VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):蜜蜂保护庄稼免受野象摧残
日期:2018-02-09 10:36

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Bees Protect Crops from Wild Elephants in India
People in Mayilattumpara, a village in southwest India, could not sleep at night.
Because of habitat loss, wild elephants would enter their village to look for food, destroying crops and farmland.
The villagers tried to keep the wild elephants out with electric fences, deep holes and plants believed to keep the animals away. They even tried beating drums. Nothing worked!
The repeated destruction of crops led some villagers to stop farming. But the situation turned around last year.
That is because residents have finally found what keeps the elephants away: honey bees.
Elephants, it turns out, are afraid of loudly buzzing bees and their stings.
A wire fence holding beehives now stretches along the border of the village. When elephants try to pass the 2.5 kilometer wire fence, angry bees swarm out and the elephants quickly flee, people in the village say.
Protected by the bees, farmers have returned to growing their crops. Some even started to cultivate honey.
Bees Protect Crops from Wild Elephants in India
The idea started in Africa
V.S. Roy works for the federal government’s Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA).
He said the idea for the fence came from the work of an Oxford university researcher, Lucy King. In 2008, King successfully tested whether honeybees would keep elephants away from areas in Kenya. Researchers in Tanzania had the same success.
Roy wondered, “If it could (work) in the African forest, why couldn’t it in the Kerala forest?” So, he worked with the farmer’s association in Mayilattumpara to start the experiment.
The fence cost about $8,000 with funding from the ATMA.
Johny Kochery has 9 hectares of farmland in the village. He said setting up the fence and beehives was not easy. The farmers needed to find the most effective fence and hive system. They also needed to learn how to replace diseased colonies, care for the bees and deal with the cost of keeping up the system.
Kochery said that last season the farmers were not able to make a profit. But this year they hope to have a big harvest.
The results of this experiment have encouraged farmers from other areas to try similar projects. The government also has been working to resolve conflict between humans and elephants by reducing deforestation and improving the elephants’ natural habitat.
E.A Jayson is a scientist with the Kerala Forest Research Institute. He said the fencing seems to keep the elephant away. But there are now new problems to solve.
“We have met with incidences of theft of beehive boxes,” Jayson said.
I’m Mario Ritter.

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重点解析

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1.make a profit 盈利

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This year the airline will be hard-pressed to make a profit.
今年该航空公司将很难赢利^LrQFueTNNR

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2.care for 照顾

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They hired a nurse to care for her.
他们雇了个护士来照顾她AeNcEzt0Corw9Z&5#h~

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3.look for 寻找

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We all need to look for ways to reduce our carbon footprint.
我们都需要寻求降低碳排放量的方法qBwBSy!ebE

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4.be afraid of 害怕

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He was afraid of hurting my feelings.
他怕伤了我的心ub22-vc2@4

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5.In 2008, King successfully tested whether honeybees would keep elephants away from areas in Kenya.

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keep away from 远离

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If you don't keep away from the dog, you may be bitten.
如果你不避开那只狗,你可能会被咬伤hl%h6132NSeK7FW+HADC
We all need to be careful and keep away from the crowded places.
我们都必须警惕,要远离拥挤的地方K.^eMsDmzE&tjB

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6.Elephants, it turns out, are afraid of loudly buzzing bees and their stings.

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in an effort to 为了...

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Whether it turns out to be a good idea or a bad idea, we'll find out.
它到底是个好主意还是坏主意我们很快会见分晓!09vF*jG@]
She'll put the blame on us if it turns out badly.
如果这件事结果不好,她会怪我们的iX=IaAqO34DIj_=p

参考译文

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蜜蜂保护庄稼免受野象摧残
在印度西南部一个名为“梅伊拉图帕拉”的小镇里,人们彻夜难眠T*WDnMPUKH+rSuwJ
由于栖息地的减少,野生大象会进村寻找食物,破坏庄稼和农场oWCheR;*cQSC_1;t%Ym
村民试图用电栅栏、深坑和能够隔离动物的植物来阻拦野生大象omke#dBUr85[k|+@p~。他们甚至敲锣打鼓0m&vpKbJ(-kG7~Wj.+A。然而却毫无起色J&Z@@ZZo|LR]QU[AH
庄稼不断遭到破坏导致一些村民放弃种植庄稼n&=kEZ=cS~|pZu%OET。不过,去年这一情况逐渐好转*7#qD49Hv3o5b7jP]k[^
村民们最终发现了能够阻拦大象的方法:蜜蜂[^oIP6W2zNe%G
事实证明,大象害怕成群的蜜蜂,怕被它们叮咬igWBbG7@J%

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蜜蜂保护庄稼免受野象摧残.jpg
村庄周边设置了挂满蜂房的铁丝网栅栏7ih%k,WbsGr。村民们说,当大象越过长达2.5千米的栅栏时,生气的蜜蜂会倾巢而出,而大象很快落荒而逃)t9Yrn29d^H
在蜜蜂的保护下,村民开始重新种植庄稼#0wtgEReIrQ3Nz。一些人甚至开始采集蜂蜜kcyM*jMHMGJ2CE3
罗伊在联邦政府的农业科技管理部门工作7-vDZeag)#&^l61I4;5s
他说,栅栏的想法是牛津大学学者露西·金(Lucy King)提出的45Sj~FGY+JOBHdvO%CN;。2008年,露西成功测试蜜蜂能否可阻挡肯尼亚地区的大象[Ixgoixy@@1JdD+I-vK。而坦桑尼亚研究者也同样获得了成功]nCd=]]LqUjP]Y_|U
罗伊想:“如果这种方法在非洲森林有效,为何不在客拉拉邦的森林中试一下呢?”因此,他与梅伊拉图帕拉的农民合作开启了这项实验j5jnnD0R+j_PdCpy3
栅栏由联邦政府农业科技管理部门斥资8000美元建造E-3to|E1OFXWq
约翰尼·考克尔在村里拥有9公顷的农田CprrD[[DKd#ykq*09。他表示,建造栅栏和蜂巢并不容易)N3BZHJW28ridV。农民需要发现最有效的栅栏和蜂巢系统HlN&nj=gFi。他们还需要学会如何替换生病的蜂群,照顾蜜蜂,承担养殖蜂群的费用8Xs0S#wavK^
考克尔说,上一季度农民没有盈利nxw+!T_Z3.E-。不过今年,他们希望能获得大丰收KWRgvbbBKy*
此次实验的结果鼓舞了其他地区的农民尝试类似的项目NW+d@DBNRqINR7Ow(@。政府还致力于通过减少森林砍伐和改善大象的自然栖息地来解决人类和大象之间的冲突W4R[.%XgV9Aus
杰森是客拉拉邦森林研究所的科学家UI-Qxtx+PT_a|Thff!wA。他说,栅栏似乎可以阻挡大象M.WB6R5PyK=。但是现在还有新问题亟待解决U#49VTMzhoGN.K;
“现在,偶尔会出现偷蜂巢的贼,”杰森说道YJ(5sV_0WV
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • destructionn. 破坏,毁灭,破坏者
  • resolven. 决定之事,决心,坚决 vt. 决定,解决,分离,表
  • associationn. 联合,结合,交往,协会,社团,联想
  • bordern. 边界,边境,边缘 vt. 与 ... 接壤,加边于
  • settingn. 安装,放置,周围,环境,(为诗等谱写的)乐曲 动词
  • blamen. 过失,责备 vt. 把 ... 归咎于,责备
  • cultivatevt. 培养,耕作,栽培,结交(朋友), 促进增长,教养
  • fencen. 栅栏,围墙,击剑术 n. 买卖赃物的人 v. 用篱
  • fleevi. 逃跑,逃走,消失,(时间)飞逝 vt. 逃避
  • effectiveadj. 有效的,有影响的