VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):印度首次问鼎普利兹克奖
日期:2018-03-11 21:05

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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This year's top award in architecture goes to Balkrishna Doshi. This is the first time an Indian has won in the 40-year history of the award, known as the Pritzker Prize. Some compare the award to the Nobel Prize.
Doshi has been an architect, city planner, and educator for 70 years. In contrast to other Pritzker winners, Doshi works almost only in his home country. In Ahmedabad, Doshi's designs can be seen in the concrete Life Insurance Corporation Housing buildings to the flowing curves of the Amdavad ni Gufa art gallery.
But he is best known for designing low-cost housing. The Aranya project in Indore is home to more than 80,000 people, many of them poor. It includes a system of houses, courtyards, and pathways.
Doshi says the housing can change how home owners see their world. Now, their life has been changed. They feel hopeful, he said. They have ownership of something.
Doshi said his life's work has been to help the have-nots, the people who have nothing.
He called the prize an honor both for himself and for India.
Doshi was born in 1927 in the city of Pune. He studied architecture in Mumbai and later worked under the architect known as Le Corbusier. Doshi was the first director of Ahmedabad's School of Architecture and Planning, now known as CEPT University.
He founded his own company in 1956, and lives and works in Ahmedabad.
The Hyatt Foundation, which sponsors the Pritzker Prize, called Doshi's work poetic and functional. It noted that Doshi's buildings both respect eastern culture and improve the quality of life in India.
My work is the story of my life, Doshi said in the award announcement. He said he was always moving forward, changing and searching, to look beyond architecture to look only at life.
Doshi will be given the $100,000 prize in May at a ceremony in Toronto, Canada.
I'm Susan Shand.

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重点解析

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1.in contrast to 与……对比

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In contrast to other caves I’ve seen in China, the lighting is kept subdued and almost all monochrome – clearly the consistent hand and eye of one path designer at work.
和我在中国见到的其他洞穴不同,这里的灯光十分柔和,几乎全是单色的,这样的设计显然和那条路出自同一人的眼光和手笔U6lg%igf7A。 other Pritzker winners, Doshi works almost only in his home country.

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2.be home to 是……的家园/所在地

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However, it is home to ten language families, including at least three families that have only one language each.
不过,它是十个语族的家园,且其中至少三个语族只剩一种语言IF!-N#trSVG(mX#e06sj

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3.move forward 向前走

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The next step is to move forward with an intervention trial to see if there is therapeutic value in people.
下一步就是通过干预性的试验继续向前发展,看看是否在人类中具有治疗价值(0IQ&gy+q(=iRBB

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4.look at 着眼于

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The manager will not look at a report like that.
经理不会答理那样一份报告5*lm,Kyn3ku_lVh%

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5.Doshi was born in 1927 in the city of Pune.

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be born in 出生于/在
I was born in Thailand.
我可是在泰国出生的+ozOS9DjZ2%e
She was born in bondage and with a dark skin and most of her early maturity was passed in a dark and tragic time for the land of her birth.
她一生下来,就被烙上了奴隶和黑人的印记,由于出生地的缘故,她幼年大部分时间都是在黑暗与悲惨的日子里成熟长大的)@gg;w8=H8@=4X9.WG

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6.He studied architecture in Mumbai and later worked under the architect known as Le Corbusier.

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(be) known as 以……闻名,被认为是
This is known as the Top Down or Skeleton scenario.
这被认为是自顶向下或者框架的方案Qpz@)U_.&qorb.|b
He told them that in our area, we are known as a refuge; we treat all victims of the conflict equally, no matter what side they’re on.
他告诉他们,我们这个地区的人都知道这里是一个避难所;我们对所有的冲突的受害者一视同仁,不论他们属于哪一方8ycKRC)EML%*aT]h3H_x

参考译文

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今年的最高建筑奖花落柏克瑞斯 多西(Balkrishna Doshi)ZePLVpu@zeB[~cRBY。该奖别名为普利兹克奖,其设立40年来,第一次有印度人获奖m9EEc2*~sLSC9+8!。有人认为,该奖项与诺贝尔不相上下g8cEw34!p(4TXZ
多西从事建筑行业、城市规划行业以及教育行业已70载EnKe90d8HW!&7eJf。与其他普利兹克获奖者得区别在于:多西几乎只在自己的国家工作iK*%0c&^=fQx。在印度艾哈迈达巴德的很多地方可以看到多西的设计,比如人寿保险公司的混凝土建筑,以及Amdavad ni Gufa艺术画廊的流动曲线]37H]#bllf4*)m
但他最出名的还是设计经济房Gog|vim-wV0l4jT[Q7。印多尔的阿亚尼亚项目为8万多人让8万多人有了家,其中的很多人都是穷人@(Pe1Fo#=7;.#b。该项目囊括了房屋、庭院和小路3g2kiZ^9@IFK@zT~Ia,+
多西认为,房屋的设计可以改变房屋主人的世界观Y1157997gu。现在,他们的生活已经发生了改变,感觉充满了希望,他如是说道owc#wxesf[_YHS-_*wk。他们有了属于自己的东西9QaME6svIfYM2VD0wuu_
多西表示,他一辈子的工作就是帮助一无所有的人oArtD.42TR4
他认为这次获奖既是他的荣誉,也是印度的荣誉mr&7p&_lo)IN0qyWsC*

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多西1927年生于普纳L.1P4Nfe*)t#Hp4c。他在孟买读了建筑专业,随后做了勒·柯布西耶(Le Corbusier)门下的弟子m^7tOC_vT1@tVWup8xN#。多西是艾哈迈达巴德大学建筑与规划学院第一任院长,该学院是如今建筑学院环境规划与技术中心的前身+(HhimJ&3D42pVA+X
他于1956年成立了自己的公司,并在艾哈迈达巴德定居工作3ef+TANm*+i
普利兹克奖的赞助商海亚特基金会称多西的作品既富有诗意,又十分实用Eet2dR,J~[djl8L。该基金会还表示,多西设计的房屋既尊重了东方的文化,也提升了印度的生活质量-_e.vcnr]lbWprfnaw
我的工作讲述了我的生活,多西在获奖感言中如是说道.=^;&)Lr.bc。他表示,他一直在向前走着,不断地改变,不断地追寻,超越建筑本身去体味生活~D[iDHHVf&&ECP%541T
在加拿大多伦多5月的颁奖典礼上,多西将获得10万美元的奖金I)1Mg[f;X.HAe2
苏珊 尚德(Susan Shand)为您播报#6t|%ER3rWDGN

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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