VOA常速(翻译+字幕+讲解):伊朗女性脱掉头巾 抗议强制佩戴的要求
日期:2018-02-11 16:50

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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The United States condemns the reported arrests of at least twenty-nine protesters in Iran for exercising their human rights and fundamental freedoms by standing up against the compulsory hijab imposed upon women.
U.S. Department of State Spokesperson Heather Nauert wrote in statement that the United States remains steadfast in our support for the rights to freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and peaceful assembly.
President Donald Trump has said that the Iranian people are the source of one of the greatest fears of the Iranian government.
That fear has been shown once again by the regime's reaction to women who protested the compulsory wearing of the hijab.
Images and videos of unveiled Iranian women standing up and waving their hijab are spreading across social media.

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Some men and veiled women have also protested the compulsory hijab. They are motivated and inspired by the action of a young Iranian woman who stood on a box in Enghelab (or Revolution) Street in Tehran prior to the massive anti-government protests that started at the end of December. Omid Memarian, a US-based Iranian journalist who was once imprisoned in Iran, wrote on social media that the fight against forced hijab is not about whether the hijab is good or bad. It's about choice and equality.
As the U.S. Department of State's 2016 Human Rights Report noted, Iranian women's rights are restricted in virtually all areas of society. Not only must they adhere to the compulsory hijab but their testimony is given half the weight of a man's in a court of law; they may not transmit citizenship to their children or to a noncitizen spouse; they are barred from running for high political office; social and legal restraints limit their educational and professional opportunities; and they are punished disproportionately for certain crimes.
The women of Iran deserve better. They deserve to be accorded their full, fundamental human rights, as the current protests over the compulsory hijab underscore.
In State Department Spokesperson Nauert's words, People should be free to choose the clothes they wear and practice their faith as they desire. Depriving individuals of this choice undermines their autonomy and dignity.

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VOA英文文本来自51VOA,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载.qOalZScgm%x|#Z;

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重点解析

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1. ... by standing up against the compulsory hijab imposed upon women.

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stand up against 反对,面对

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What we all respect and admire is the person who can stand up against overwhelming difficulties and persevere without an answer.
我们都敬佩和仰慕这样的人,他们能够悍然面对种种艰巨的困难,能够不问结果而坚持不懈BKYs%7koG7sw2

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2. Not only must they adhere to the compulsory hijab but their testimony is given half the weight of a man's in a court of law;

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adhere to 坚持,拥护,遵守

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We adhere to the contract.
我们遵守契约)7PEZ~&mQg|PE

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参考翻译
美国谴责报道中提到的逮捕至少29名伊朗示威者的行径,这些示威者只是为了行使自己的人权以及享受基本自由,所以反对女性必须带头巾的要求9|r|S+C(=svzMy^4e
美国国务院发言人希瑟 诺尔特(Heather Nauert)在一份声明中写道,美国始终坚定支持宗教自由的权利、言论自由的权利以及和平集会的权利1%H=J_C[gRcqWW4,fBF
特朗普总统曾说过,伊朗人民是伊朗政府一个最深恐惧的的源头e~3FLhhP9ay*5gjK5z
伊朗政府对女性关于必须佩戴头巾抗议所做出的反应再次显示了伊朗政府的这种恐惧心理L*^p@M!1*UK-VU!7!
社交媒体上流传着一些伊朗女性的视频和图片:她们站着,手中挥舞着从头上摘下来的头巾d5;L~P6k#wWw6D
还有一些男性和未摘掉头巾的女性也抗议强制带头巾的要求YFnWsCq(aNl&FU1RNs。他们都是受到了一位伊朗年轻女子的鼓舞和启发IlaIB.T3IxQ。这名女子站在德黑兰革命大街的一个箱子上,那时候还没有爆发始于12月底的大规模反政府示威,c3sL^DhP.wjl~pQ=。驻美国的伊朗记者奥米德(Omid Memarian)在伊朗期间曾受到监禁u3f*x(k^yL。他在社交媒体上写道,打击强制佩戴头巾的要求不是因为头巾本身好或不好,而是因为这件事关乎选择与平等K;0lLlcNIG@1]q1#nDVW
美国国务院2016年人权报告中指出,伊朗女性的权利在社会的各个领域都受到了限制sEIT^b=Ae]V.]y@PM@。她们不仅要遵守强制佩戴头巾的要求,就连她们在法庭上证词的分量也不过是男性的一半;女性无法将国籍传给自己的孩子或者非伊朗国籍的配偶;女性不得竞选高层政治岗位;社会约束和法律约束限制了她们接受教育和寻找工作的机会;某些罪行对女性的惩罚比男性重很多Sq8dQm03G7^p3=*2YQ[
伊朗的女性有权利过上更好的日子YOihEqf46=W53。她们有权利获得完整的基本人权,这一点在当前关于强制佩戴头巾的抗议中已经得到展现5HdTHsK1Jt9s!&VbC
用国务院发言人诺尔特的话来说,伊朗人应该享有按照个人意愿选择服饰和宗教信仰的自由V+j#Ed_%*~*)0sG^。剥夺个人的这种选择权会破坏人民的自主权和尊严FN]ifq@Hlt=)Qg]F

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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