VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):特朗普解释"美国优先"并非美国独来独往
日期:2018-01-27 21:45

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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United States President Donald Trump repeated his ‘America First' message in a speech Friday to the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.
But he said although his policies seek to put America first, this "does not mean America alone."
When the United States grows, so does the world, Trump said. He added that U.S. economic growth, creativity and innovation has led to the creation of countless jobs around the globe.
The World Economic Forum is a not-for-profit organization established in 1971. The yearly meeting is attended by world political and business leaders, including many heads of state.
Trump's comments about his ‘America First' policies were expected at the gathering. But some experts were unsure how the theme would be received: the Davos meeting traditionally centers on global economic growth.
Trump said the U.S. economy had improved during his first year in office. He pointed to the creation of 2.4 million jobs, dropping unemployment rates and record highs in the stock market. This growth, Trump said, had created a great chance for global investment in America.
I'm here to deliver a simple message: There has never been a better time to hire, to build, to invest and to grow in the United States. America is open for business and we are competitive once again.
However, Trump said he believes the current international trading system is unfair. He said it does not reward nations that "play by the rules."
We cannot have free and open trade if some countries exploit the system at the expense of others. We support free trade, but it needs to be fair, and it needs to be reciprocal. Because in the end, unfair trade undermines us all.
Trump also spoke about the Trans-Pacific Partnership free trade agreement. The U.S. president said he is willing to negotiate trade deals individually or as a group with nations in that agreement.
Last year, Trump withdrew the U.S. from the Trans-Pacific Partnership, which includes 11 Pacific area nations. Trump said the U.S. already has agreements with several member nations. He added that the U.S. would consider negotiating with others, as long as it is in all of our interests.
Before his trip to Davos, Trump signed an executive order that placed import taxes on washing machines and solar panels. The order calls for a 30 percent tax on imported solar panels.
A 20 percent tax will be placed on the first 1.2 million imported washers in the first year. A 50 percent tax will be placed on additional imported washers.
China and South Korea quickly condemned the action. U.S. solar industry officials also criticized the move. They predicted the new import taxes would lead to thousands of job losses and price increases.
While at the Davos meeting, Trump also held talks with the leaders of Britain, Israel, Switzerland and Rwanda.
I'm Bryan Lynn.

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重点解析

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1.center on 以……为中心,围绕

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Typically, these discussions center on the technical capabilities and the how-to of these solutions.
通常,这些讨论都围绕这些解决方案的技术功能和实现方法T1MXi~ng+5mS4S

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2.point to 提出,指向

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When asked to explain where all the money had gone,father pointed to the rising prices.
当问及爸爸所有的钱都用于何处时,他指着不断上涨的物价AmhuYzO=Vm5XZ3vs(f

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3.once again 再一次

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They once again held out on him when he asked to leave the army.
他退伍的要求再一次遭到了拒绝8#mK~|uFED

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4.play by the rule 遵守规则,按规矩竞争

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If you play by the rule of capitalism, businesses don't get government subsidies for their losses.
如果你按照资本主义的规矩来玩,企业的亏损不会获得政府的津贴fcY#,FP|dNXRP)*Pfs

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5.He added that U.S. economic growth, creativity and innovation has led to the creation of countless jobs around the globe.

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lead to 导致,引起

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This can lead to significant distress, but have no fear!
这可能导致巨大的压力,但是不要害怕!
Heart failure led to her father's death.
心力衰竭导致她父亲的死亡6%aF)w4S|Q

参考译文

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在周五参加瑞士达沃斯举办的世界经济论坛期间,美国总统特朗普重申了‘美国优先’的理念D+G7O7_-Bi#1z
但他表示,虽然他的政策将美国利益放在首要地位,但这“并不代表美国要独来独往^=*PxdDXl_。”
特朗普表示,如果美国经济增长,那么世界经济也会增长SMt&tUnm.sV!oT。他补充道,美国的经济增长、创造力和创新为全球人民创造了无数的工作岗位8_%K+B7(c8fR.0^DMr
世界经济论坛是1971年成立的非营利组织kc@o~5HmF5ex=4。其年度会议上会有世界政治领袖、商界领袖参加,其中不乏很多国家元首v+Cnjt&5K_DXoP2K|
特朗普对‘美国优先’的演讲是很多人在达沃斯会议前就预测到的B;F(Ya!kC=QbFjP。但对于其收效如何,一些专家不是很确定:毕竟达沃斯论坛以前的主题都是全球经济发展CKI;MPEq3I

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特朗普表示,美国经济在其上任第一年间已经有所提升-c9riYd~D(xn-dvm&otJ。他提到美国新创240万个就业岗位、失业率有所下降、股市创历史新高等例子F^R|%|&J[0s。特朗普表示,美国的经济增长为全球在美投资创造了很好的机会cUC~cf+pP19]B#Rm_%
我今天来到这里是想传达一个简单的讯息:现在是在美创业、建造、投资、发展的最好时机VpaOyGetLy。美国时刻敞开着商业的大门,我们已经重获竞争力了Kk(bk~1sk#]MAX%
不过,特朗普表示,他认为当前的国际交易系统并不公正FDFw.J!5_f。他表示,当前的国际交易系统并不照顾那些“按规则竞争”的国家FZOgs4rXlAd~Hx
如果有些国家牺牲其他国家的利益来利用交易系统的话,美国就无法享有自由公开的贸易d]zn[z.o);5Z。美国支持自由贸易,但前提是必须要公正互惠,因为不公正的贸易最后对大家都有害~w_%bJe-ZOW[-Xe49DIP
特朗普还谈及跨太平洋伙伴关系自由贸易协定0Yy-SpCv]Q|[t1Xt。特朗普表示自己愿意与该协定的伙伴国以单独或者群组协商的方式来商定贸易协定6CvJ)b2UnO1=P
去年,特朗普退出了包括括11个太平洋地区国家在内的跨太平洋伙伴关系MyGv-C[yK4*。特朗普表示,美国已经与其中的几个成员国签订了协定OCT%Apt^AF8+。他补充道,只要有利于双方的利益,美国就会考虑与其他国家进行协商^mxUT55Jfs(y~fE
在此次出访达沃斯之前,特朗普签订了一份总统令,对洗衣机和太阳能电池板征收进口税=plT&]uV=xeSHy。这份总统令要求对进口太阳能电池板收取30%的进口税fGeHa,fRvei0)
美国将对第一年进口的头120万洗衣机征收20%的进口税,对其后进口的洗衣机将征收50%的进口税e0||fWp=yvEv(
中韩两国迅速谴责了美国的行径naT0g8sh*JeT+4yIptI。美国太阳能行业的一些业内人士也谴责了这一行径br.xqV#BfZQt0c。据他们预测,新设置的进口税将导致无数人失业,物价飙升WE~w*_F|K6rGWow
在参加达沃斯论坛期间,特朗普还与英国、以色列、瑞士、卢旺达等国的领导人进行了会谈.1kBq1xs[g3=pD]ida
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • importn. 进口,进口商品,意义 v. 进口,输入
  • additionaladj. 附加的,另外的
  • establishedadj. 已被确认的,确定的,建立的,制定的 动词est
  • exploitvt. 剥削,利用,开拓,开采,开发 n. 功绩,勋绩,
  • unemploymentn. 失业,失业人数
  • currentn. (水、气、电)流,趋势 adj. 流通的,现在的,
  • executiveadj. 行政的,决策的,经营的,[计算机]执行指令 n
  • themen. 题目,主题
  • willingadj. 愿意的,心甘情愿的
  • stockn. 存货,储备; 树干; 血统; 股份; 家畜 adj