VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):双臂移植让退伍军人重获新生
日期:2018-03-02 11:22

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Double Arm Transplant Gives Former US Soldier a New Life
American John Peck lost his arms and legs in an explosion in Afghanistan in 2010. But unlike others who suffer such a loss, Peck does not have prosthetic arms.
Doctors instead performed a successful double arm transplant operation on Peck. The retired Marine Corps Sergeant is now learning to use his replacement arms at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Maryland.
As Peck learns to use his new arms, he thinks about the family that donated the arms of their dead son.
"You know the first few minutes I was happy. But then I started to think about, you know, my emotions started to change, and it changed to the point where I was more...I was upset. Like I was, you know, I knew that somebody died and it wasn't about me at that minute, it was about the individual that lost their lives."
Transplant operations are not new, and many patients are helped by transplanted organs. John Peck says his situation is different.
"So like an organ transplant is different. Like, they cannot see inside of their body, but every day I look down, I'm like, 'Ah, hey! This is somebody else's hand or this is somebody else's elbow that I am moving back and forth.' But I don't see it as, you know...it's just weird, just part of my norm now..."
Peck wore prosthetics before doctors gave him the replacement arms. The change has been hard, but physical therapists like Annemarie Orr says he is making progress.
"John and I have been working together for about, what is it, John? A year, a year and a half, and so the progress has been huge, I mean, in terms of the rate of motion in his arms and strength and his ability again, to be more independent with his daily activities...
Physical therapy assistant Alyssa Olsen is also working with Peck.
"In the time that we have started working together, we are pushing to, progressing to using his hands more and more and more, and he's getting function back.
At Walter Reed, there are many patients who lost their arms or arms on the battlefield. Most receive prosthetics, but Peck agreed to try the transplant. Not everyone thinks transplants are a good idea because of the possibility that the body may reject another person's limb. Patients like Peck must take up to 30 pills a day to stay healthy and stop medical complications.
"It was worth it, it was worth it to me. I have goals. I want to be independent. I want to be able to do things for myself."
The operation took 16 hours and involved nearly 60 doctors and medical specialists. It has given John Peck a new life.
I'm Susan Shand.

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重点解析

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1.prosthetic arm 义肢

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She was not wearing her prosthetic arm.
她没有佩戴她的义肢K.gf(bfJ(qP@|tG,4zu4

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2.organ transplant 器官移植

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A very small proportion of human infections have occurred through organ transplant, blood transfusions and breast milk.
极少一部分人通过器官移植、输血和母乳获得感染#6(Rza-kEC_Rf(

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3.medical complications 医疗并发症

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To prevent Tana from suffering any medical complications, the doctors decided to surgically sterilize Tana, removing her genitals.
为了防止Tana患上并发症,医生决定切除她的生殖器,给她做绝育手术~9bSaAK%6p0+,DkOs!

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4.daily activities 日常活动

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My daily activities include swimming and jogging.
我的每日活动包含游泳和慢跑![B-Uh%mlo

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5.I mean, in terms of the rate of motion in his arms and strength and his ability again, to be more independent with his daily activities...

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in terms of 依据,按照

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Basically I think he would be someone who complemented me in terms of character.
我基本上认为他是在性格上和我互补的人%7xNcRLzOCz0r
They have found that, in terms of both salary and career success, the sky is the limit.
他们发现,就收入和事业成功来讲,多高都有可能的nR1*yLnHIn9]7P

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6.Patients like Peck must take up to 30 pills a day to stay healthy and stop medical complications.

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take up 拿起;从事

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He did not particularly want to take up a competitive sport.
他并不特别想从事竞技体育运动7Lzh|~3nKv8KPU9DNz%o
He will take up his post as the head of the civil courts at the end of next month.
他将在下个月底就任民事法庭庭长一职nVQ]R7CuQ^.^sgk44+b&

参考译文

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双臂移植让退伍军人重获新生
2010年,美国士兵约翰·派克(John Peck)在阿富汗的一次爆炸中失去双臂和双腿]j5~XAnTC&9%YD。但与其他人不同的是,派克没有安装义肢3P((;BPvk;d+@1)qC.Ez
相反,医生成功地为派克进行了双臂移植手术MOD2@umcFUtlwb;xVD2。这位退役海军陆战队中士现正在马里兰州的沃尔特·里德国家军事医学中心适应他的新双臂Yg6!00m|cisEE]SnN
当派克学会使用他的新双臂时,他想到了捐赠死去儿子手臂的那个家庭zY+W.ZFjkM-Yy(dQ[
“你知道,起初我很开心o8sd^snxtZ。但后来我开始思考,我的情绪开始变化,突然间难过起来5wGyo8FiQW6bARaU~I。我当时的心情是,我知道有人去世了,那一刻我想到的不是自己,而是那些失去生命的人S6VGOc0^STmd1Wo!,^。”
移植手术并不新鲜,许多病人因移植器官获益K&)BN1cG[ob(。约翰·派克说,他的情况有点特殊OwTRJZ!N!P

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“所以与器官移植有些不同Sbw0o!N&+1d^&9f。比如,别人看不到体内移植的器官,而我每天往下看时会觉得,‘啊,嘿!我来回摆动的是别人的手掌,别人的手肘%eIY~&|Vo4KhY。但我并不觉得这很奇怪,这已然成为我身体的一部分…”
医生进行手臂移植手术前,佩克佩戴着假肢)wnl4o;ufw0p3I#Lpch。这一变化十分艰难,但是物理治疗师安玛丽·奥尔(Annemarie Orr)称,他正在逐渐进步ozqs|x~s,Fj-qJN)
“我一直陪着约翰做康复训练,有多长时间了,约翰?一年、一年半,康复取得很大进展,我的意思是,手臂的移动速度和力量、独立进行日常活动的能力都有很大的进步…
理疗助理阿莉莎·奥尔森(Alyssa Olsen)也在帮助佩克做复健=XizRkYZ2JGK4-
“我们刚开始做康复训练时会尽可能让他的手用起来,而且现在他的各项功能正逐步恢复F_g7]O]egugbc。”
沃尔特·里德医院里有很多在战场上失去双臂或双腿的士兵Z_(&HWAE-Tvof_lps。大多数人都会安装假肢,但派克同意进行移植手术5Z)*Hm8PdfXt%R。并非所有人都认为移植是一个好主意,因为身体可能会排斥另一个人的肢体T%uubR-p|@9&N。像佩克这样的情况每天必须服用30片药物才能保持健康并遏制并发症xtDNg%w_Dm
“我觉得这是值得的,至少对我来说是N1|y5CL+lQkS。我有目标d7ZL#PxU=yvNdMttG。我想独立生活^4F58]rb~5ukvPIzUfv。我希望能够自食其力3BSDEog~nD%(!@4i.Q。”
该手术耗时16个小时,涉及近60名医生和医疗专家m~^|yqPLa@!KB5!E。它让约翰·派克重获新生JTH+Pd-~%_
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • competitiveadj. 竞争的,比赛的
  • upsetadj. 心烦的,苦恼的,不安的 v. 推翻,翻倒,扰乱
  • reedn. 芦苇,芦笛,簧片 Reed:里德(姓氏)
  • limbn. 枝干,树枝,肢体 vt. 切断(树枝,手足)
  • normn. 标准,规范
  • sterilizevt. 使不育,杀菌,使贫瘠
  • proportionn. 比例,均衡,部份,(复)体积,规模 vt. 使成比
  • sergeantn. 中士,巡佐,军士 (法庭或议会等地的)警卫官
  • minutesn. 会议记录,(复数)分钟
  • militaryadj. 军事的 n. 军队