VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):情人节的典故
日期:2018-02-17 23:35

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Valentine's Day celebrates love. It is a day to exchange flowers, candy, and greeting cards with your husband or wife, or someone else you desire. It is a popular day to become engaged and to get married.
Historians argue about the earliest roots of Valentine's Day. Many say it is linked to the ancient Roman festival of Lupercalia, which was observed on the 15th of February. That day celebrated the coming of spring and female fertility.
Then, around 1,500 years ago, Christians supposedly began to celebrate the feast day of St. Valentine on February 14.
However, there are several Saint Valentines and several stories about them. One involves Valentine of Terni, a Christian clergyman. He was said to have violated the orders of Roman Emperor Claudius the 2nd.
Claudius was having trouble getting married men to serve as soldiers. So, he banned marriage. Valentine considered the ban immoral and secretly married young Christian lovers, anyway. When the Emperor learned of the actions, he ordered Valentine's death. The execution is said to have happened on February 14, around the year 300.
Some people say this is the reason the holiday is linked to love.
The exchange of valentines, or written expressions of love, began in the 1500s. The tradition remains popular today. Valentine cards usually include images of hearts, flowers, or Cupid, the Roman god of love and desire. The cards also often include poems. One valentine from the year 1910 reads: When we meet: The flowers look brighter, And all on earth seems sweet, My heart is always lighter, My darling, when we meet.
But Valentine's Day is not only for romance. It can also be a day to celebrate love of family and friends.
I'm Dorothy Gundy.

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重点解析

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1.get married 结婚

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If a couple has had everything when they get married, what should they expect in the future?
如果一对夫妇在结婚时拥有了一切,那他们对未来还有什么期待呢?

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2.argue about 为……辩论/争吵

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to argue with someone about(或over) something
为某事与某人争辩(或争吵)

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3.be linked to 与……有关,与……连接到一起

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The concept of democracy has a positive connotation to them because it is linked to a concept that they value.
他们对于民主这个词有很强的认同感,因为这个词被连接到一个他们所珍视的概念jqi_Iyxi+wFBVylaQG1I

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4.be said to do sth 据说做某事

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He is said to have already been removed from office.
据说他已经被免职了FxUyw.=v0H@@+x

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5.Then, around 1,500 years ago, Christians supposedly began to celebrate the feast day of St. Valentine on February 14.

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begin to do sth 开始做某事

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The drunkard began to rave again.
She began to flush with excitement.
她由于激动脸开始发红PI[iWnsNSeN

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6.Claudius was having trouble getting married men to serve as soldiers.

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serve as 担任,作为

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He was served as a general.
他被任命为将军dsb.v&KSm;5ILq,RiT
Newspaper serves me as a curtain.
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参考译文

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情人节是关于爱情的一个节日fo6uqs+aGw*-Rdu。这一天,人们会与自己的丈夫、妻子和心仪的人互送花朵、糖果和贺卡A38IRhK+RC。这一天,很多人都会陷入爱河或者结婚I1j!FRIvDvj
很多历史学家都在探讨情人节最早的缘起]qdB,=!%XCG|。很多人说,情人节与古罗马的牧神节有关,牧神节是每年的2月15日4,P|P!;F3dZ。牧神节那一天,人们会庆祝春天的到来和女性生育力的萌发[N]2d1Z+)8r7
随后,大约1500年前,据称基督教徒是在2月14日那天庆祝圣瓦伦丁的斋日xeS]G6L].5VaJkETd

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不过,关于圣瓦伦丁及其事迹有多个版本X5hR6T*pw)v8K;)rz。其中一个版本与特尔尼主教有关;)^~[eyOVGf。据说,特尔尼主教违背了罗马皇帝克劳狄斯二世的命令|Id(HFr;(^S
克劳狄斯当时想让已婚男子服兵役,但遇到了困难RbE5(B#khNxgfLI。于是克劳狄斯二世就禁止结婚H7=LgV)I65。特尔尼主教认为这个禁令很不道德,于是他就秘密帮助信仰基督教的恋人们成婚a3HiJ+TG0|,S。但克劳狄斯二世听闻他的举动后,就下令处死他,lK#veQ-!2!lCWs(#。据说处决是在2月14日,大约公元300年的时候%mm,YkNS.yTP0xASe
一些人认为,这就是这个节日与爱情挂上钩的原因^0BrJgqzgAla
互换情人节礼物或者用贺卡表达爱意的做法始于16世纪U~Iw,1zJ)]。这个传统直到今天依然流行Ayu7ctY7Z)[%。情人节贺卡通常有心形、花朵或者罗马爱神丘比特的形象k-w~5wdQ]zaaO3。贺卡里通常还有情诗.^)(KQ^Z7XB9ue。有一封1910的贺卡里写道:我们邂逅之时:繁花愈发娇艳,万事万物看起来都如此甜蜜,我的心也更加轻盈BnOJDA|XqU0*h7m+7K&j。我的爱人,这就是我们邂逅的瞬间n(16L)e1Y3_+GE^3x
但情人节也不只是浪漫的节日,也是庆祝与家人朋友之爱的日子uF@)U5#M=^r1-1W+Odz
桃乐茜 冈迪(Dorothy Gundy)为您播报wI*Y7t)(4A~#Ob]Bl+

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • conceptn. 概念,观念
  • fertilityn. 肥沃,丰饶,生产力
  • popularadj. 流行的,大众的,通俗的,受欢迎的
  • celebratedadj. 著名的,声誉卓著的 动词celebrate的过
  • candyn. 糖果 vt. 用糖煮,使结晶为砂糖 vi. 结晶为
  • engagedadj. 忙碌的,使用中的,订婚了的
  • celebratev. 庆祝,庆贺,颂扬
  • ravev. 极力赞扬,说胡话,咆哮 n. 喧闹的宴会,极力赞扬
  • immoraladj. 不道德的
  • flushv. 奔流,发红,冲洗,迅速流过 n. 脸红,奔流,旺盛