VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):新西兰拟禁止外籍人士购房
日期:2018-02-12 09:50

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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New Zealand to Ban Foreign Home Buyers
New Zealand plans to bar foreigners from purchasing existing homes.
The ban is expected to become law this year. It aims to slow the rising housing prices and protect New Zealanders interested in buying a home.
The Labour Party government believes that foreign investors have pushed many possible first-time home buyers and families out of the housing market.
Last year, median housing prices across the country rose by 5.8 percent, to over $405,000.
Housing prices rose even more in New Zealand's capital city, Wellington. Price there rose by more than 18 percent over a 12-month period that ended in June 2017.
The rising prices have pushed home ownership outside the reach of many possible buyers.
One home owner told VOA he feels sorry for the younger generation.
"I look at my children and my family and friends' children, and I really, really feel for them because I just believe the market has made it impossible for them to get into the housing."
Just 25 years ago, three out of every four New Zealanders lived in their own homes. Now the rate is 64 percent -- and falling.
The plan to ban foreigners from buying existing homes has yet to be approved. But the measure, called the Overseas Investment Amendment Bill, passed its first reading in parliament in December.
Restricting foreign ownership of housing has been tried in other countries, including Switzerland, says Norman Gemmell. He is chair of public finance at Victoria University of Wellington.
"So, there is a sensible economic argument that says, if lots of foreign investors -- because there is money slewing around in the world looking for a good home -- if lots of these foreign investors are looking to put their cash into New Zealand, if it then forces up the price of property so that people cannot afford to live anymore, you should think about what is the right way to allocate your domestic housing stock."
Critics say foreign investors have had only a small effect on the cost of housing. Low interest rates, limited supply and immigration have also driven up house prices.
New Zealand's trade minister David Parker says the restrictions are not just about price, but fairness.
"I am not targeting any one individual. I'm trying to protect New Zealanders against some of the excesses of global capitalism."
Chinese investors have been among the biggest foreign buyers of property in New Zealand.
Political commentator Bryce Edwards says the ban is a sign of both intolerance in the community and concerns about capitalism.
"There is much more focus on inequality, and so there has been a lot more focus on wealthy individuals as the problem. And there is an ethnic element to it as well that is perhaps xenophobic or even racist. You know, there has been a great increase in Asian wealth coming to New Zealand and, regardless of whether it is investing here or moving here to live, New Zealanders are a bit more suspicious of that."
Housing prices continue to make solid gains across the country. And for many New Zealanders, the dream of owning a home is as distant as ever.
I'm Ashley Thompson.

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重点解析

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1.existing homes 现有住房

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As fewer new homes are being built, existing homes are going unsold for longer period of time.
一些新房正在盖,存在房屋长时间售出不了7g4C6-,K)DS~

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2.focus on 专注于

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Their talks are expected to focus on arms control.
他们的会谈预计会集中讨论军备控制问题T6vAaf5IX9l8BbqY0m

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3.looking for 寻找

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I happened on just the thing I'd been looking for.
我碰巧找到了一直在找的东西w;6T)U.hy,ZEm|kU_!Z

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4.regardless of 不管

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Regardless of whether he is right or wrong, we have to abide by his decisions.
不管他正确与否,我们都得服从他的决定-NdCXw^CxNKZ

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5.If it then forces up the price of property so that people cannot afford to live anymore, you should think about what is the right way to allocate your domestic housing stock."

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forces up 迫使上升

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We must bring the police force up to ( full) strength.
我们必须让警察人数达到(全部)编制所需的数量cWu.2WFSO)&(qe
An inflation forces up the cost of living.
通货膨胀迫使生活费用飞涨vuz|uB*mpnj!Qx.;fE1

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6.If it then forces up the price of property so that people cannot afford to live anymore, you should think about what is the right way to allocate your domestic housing stock."

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think about 考虑

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I told him I'd have to think about that one.
我告诉他那个问题我必须考虑一下1FKz^+T0!nGezF!37;
I think we need to go away and think about this.
我认为我们有必要走开一下去考虑这件事u..2F%PE=~x;9

参考译文

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新西兰拟禁止外籍人士购房
新西兰计划禁止外国人购买现有住房=Fx-8%JIHDiwwp2E.
这项禁令有望在今年成为法律[S2)]KIIH&=Sr。其目的是放缓不断上涨的房价,保护新西兰人买房的动力j1l!;.r;[%7w
新西兰工党政府认为,许多潜在的首次购房者和家庭被外国投资者挤出了房地产市场QxuG.q2KF1)Ib=+^hA_D
去年,全国平均房价上涨了5.8%,超过了40.5万美元h=6=DbtZdq
新西兰首都惠灵顿的房价涨幅更高uPZWjOHAS[-h%(pyX。截至2017年6月,在短短的12个月里,该地房价的涨幅超过了18%D]k[#IA,y90s[
不断飙升的房价将许多潜在的,有置房计划的买家拒之门外b;-]o9BdaxnnQq6~tO(
一位房东对美国之音表示,他为年轻一代感到很难过NpEilUBxi]FiQSGH3G^
“我看着自己的孩子,我的家人以及亲友的孩子们,我真的很同情他们,因为我相信,(房地产)市场的行情让他们很难买得起房子了WyUQg%6Hrbp2Z--Kkuf。”

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新西兰拟禁止外籍人士购房.jpg
而25年前,每4名新西兰人里就有3人拥有自己的房子|DCwK^vk#1BrkQipOf。现在这一比率仅64%,而且呈下降趋势7&wq|#N&YkX%ZTd@FSET
禁止外国人购买现有住房的计划尚未获得批准F0=5OVkFKY7wc]VMALU。但这项名为“海外投资修正条例法案”在去年12月通过了国会一读cq^erzkvVO*gK%S
诺曼·吉麦尔(Norman Gemmell)表示,包括瑞士在内的其他国家已经在限制外国人住房所有权领域进行过尝试WcvLibWcJ3G。诺曼是惠灵顿维多利亚大学公共财政的主席(G~m)S.|teDGD2MD|A@s
所以说,这是一个合理的经济理论——也就是如果全球资本都在试图寻找投资机会,如果这些大量的外国投资者想要将资金放在新西兰,那么这将拉高本地的房地产价格,所以新西兰人则无力购房,如此,我们应当寻找配置本国房产资源的最佳方案yI4pD%Pu7ac@D8g。”
批评人士表示,外国投资者对房产市场的影响只占很小一部分bvg~T^4*B-+d#。低利率、有限供应和移民因素也助推了高房价0[)-J8la^-kf
而新西兰贸易部长戴维·帕克(David Parker)表示,限制并不只是因为价格,更多的是要保证公平C|H2N6qa4RAYQLa_
帕克说:“我并不是要针对个人4YH+~2=qvhrP。我只是在保护新西兰人不会受到过度全球资本的威胁OXX#TbPQzckfl7@;~
中国投资商一直是新西兰离岸购买的主要力量TZ%qNkKerc
政治评论人士布莱斯·爱德华兹说,禁令显示出当地社区的不安及对资本扩张的担忧C)rNf*p-QA.N^;
爱德华兹称:现在大家更加聚焦于不平等,很多人将富裕群体视为问题1df8S.O-X[2xNx,o~a。这有种族因素在里面,可能被视为排外主义甚至是种族歧视eP%VfBicc3)。你知道,现在有大量亚洲财富涌入新西兰,不管是在这里投资还是移民,新西兰人都会对这股力量持怀疑态度zdZ%o|US|Jnjh
新西兰的房地产价格仍然稳步上升_O+h-%2DGSGjp(。对于很多新西兰人来说,拥有一栋房产变得越来越遥不可及bb_v2lQ]5a
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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