A new study suggests bones found on a Pacific Island in 1940 were likely those of famous American pilot Amelia Earhart.
If true, the findings would end a long debate over what happened to Earhart. She disappeared in 1937 over the southern Pacific Ocean. At the time, Earhart was attempting to become the first woman to fly around the world. She was 39 years old.
Her navigator, Fred Noonan, was also on the plane that disappeared.
In 1940, a group of bones was discovered on the Pacific island of Nikumaroro. Some believed the bones belonged to Earhart. But a scientist who took measurements at the time concluded that they belonged to a man who did not match the description of Noonan.
The bones were later lost. All that survived were seven measurements. They showed the size of the skull and of bones from the arm and leg.
In 2015, researchers completed a new analysis based on the measurements. Those researchers said their findings confirmed the earlier conclusion – the bones did not belong to Earhart or Noonan.
But the new study – appearing in the publication Forensic Anthropology – challenges those findings. Richard Jantz led the study. He is an anthropologist from the University of Tennessee.
Jantz said his study provides evidence that "strongly supports" the bones belonged to Earhart. The bones are consistent with Earhart in all respects we know or can reasonably infer, he wrote in the study.
During his research, Jantz compared the bone measurements to photographs and examinations of Earhart's clothing. He says that until new evidence is presented that the bones are not those of Amelia Earhart, the most convincing argument is that they are hers.
Ever since Earhart's plane disappeared in 1937, people have sought to learn what happened to the plane and its crew.
The plane had left from what is now Papua New Guinea. The next goal of the flight was to reach Howland Island - about 4,000 kilometers to the east. But Earhart and Noonan never arrived there.
Flight experts decided the plane must have crashed in the sea after using up all its fuel. Searchers found no other explanation.
But observers have long shared rumors about what really happened. One unconfirmed report said Earhart had made her final flight while working as an American spy. The story claimed then-President Franklin D. Roosevelt had asked her to observe Japanese activity in the Pacific.
At the time, U.S. relations with Japan were tense. In 1941, Japan bombed the American military base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The attack led to America's involvement in World War II.
Another report suggested Japanese forces or civilians had rescued Earhart and taken her to Japan. This rumor, or similar ones, said she died there.
Still another rumor claimed she was freed after the war ended. It claimed that she lived under another name in the United States.
I'm Bryan Lynn.
1.be consistent with
These actions are consistent with his principles.
2.seek to do sth 寻求做某事
Many people in their lifetime avoid or do not even seek to find the answer to that question.
3.attempt to do sth 试图做某事
The police balked the attempt to kidnap the child.
4.be based on 基于
In that case action was effective because it was based on knowledge.
5.If true, the findings would end a long debate over what happened to Earhart.
happen to 发生，落到
Please tell me if anything happened to him.
So what will happen to the euro?
6.Jantz said his study provides evidence that "strongly supports" the bones belonged to Earhart.
belong to 属于，在……居住
The book belongs to him.
His father belongs to Glasgow.
倘若该研究结果为真，那么这次发现可能会让长期以来关于埃尔哈特发生了什么的讨论尘埃落定 。1937年，埃尔哈特消失在太平洋南部的上空 。那时候，埃尔哈特正在尝试成为环行全球的第一位女性 。那年的她39岁 。
埃尔哈特的领航员弗瑞德·诺南(Fred Noonan)也在那架消失的飞机上 。
1940年，有人在尼库马罗罗岛上发现了一组骨骸 。一些人认为，这些骨骸是埃尔哈特的尸骨 。但那时有一位科学家进行了测量，他认为，这些骨骸是一名男子的骨骸，但与领航员诺南的骨骸并不符合 。
随后，这些骨骸丢失了，只留下了7份测量数据 。测量数据里记录了头盖骨、胳膊骨头、腿骨头的大小 。
2015年，一些研究人员在这些测量数据的基础上完成了一项新的分析 。这些研究人员认为，他们的发现结果证实了此前的结论，即这些骨骸并不属于埃尔哈特和诺南 。
而发表在《法医人类学》上的这项新发现质疑了此前的结果 。理查德·詹茨(Richard Jantz)牵头进行了这项研究 。他是田纳西大学的一位人类学家 。
詹茨表示，这项研究提供的证据“大力支持了”骨骸属于埃尔哈特的说法 。这些骨骸在我们所了解以及可以推测出的各方面都与埃尔哈特吻合，他在研究中如是写道 。
在研究中，詹茨将骨骸测量结果与埃尔哈特的衣物照片和检查情况进行了比对 。詹茨表示，除非有新的证据表明这些骨骸不是梅莉亚·埃尔哈特，那么目前最可信的说法就是：骨骸是梅莉亚·埃尔哈特的 。
飞机是从巴布亚新几内亚出发的 。其飞行的下一个目标是抵达豪兰岛——大概在东部的4000米处 。但埃尔哈特和诺南没能实现这个目标 。
飞行专家认为，这架飞机一定是在用尽了燃料后坠落到了大海中 。搜救人员并未也没有其他的说法 。
但很长时间以来，关于究竟发生了什么，观察家界一直流传着这样的谣言 。有一份未经证实的报道称，她执行最后一次飞行时是要完成作为美国间谍的任务的 。该报道还表示，时任总统富兰克林·罗斯福(Franklin D. Roosevelt)让埃尔哈特观察日本的活动 。
那时候，美日关系紧张 。1941年日本轰炸了美国在夏威夷州珍珠港的军事基地 。这次袭击使美国决定参加二战 。
还有一份报道认为，日本军队或平民救下了埃尔哈特，带她去了日本 。这个说法以及与其类似的说法都认为埃尔哈特死在了日本 。
还有一个说法认为，埃尔哈特在战后重获自由 。随后，她更名改姓在美国生活 。