VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):华盛顿遭遇风暴极端天气
日期:2018-03-07 18:37

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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George Washington’s Tree Brought Down by Strong Winds
This is What's Trending Today...
The eastern United States is recovering from a major storm, which left widespread damage.
Strong gusts of wind broke windows and removed tops of buildings. Hundreds of thousands of people lost power for one or more days. Huge trees came crashing down.
And, reports say one of the trees brought down by the storm may have been planted by the first U.S. president, George Washington.
The tree stood on the grounds of Washington's home at Mount Vernon, about 30 kilometers south of Washington, D.C. The huge estate sits along the Potomac River, just south of Alexandria, Virginia.
Today, George Washington's Mount Vernon is a popular stop for travelers, both Americans and visitors from overseas.
The tree, a Canadian hemlock, was planted near the entrance to a garden on the property. It had a sign that read "circa 1791" on it -- the year that people thought it was planted.
Rob Shenk works for George Washington's Mount Vernon. He published a photograph of the damaged tree on Twitter last weekend. He wrote, "The DC area lost a lot of trees yesterday, but maybe none more significant than this 1791 Canadian Hemlock at Mount Vernon. George Washington himself likely knew this tree..."
Dean Norton is the director of horticulture at George Washington's Mount Vernon. In a video published on social media this week, he talked about the history of the fallen hemlock.
Washington, Norton said, was interested in planting hemlock trees on his property. Hemlocks did not grow in this part of Virginia.
In 1784, Norton explained, Washington sent a letter to New York Governor George Clinton requesting the trees.
By July of 1785, Washington got his wish. He received two hemlocks planted in cut whiskey barrels.
General Benjamin Lincoln of Massachusetts sent the trees to the future president as a gift from Clinton.
Mount Vernon experts say Washington wrote down that he planted the trees on the grounds of Mount Vernon on July 13, 1785.
Neither Shenk nor Norton can be sure that Washington planted the tree with his own hands. However, Shenk told The Washington Post newspaper that he at least directed the planting.
But last week, 100-kilometer-per-hour winds twisted, shook and took down the over two-century-old hemlock.
"You hate to see it, but it happens," Norton said in the video. He described the fallen hemlock as a "living witness to the life and times of George Washington."
Mount Vernon officials say that they have collected the wood from the tree. It will be used at Mount Vernon for preservation efforts and special projects.
And that's What's Trending Today.
I'm Ashley Thompson.

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重点解析

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1.wrote down 写下

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The policeman wrote down my name and address.
警察写下了我的姓名和地址r,-#I9;zaJ6WbY&KR9q

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2.took down 取下;记下

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She took down the tablets in one gulp.
她把那些药片一口吞了下去O(B&7h]0KGe+

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3.at least 至少

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He's been away for at least a week.
他走了总有一个星期吧qtH[K,3w-C)P&7

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4.brought down 击落

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Several aircrafts were intercepted and brought down.
有几架飞机遭到拦截,被击落了nZq,UC_Bh9qz]n+

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5.Hundreds of thousands of people lost power for one or more days.

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Hundreds of thousands of 成千上万的

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Office material worth hundreds of thousands of pounds was smashed up.
价值数十万英镑的办公用品都被砸烂了xxY_(w_Oz%^XA&;n[
Hundreds of thousands of people took to the streets to mark the occasion.
数十万人走上街头庆祝这一时刻ND%v9V^Go#7CB6Y]umU

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6.Huge trees came crashing down.

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crashing down 撞毁;摧毁

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Barriers to entry in almost every industry have come crashing down, opening vast opportunities for small companies.
几乎所有行业的进入壁垒都已经崩溃,而这给小企业带来了巨大的机会cmfOdzr~ZD6=
Fear and shock spread across the globe as the twin towers came crashing down and thousands were killed.
双塔倒塌、上千人罹难之际,恐惧和震惊也蔓延全球-Fkw%Aa4!VLC

参考译文

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华盛顿遭遇风暴极端天气
这里是《今日热点》节目b==ZjZ.w@n_=
美国东部正在从一场破坏性极强的大风暴中恢复过来QK]M(Ds;Z2p~bfU.e
强风击碎了玻璃,掀翻了屋顶OBnNk2NORBm_,LH。数十万人一天或几天处于断电状态Rv0oI4Ka.Mo#S&&。大树轰然倒塌2Uc&DhFc,QMx
据报道,在风暴摧毁的大树中,有一棵可能是美国首任总统华盛顿种下的WJwbGX)9kA
这棵树位于华盛顿故居弗农山庄,距华盛顿特区南部约30公里|=*oO#e#A.rL[RjLN[。弗农山庄坐落在弗吉尼亚州亚历山大市南部的波多马克河畔6DC^h2ki%uZb]J;OJg
如今,弗农山庄已经成为海内外游客的热门旅游景点之一*VhT0eY&I&
这棵加拿大铁杉位于庄园的一个花园入口附近=)-p[EUk;U。树上悬挂着“大约1791年前后”的标志——人们认为这是种树的时间EsBxB;]^_DG
罗布·申克(Rob Shenk)在弗农山庄工作_jrt6_kX5UE。上周末,他在推特上发布了一张大树被吹倒的照片wQ@E7gWwxHg5KxL。他写道:“昨天,华盛顿特区很多树都被大风吹倒了,但是也许都没有弗农山庄这棵1791年种下的加拿大铁杉重要,L_bymvlTTf;Ze!Jv6。华盛顿本人可能了解这棵树g.TAq^ykF9_4FzHZ&[L。”

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华盛顿遭遇风暴极端天气.png
迪恩·诺顿(Dean Norton)是弗农山庄的园艺主任AfLjiALsCTe。本周,他在发布到社交媒体上的视频中提及这棵铁杉的历史p%jHgh%CuKk
诺顿表示,华盛顿有意在庄园里种植一些铁杉C6c%aZ94);~p。弗吉尼亚州这一片没有种植铁杉#lx]FOSfM+
诺顿解释说,1784年,华盛顿致函纽约州州长乔治·克林顿(George Clinton)求取树苗V*c%bWsIKE+
1785年7月,华盛顿终于得偿所愿)Y+5]d;q@VZU_%V_dW]。他收到两棵种在割开的威士忌桶里的铁杉[@HfgOp276.
马萨诸塞州的将军本杰明·林肯(Benjamin Lincoln)将这些树作为礼物送给了这位未来的总统#&pSoXQl]uTz3vwgx%D
弗农山庄的专家表示,据华盛顿记载,1785年7月13日,他在弗农山庄种下这些树i*WN(MudW|dFMrR_
申克和诺顿不确定这棵树是否为华盛顿亲手所种v(9Nl]ybYr_5。然而,申克对《华盛顿邮报》表示,至少是他下令种植的dxNR86rm-2K6)#@#Iq
然而上周,时速每小时一百公里的大风吹弯、摇晃并最终吹倒了这棵历经了两个多世纪的铁杉Qu[6bv;Ki!A9)
诺顿在视频中称:“你不愿看到,但是这还是发生了]oN~PYJIddbiP(5T。”他表示,这颗倒下的铁杉“见证了华盛顿的生平和时代F~KTs4k-1=。”
弗农山庄有关人员表示,他们把这棵树制成了木材,将用于弗农山庄的保护工作和特殊项目kEHM[1(As8N-WyR.|
以上为《今日热点》j-Mg^FJAo%SM
阿什利·汤普森为您播报N#3H7~&vEsq[|oR[N@

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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