VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):法国虎鲸会说"你好和再见"
日期:2018-02-01 11:07

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Meet the Whale That Can Say 'Hello' and 'Bye Bye'
This is What's Trending Today...
Wikie is a 14-year-old whale living in captivity in France.
Wikie is an orca. Orcas are extremely smart, making them dangerous to their prey. Orcas are also called "killer whales."
Their intelligence makes them easy for humans to train. Many captive orcas perform tricks for audiences at marine parks. And, as it turns out, orcas can even be trained to "speak" using human language.
An group of international researchers said this week they taught Wikie to repeat human words.
They taught her to mimic words like "hello," "bye bye" and the name "Amy." She also repeated numbers as well as sounds made by the researchers.
Wikie was a quick learner; she was able to mimic a word or sound after just 10 tries.
(You can listen to Wikie's sounds here:)
The news made Wikie a trending topic on social media.
In the wild, orcas live in groups of whales called pods. Each pod uses different sounds and calls to communicate with each other.
Scientists already knew that orcas were able to learn new whale "dialects." One orca even learned to communicate with a dolphin while living with it in captivity.
Although Wikie is able to mimic human words and sounds, that does not mean she can understand them.
Josep Call is a professor of evolutionary origins of mind at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. He is the co-author of the study. He told The Guardian this week that there is no evidence that Wikie understands what ‘hello' stands for.
But the orca's ability is, in Call's words, "impressive -- even though the morphology of orcas is so different, they can still produce a sound that comes close to what another species, in this case us, can produce."
The study was published in the journal Royal Society B: Biological Sciences.
And that's What's Trending Today.
I'm Ashley Thompson.

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重点解析

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1.marine park 海洋公园

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No person shall establish or have under his control any fish culture in a marine park or marine reserve.
任何人不得在海岸公园或海岸保护区内设立或控制任何鱼类养殖%a+icYKSc7m-wSt69

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2.close to 接近

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I was close to tears with frustration, but I held back.
我沮丧得快要哭出来,但我忍住了aWnj|]3~MbQ

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3.social media 社交媒体

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We have all witnessed the power of social media.
我们见证了社交媒体的实力E@JewuPN&.X7bS

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4.stands for 代表;象征

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The party is trying to give the impression that it alone stands for democracy.
该党正试图让大家觉得只有它才是民主的代表tBwXp74Di9~mZ

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5.He told The Guardian this week that there is no evidence that Wikie understands what ‘hello' stands for.

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there is no evidence 没有证据...

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There is no evidence for such a historical personage.
没有证据表明存在这样一位历史人物3VO34PoMIr(~&g
There is no evidence whatever that competition in broadcasting has ever reduced costs
没有任何证据表明,广播业的竞争使成本有所降低M;MxQ.&cGh7c-nT.w73~

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6.They can still produce a sound that comes close to what another species, in this case us, can produce."

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in this case 在这种情况下

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We can make an exception in this case.
此事可以通融nQ&TL5s7mO(ECS3
I don't give interviews as a general rule, but in this case I will make an exception.
通常我不会见别人,不过,这次我会破例的tb%q-i(8S*]Eq@N

参考译文

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法国虎鲸会说“你好和再见”
这里是《今日热点》节目SwWf4m-xRez9MEDJoF|
薇姬(Wikie)是一头14岁的鲸鱼,现圈养在法国UWjewJujK%+7P%t8r
薇姬是一头虎鲸GpOh(aH~4c。虎鲸非常聪明,这对于它们的猎物来说十分危险=!wZ,hUkZ)FvKE4].XY。虎鲸也被称为“杀人鲸”l5h5l)RmY3NGP1wc
虎鲸智力高超,训练难度小Y2mFvMehdCA。许多被圈养的虎鲸在海洋公园为观众表演魔术p_#kFDf,VeLz。而且,事实证明,虎鲸甚至还可以接受训练,用人类的语言“说话”9!][hZ_@C%7zg6H%2L
本周,一组国际研究人员表示,他们教薇姬重复人类的语言b~Q0*tDgcM,zX@OijVb

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法国虎鲸会说“你好和再见”.JPEG
他们教她模仿“你好”、“再见”和人名“艾米”的发音ulD(5z.;pk(B~_ONa3。她甚至还重复了研究人员发出的声音和数字)Ig%3hQhlsdXTJEex
薇姬学的很快%URNQ0#mp30wI*dUYde。只需尝试10次她就能模仿一个单词或声音M8%9oTBvh7A]iPrPK
这条新闻让薇姬成为社交媒体上的热门话题Xou=W~[ns.q=AXE
在野外,虎鲸通常以“群居”的方式生活%(f=C,sQ^(38Awosm;_g。每个群体会使用不同的声音和叫声进行交流q=N)sC#7W4
科学家们了解到,虎鲸能够学习其他鲸鱼的“方言”wJsmXDWNL]=b4-3xQ;9y。一头虎鲸甚至在圈养期间学会了与海豚交流jETsfaf1i+o%OTf=
虽然薇姬能够模仿人类的语言和发音,但这并不意味着她能理解词语的含义61]Y0O(l(R
约瑟(Josep Call)是苏格兰圣安德鲁斯大学进化起源学科的教授GL3nWkSHFOs。他是这项研究的合著者&QSF3E,C_5b0M6bpD@。本周,他对《卫报》表示,没有证据表明薇姬能够理解“你好”的含义suth^-#2r@VmM
不过,约瑟指出“虎鲸的能力令人印象深刻——尽管虎鲸的形态各异,但它们却能发出类似另一个物种的声音——这种人类才具备的能力T+4pHXoliMW。”
这项研究发表在《英国皇家学会学报B:生物科学》上~9yWV](!)-Ie
以上为《今日热点》C&6H~s!ukcD_o8v5i
阿什利·汤普森为您播报,IV[9zlEJ-|AV

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • reserven. 预备品,贮存,候补 n. 克制,含蓄 vt. 保留
  • podn. 豆荚 v. 剥掉(豆荚)
  • frustrationn. 挫折,令人沮丧的东西
  • producen. 产品,农作物 vt. 生产,提出,引起,分娩,制片
  • performv. 执行,运转,举行,表演
  • socialadj. 社会的,社交的 n. 社交聚会
  • impressiveadj. 给人深刻印象的
  • whalen. 鲸 vi. 捕鲸 v. 鞭打,打击,打败
  • guardiann. 保护人,监护人
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支