Google Doodle Honors Carter G. Woodson, the 'Father of Black History'
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February 1 marks the beginning of Black History Month in the United States and other countries around the world.
On Thursday, Google honored the month with a special Google Doodle of African-American historian Carter G. Woodson. Experts call him the "Father of Black History."
Woodson was born in the state of Virginia in 1875. His parents were both former slaves. Neither of his parents ever had the chance to learn to read or write. Woodson, however, had a strong interest in education. Because he spent much of his youth helping his family by working in farming and mining, Woodson mostly taught himself.
Woodson entered high school at the age of 20 and received his diploma in just two years.
He went on to become the second African-American in history to earn a doctorate from Harvard University. He was among the earliest scholars of black history.
Woodson launched a publication called the Journal of Negro History. It was later renamed the Journal of African American History. In it, he and other experts wrote about African-American life and history. He also wrote more than 12 books on the topic during his lifetime.
In 1926, Woodson developed an education program on the study of African-American history. The one-week program was called Negro History Week. It took place in February. Woodson chose February because it was the birth month of abolitionist Frederick Douglass and President Abraham Lincoln.
That weeklong program later expanded to become what is known today as Black History Month.
The Google Doodle shows Woodson sitting at a desk and writing, with other African-American leaders by his side.
Virginia-based artist Shannon Wright designed the Google Doodle. The Black Googlers Network helped develop it.
Sherice Torres is Google's director of brand marketing and a member of Black Googlers Network. She wrote about Woodson and the story behind the doodle. She said that Woodson's life story inspired her to choose African American Studies as her major in college.
Thursday's Doodle is just one of Google's efforts to mark Black History Month. Its popular Arts and Culture app lets users explore art, historical artifacts and stories related to African-American history and culture in America.
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I'm Jonathan Evans.
1.took place 发生
The interview took place on a Friday afternoon.
2.related to 与...有关
Light industry is closely related to agriculture.
3.historical artifacts 历史文物
Museums are great repositories of mankind's historical artifacts and achievements in art.
4.high school 高中
At my brother's high school graduation the students recited a poem.
5.Woodson entered high school at the age of 20 and received his diploma in just two years.
at the age of 在...的年纪
He'd dropped out of high school at the age of 16.
He died in a nursing home at the age of 87.
6.February 1 marks the beginning of Black History Month in the United States and other countries around the world.
marks the beginning of 标志着...的开端
I hope your trip to China will mark the beginning of longstanding cooperation between us.
We hope it will mark the beginning of our close cooperation in the years to come.
周四，谷歌发布了一款特殊涂鸦纪念这一特殊月份，涂鸦的主人公是美国历史学家卡特·伍德森 。专家称他为“黑人历史之父” 。
1875年，伍德森出生于弗吉尼亚州 。他的父母以前是奴隶 。他们都没有机会读书写字 。然而，伍德森对学习十分感兴趣 。由于年少时，他大部分的时间都在农场、矿场帮父母劳作，因此，伍德森很多情况下都靠自学 。
后来，他成为历史上第二位获得哈佛大学博士学位的非裔美国人 。他是黑人历史上早期的学者之一 。
伍德森出版了一本《黑人历史杂志》刊物 。其后更名为《非裔美国人历史杂志》 。他和其他作者在书中介绍了关于非洲裔美国人的生活和历史 。他还写了超过12本关于这一话题的专著 。
1926年，伍德森创办了一个研究非裔美国人历史的教育项目 。这个为期一周的项目被称为“黑人历史周” 。时间选在了二月份 。选择二月的理由是因为废奴主义者弗雷德里克·道格拉斯和亚伯拉罕·林肯总统均在该月份出生 。
弗吉尼亚的艺术家香农·莱特（Shannon Wright）设计了这款涂鸦 。“黑人谷歌员工网络”辅助开发 。
谢瑞思·托雷斯（Sherice Torres）是谷歌的品牌营销总监和“黑人谷歌员工网络”的员工 。她写出了关于伍德森和涂鸦的背景故事 。她表示，受伍德森故事的激励，大学专业选择的是非裔美国人研究 。
周四的涂鸦只是谷歌纪念“黑人历史月”的方式之一 。谷歌著名的“艺术和文化”软件能够让用户了解与美国黑人历史、文化有关的艺术作品、历史文物和背景故事 。