VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):152年首现"超级蓝血月全食"
日期:2018-02-01 15:18

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Sky Watchers Prepare For the 'Super Bowl' of Moons
This is What's Trending Today.
The moon is providing a rare triple treat this week.
On Wednesday, much of the world will get to see not only a blue moon and a "supermoon," but also a total lunar eclipse.
Having all three events taking place at the same time is extremely unusual. Astronomers say this has not happened since 1982. And it won't happen again until 2037.
A total lunar eclipse happens when the Earth comes between the Sun and a full moon. The Earth blocks the sun's light, making the moon appear dark in the sky.
The eclipse will be easiest to see in the western half of the United States and Canada before the moon sets early Wednesday morning. It will also be visible across the Pacific Ocean into East Asia as the moon rises Wednesday night into Thursday.
The U.S. East Coast, however, is out of luck. The moon will be setting just as the eclipse gets started. Europe, most of Africa and South America also will miss out.
A blue moon is a second full moon in one month. It is rare enough that English speakers use the expression "once in a blue moon" to describe something that does not happen often!
A supermoon is a full or new moon. It appears brighter and bigger than usual because the moon is closer to the earth than usual.
In a total lunar eclipse, the Earth covers the moon's surface with its shadow, giving it a red-like color. For that reason, it is also known as a "blood moon."
Some people are calling this week's lunar event a "super blue blood moon."
Noah Petro is a scientist with the American space agency NASA. He is calling the lunar event, "the Super Bowl of moons."
No matter the name, it is likely to impress if the skies are clear.
As the sun lines up perfectly with the Earth and then the moon for the eclipse, scientists will make observations from a telescope in Hawaii. They are also planning to collect information from NASA's moon-circling Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter.
Just as last August's total solar eclipse cooled the Earth's surface, a lunar eclipse cools the surface of the moon. It's this sudden cooling — from the heat of direct sunlight to almost a deep freeze — that researchers will be studying.
And that's What's Trending Today.
I'm Ashley Thompson.

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重点解析

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1.lunar eclipse 月食

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Last week we witnessed the first lunar eclipse in the new century.
上周我们观看了新世纪第一次月食Xi&9j2KkV9kj5Q50

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2.solar eclipse 日食

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The time when a solar eclipse will occur can be calculated.
日食发生的时间可以推算出来EM^+Q=WF|q

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3.known as 被称为...

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China has always been known as a land of propriety and righteousness.
中国从来以礼义之邦著称7@z0-ahLlJ9

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4.blood moon 血月

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The Moon will appear orange or red, the result of sunlight scattering off our atmosphere, hence the name Blood Moon.
由于阳光穿过地球大气层时发生散射,月亮将呈现橘色或红色,因此得名血月^ZFmu,LDbf7Lw

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5.The U.S. East Coast, however, is out of luck.

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out of luck 运气不好

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He's been out of luck this year.
他今年不太顺mspV@5sRn#
We missed our train, and was out of luck in getting to work on time.
我们错过了火车,倒霉的是没按时赶上上班l+5yyzWl7@2

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6.As the sun lines up perfectly with the Earth and then the moon for the eclipse, scientists will make observations from a telescope in Hawaii.

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lines up 排列;排队

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The senior leaders lined up behind him in orderly rows.
高级将领整齐有序地在他身后站成几排(uF.Qys3o]tg
I would line up my toys on this windowsill and play.
我会把玩具排在这个窗台上来玩w]GBq3Ox&9bK.kJ

参考译文

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奇观!152年首次现“超级蓝血月全食”
这里是《今日热点》节目yZ;e-)ZMQqHLQFiqb4
本周,月亮将为人们演绎一次罕见的“三部曲”%-%ymaFyp2Gml1[TkM-
周三,全球多地不仅能看到蓝月亮和超级月亮,还将看到月全食V5^bybbDok..Xr&%
三种现象同时出现的概率非常小jeYxGY29A.^%xV。天文学家表示,自1982年以来,从未发生过如此奇观FjtN~@s5okxpQCz4z]。下一次出现要等到2037年a2n@xQ_*A;k^
当地球运行至太阳和满月之间时会发生月全食D5Lk|~#0a;9Lu0Mw。地球遮住了太阳光线,月亮黯然失色9ZdU_e00&oanZOj,R
周三凌晨月亮落下前,美国和加拿大的西半部很容易能观赏到这次月食[@4(&ED3ae@;d。待周三晚间至周四凌晨,整个太平洋地区和东亚地区也能看到此次月食cm+wW9&X,z|Tt7a

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超级蓝血月全食.jpg
然而,美国东海岸地区就没这么走运了DA)xsJy4er&U%。月食才刚刚开始,月亮就要落下了V3Nn5F(xmHrzKFl^MMi。而欧洲、非洲大部分地区及南美洲也将无缘这次月食0vjI9nWo9|n
“蓝月亮”是指一个月内的第二次满月uGqEV#kNhGhR。这类现象极其罕见,因此,说英语的人常用“千载难逢(once in a blue moon)”形容少见的事情GBb2;[~3W.c
“超级月亮”是指满月或新月T2t*A7SM|zZ。因月亮比往常更靠近地球,所以看起来也比平常更大更亮AM^yLfQu[W;^xXOK
在月全食过程中,地球的阴影遮住了月亮表面,导致其呈现红色Xu_Jo0I2(C!os4&5t[。因此,它也被称为“血月”G94CdK+B%qsiun&Rd
有些人将本周的月球活动称为“超级蓝血月全食”qe=6Kxw~Ko
诺亚·佩特罗(Noah Petro)是美国宇航局的科学家%k=40Vgrukw,ET1U。他称这次月球事件为“月亮超级碗”&!Ta)m]+I,1RP
撇开各种“美称”,如果天空晴朗,它可能会给人留下深刻印象H.5.YRM)!i(d
当太阳、地球和月球完美地并排形成月食时,科学家们将在夏威夷利用望远镜进行观测tHBrpqTbF&]=zO3@。他们还计划通过美国宇航局绕月飞行的月球轨道探测器收集信息WyNY7!bw[nl2q
正如去年8月的日全食让地球表面降温,月全食也会让月亮表面降温up=Sqx+~HJAPN。研究人员将进一步分析这种突如其来的降温——从太阳照射的温度至几近严寒W8qeBj5QZjSs*#
以上为《今日热点》z)wZ4bj7Q)GW]6LZpt@7
阿什利·汤普森为您播报RIF8crR~=oL

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • righteousnessn. 正直;正义;公正;正当
  • unusualadj. 不平常的,异常的
  • impressn. 印象,特徵,印记 v. 使 ... 有印象,影响,
  • collectv. 收集,聚集 v. 推论 adv. 接收者付款
  • reconnaissancen. 侦察,勘察
  • pacificn. 太平洋 adj. 太平洋的 pacific adj
  • bowln. 碗,碗状物,季后赛,圆形露天剧场 v. 打保龄球,
  • eclipsen. 日或月食,丧失,没落 vt. 形成日或月食,使 .
  • rareadj. 稀罕的,稀薄的,罕见的,珍贵的 adj. 煎得
  • proprietyn. 适当,正当,得体 (复数)proprieties: