day much differently than it is now.
Back then, for Catholic families, it was the day you had to go to church, you were required to go to Mass on that day. It had much more the feeling of a religious holiday than a public holiday.
He also remembers everyone wearing small, three-leaf plant pieces, called shamrocks.
O'Flaherty said that he was surprised to see how much Saint Patrick's Day in the U.S. has become linked to drinking lots of beer or other alcoholic drinks.
However, there are some Irish connections between drinking and Saint Patrick's Day.
One tradition that does come from Ireland is called drowning the shamrock. Cronin explains that this tradition involved taking the shamrock that people wore all day, and placing it in a glass of whiskey or beer before drinking it.
Professor Mike Cronin suggests it is not that important how people celebrate March 17. He calls Saint Patrick's Day "a day for everyone to be Irish."
I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.
And I'm Phil Dierking.

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重点解析

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1.come from 来自

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He's just come from the countryside.
他刚从乡下来,6Vcob3TG=Ac

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2.be famous for 因……而著名

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Switzerland is famous for its milk and cheese.
瑞士的牛奶和奶酪是非常出名的Z*lIQDlEon_u

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3.O'Flaherty said that he was surprised to see how much Saint Patrick's Day in the U.S. has become linked to drinking lots of beer or other alcoholic drinks.

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be surprised to do sth 惊讶做某事

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Tony brings Jamey to the secure room and she is surprised to see Nina alive.
托尼将杰米带到那间安全的房间,看到尼娜还活着,杰米很吃惊)~(-0Gx+[=e]
A few weeks later, Joe's former psychoanalyst meets his old client inthe supermarket, and is surprised to find him looking well-rested, energetic, and cheerful.
几个星期后,乔以前的心理医生在超市碰到了他的前病人,很惊讶地发现乔看起来休息充分,开朗而精力充沛kBPLtMn1)O^;mj^Zi%a[

参考译文

3月17日是全球人民庆祝爱尔兰圣帕特里克节的日子M&__1#sYztm+
这是爱尔兰的重要节日,但除了爱尔兰人民自己之外,世界上其他地方的人也影响着这个节日的庆祝方式uW;Bn9Lzwn#E@5HWxW&
很多美国人都视圣帕特里克节为以喝酒为主的大型派对T[%#[*Jo5S8[x。但一开始这个节日在爱尔兰源起却是因为宗教,马萨诸塞大学波士顿研究爱尔兰历史的教授迈克 克罗宁(Mike Cronin)如是说道Pb1T8j+2s=u]1#
爱尔兰人民基本上都信仰罗马天主教ieA^cdi0#y_。圣帕特里克2000多年前生活在爱尔兰)X!~%1(=xMTXvDe5atd。大家都认为是他创办了爱尔兰的基督教=|3=.zaijwq#
17世纪的时候,教堂为了纪念他,就设立了一个宗教节日oyi%%@_a^@=m~ULY&r。3月17日是他去世的日子5]j,@PYW_LEqK%
据一位英国人表示,圣帕特里克曾在爱尔兰担任过天主教的大主教w+Z;1&51Cj。有个古老的故事说圣帕特里克驱走了爱尔兰所有的蛇_;]giavX7dbnX)d0l8v
以前每到3月17日这天,每位爱尔兰人民都会默默地纪念他kPmOtLU8h,Dp0I]!gO。参加教堂的礼拜是那时候的主要活动kA,~Bb#3cx5Qs8。而且大多数供应酒类的企业都会关业一天,以纪念这天Ve*n,jQ|*[
20世纪初,爱尔兰政府将圣帕特里克日定为官方节假日]jw;+oldkHYAqh[N。直到20世纪60年代的时候,爱尔兰境内的所有城镇都开始用游行伴奏音乐的方式来庆祝这个节日_61PUne6fu,P)mr。在今天的爱尔兰,圣帕特里克节已演变为历时4天的公共庆祝日,庆祝方式包括列队游行,配以音乐、美食和游戏IyU(*N,2FlH85Iy#)6*
对于生活在爱尔兰之外的民众来说,圣帕特里克节成为了他们庆祝自己爱尔兰身份和爱尔兰文化的机会s!50+[p4Vh
克罗宁表示,每到了这个节日,爱尔兰人民就是舞台中央的焦点WKZ]3FcFR[URHHv
如今,全球的很多国家和城市都会以具有创意的方式来庆祝3月17日这一天)w2)~DH5+;V8,
很多国家都会在这一天进行列队游行B.~n^K%w#n!。包括中国长城、罗马圆形大剧场、尼亚加拉大瀑布、孟买印度门在内的著名遗迹都会为了这一天而布置绿光gE%pU@~FaX
美国尤以纪念圣帕特里克节的方式而闻名于世GETljmh4!^。很多有大量爱尔兰民族社群生活的城市,比如波士顿、纽约、芝加哥,都会列队游行并举行派对!!M6uoE!owFd-V~3&。很多城市还会为了这个节日而将当地的河流装点为绿色aD4KNpg&L,NQbg
爱尔兰以绿宝石岛而闻名遐迩nJbPPgpxV[bST,lXql。爱尔兰到处都是深绿色的草Cw*k61c7^Knq;jZ.
克罗宁表示,由于圣帕特里克节享誉世界,所以爱尔兰政府也可以将这个节日作为一种交际手段D_dN~8rH(VNs*
所以,圣帕特里克节是个举世瞩目的节日,基本上全球的每个地方、每个人,无论是否属于爱尔兰,都知道3月17日是圣帕特里克节1.wiYCb2QO1aL。对于一个只有450-500万人的小岛国来说,拥有如此强大的软实力是非常令人震惊的fWe|MSEQJB5(Gs7_MQ-.
不过,克罗宁也表示,很多现代的圣帕特里克节传统都是在美国生活的爱尔兰人发明的@(p#@bV5OAR(HW%sE
在美国,每到了这个节日,美国人都会喝生啤或者吃咸牛肉和卷心菜Hg^2~MsN]s69R)
不过,克罗宁表示,很多传统并不真的是爱尔兰人发明的S!VHHKEVm8a&;=^H


如果节日当天你一直在都柏林的大街小巷转悠的话,你可能找不到任何的咸牛肉以及卷洗菜,他如是说道O1Ks0Tg167,M+A%6pW
尼尔 弗莱厄蒂(Neil O'Flaherty)是居住在美国的一位爱尔兰市民,他对此表示赞同0GXuuV3!~iV(KDyMJM3v
弗莱厄蒂在爱尔兰的一个小镇出生,他至今依然记得如今庆祝圣帕特里克节的方式与以往有很大的不同C[o+IyF_T(
以前到了这一天,天主教家庭都必须去教堂,必须在那一天做弥撒PL*R_dZ3oku。这一天更像是宗教节日而非法定假期K33qMRHBoA4C.3C[-
而且他还记得,那时候每个人都会佩戴三叶草q&gNLM,CQ#eB&8BxO~#
弗莱厄蒂表示,他感到很惊讶,因为他发现美国庆祝圣帕特里克节的方式基本上就是喝啤酒或者其他酒~;uL;CbT|a@jzow
不过,对爱尔兰人来说,喝酒和圣帕特里克节之间也是有一定联系的pmN(g&z2@w*6
有个传统确实来自于爱尔兰,名作淹没三叶草v_d=HU!l#5。克罗宁解释说,这个传统将人们佩戴了一整天的三叶草拿下来,放在一杯威士忌或者啤酒里,然后饮尽]E2qVnc^7%S*7yE+
克罗宁教授表示,其实庆祝圣帕特里克节的方式并不那么重要%jYEj7z-!PgQG]N-。他将圣帕特里克节成为“每个人都可以成为爱尔兰人的一天91~7^MNs,l0s。”
凯利 让 凯利(Kelly Jean Kelly)为您播报]aO4x8[))ls
菲尔 德尔金(Phil Dierking)为您播报p.eeuvNwzzHdDi

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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