CNN双语新闻(翻译+字幕+讲解):日本东京首次针对他国发射导弹实施避难演习
日期:2018-02-05 10:11

(单词翻译:单击)

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正文文本

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For the first time since World War II ended in 1945, the Japanese capital of Tokyo held a drill that simulated a missile attack. Part of the drill, as you see here, was staged in an amusement park. It took about 10 minutes from start to finish, instructions came out through text messages and a loud speaker, and people who volunteered to participate moved quickly and calmly to some designated safe areas, most of those were underground.
Dozens of drills like this have been held across Japan in recent months. Like the U.S., Japan is a rival of North Korea, and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe says that the missile threat from North Korea has made the security situation in Japan the toughest since World War II.
Japan has been making large purchases of military equipment recently, mostly from the U.S. And critics are concerned that Japanese leaders might be working toward expanding the military beyond its role of self defense, and they accused the Japanese government of politicizing the threat from North Korea.
Japanese government officials say the two intercontinental ballistic missiles that North Korea fired over Japan last year are reasons why emergency drills are needed.

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日本东京举行导弹演习.jpg

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NICK PATON WALSH, CNN SENIOR INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT: Nuclear weapons are terrifying devices, but much less of a threat until they are carried in a distance by a ballistic missile.
These ballistic missiles normally follow a curve. They fly into the air and follow and follow a predetermined trajectory until they hit a target.
This requires intense preparation and testing.
So, who has those and how can we defend against them?
Thirty-one countries are known to have ballistic missiles. Twenty-six have missiles that can travel at least 300 kilometers. And twelve are known to be able to reach a thousand kilometers.
Eight countries' missiles fall into the last category, reaching at least 5,500 kilometers. These include ICBMs, intercontinental ballistic missiles, that can fly half-way around the world.
Now, these are just the missiles that we know about. There's an underground trade in some of this technology, traded illegally on the black market. That's thought to have happened after breakup of the Soviet Union. Iran has also been accused of providing missile technology to Houthi rebels in Yemen.
So, what can nations do to defend against them? The more they spread, the greater the focus on missile defense systems. Eighteen countries already have invested in some form of these vastly expensive systems, and five more are in the process of developing or purchasing them.
But that didn't solve the problem and it's unclear how effective they are. For instance, two countries that the U.S. sees as threats, North Korea and Iran, have far more missiles than the U.S. or any other country has interceptors. So, really, the U.S. or its allies need a strategy to deal with hostile missiles before they're even launched.

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参考译文

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自第二次世界大战1945年结束以来,日本首都东京首次举行模拟导弹袭击演习XBk#ai,g+~e@1。如大家所见,部分演习在一座游乐场里进行xI%LAh#a2ZR3,DVmaoI。演习从开始到结束历时约10分钟,指示通过短信和扬声器发出,然后参加演习的志愿者迅速移动,冷静地前往指定安全区域,大多数安全区位于地下yFGf1J_BR8G6a^
最近几个月,日本各地举行了数十场类似演习z=C&6gt^w!_LbZLe。和美国一样,日本也是朝鲜的对手,日本首相安倍晋三表示,来自朝鲜的导弹威胁使日本面临着二战以来最严峻的安全形势hFD]sz.*;9kXz
最近日本一直在大量购买军事装备,大多数装备从美国购入#&3kB+^fMa.xg1!lYd+。批评人士担心日本领导人可能正朝着使军队扩大至超出自卫范围的方向前进,他们指责日本政府将来自朝鲜的威胁政治化edY^Bz]ZOZUW
日本政府官员表示,去年朝鲜发射了两枚飞越日本的洲际弹道导弹,这是需要进行应急演习的原因4hpO28]mE0^n)GTzKjVw
CNN高级国际记者尼克·佩顿·沃尔什:核武器是是可怕的设备,但是在被装载在弹道导弹上之前,其没有多大威胁(1TiO~Wcd,.^vf=Yawu
这些弹道导弹通常沿曲线飞行2ZlZgzVFm;L]k。它们升入空中后,按照既定轨迹飞行,然后击中目标k@WPn=1w^F(hVE=[
这要求高强度的准备工作和测试^,LhU+z6KIW*fwo
都有哪些国家拥有弹道导弹,我们如何防御?
目前已知有31个国家拥有弹道导弹gdRWho;N+rE*YB*G|WE。26个国家拥有射程至少可达300千米的导弹YW(l)|z|USty7u]6324。12个国家拥有射程可达1000千米的导弹B|];-E5q6nBG3Fec
8个国家拥有属于最后一类的导弹,即射程至少为5500千米的导弹*vrwsd=Mag。这些导弹包括洲际弹道导弹(简称ICBM),射程可覆盖半个地球G3hr2j0oM@
这些是目前我们知道的导弹57igqVa0!n=R4qOu。这种技术在黑市存在非法地下交易xRf2*ctr40L~k.S|。据说这种交易在苏联解体后开始出现yj__sUnnv5&HK,。伊朗还被控向也门的胡塞武装提供导弹技术YJn.e5RvF-G_CQ1D0h
各国能做些什么来防御导弹?扩散得越多,导弹防御系统获得的关注就越大Q(!i3mVi78hh.q*STYs。目前已有18个国家对某种极为昂贵的导弹防御系统进行了投资,还有5个国家正在研制或购买导弹防御系统w]z||*fBfOpeH@.
但是这没有解决问题,目前并不清楚这些系统的效果如何H2*K^bBO*A;pv。比如,朝鲜和伊朗被美国视为威胁,而这两个国家所拥有的导弹数量远远超过美国或任何拥有拦截系统的国家IVBk~T!21f^.*3j=B!。所以,在导弹发射之前,美国或其盟友需要找到一种可以应对敌对导弹的战略^fk@#8.e_Y,9K4

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译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载

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重点讲解

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重点讲解:
1. be able to do sth. 可以…的,能够…的;
例句:We were only able to make a rough estimate of how much fuel would be required.
我们只能对所需燃料作一个粗略的估计@bEk_RsSm^s7
2. fall into 属于;被划分为;
例句:The problems generally fall into two categories.
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3. invest in 投资;
例句:It pays to invest in protective clothing.
在防护服上投资是值得的|4xfDzfo!RL3Gz
4. in the process of 在…的过程中;正在做;
例句:Her novel is in the process of being turned into a television series.
她的小说正被拍成电视连续剧ONe!X2fE%UA]oy

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重点单词
  • strategyn. 战略,策略
  • solvev. 解决,解答
  • roughadj. 粗糙的,粗略的,粗暴的,艰难的,讨厌的,不适的
  • unclearadj. 不清楚的;不易了解的
  • defensen. 防卫,防卫物,辩护 vt. 防守
  • correspondentn. 通讯记者,通信者 adj. 与 ... 一致的,相
  • missilen. 导弹,投射物
  • threatn. 威胁,凶兆 vt. 威胁, 恐吓
  • intenseadj. 强烈的,剧烈的,热烈的
  • curven. 曲线,弯曲,弧线,弯曲物 vt. 使...弯