VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国是巴西最大的非法枪支来源
日期:2018-01-26 14:34

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听力文本

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Report: US Is Largest Source of Illegal Guns in Brazil
Brazilian police claim the United States is the largest supplier of guns that end up in the hands of Brazil's armed criminals and drug dealers.
Brazilian Federal Police released a report on guns in December 2017. The Reuters news agency published a story on the findings earlier this month.
The report noted that Brazilian police have seized more than 10,000 weapons since 2014. It said most were seized in and around the city of Rio de Janeiro.
About 1,500 of the guns came from the United States. Reuters noted that the guns often traveled through another country before arriving in Brazil.
The news agency said that the U.S. weapons were mainly assault rifles and high-powered handguns. It noted that guns already in Brazil or arriving from other countries were often smaller handguns.
"The US continues to be the largest indirect source of illegal handguns and assault rifles as a result of unrestricted sales in stores and fairs in American cities," the report said.
Violence fueled by illegal guns has risen in Brazil since 2015. An economic recession from 2015 to 2017 led to spending cuts for many police forces around the country. The federal government sent troops to Rio de Janeiro and other areas last year to control violence related to the drug trade.
The report calls for international groups, such as the United Nations and the Mercosur trade group, to offer more support to stop illegal arms trafficking. Mercosur has four member countries: Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay.
The report named eight foreign stores. They are suspected of selling the most high-powered guns that ended up in Brazil. Five of the eight are in Florida, in the southeastern United States. The largest seller, however, was a store in Paraguay.
Guns from the United States generally enter Brazil through direct shipments of assembled weapons, shipments of gun parts or indirect shipments through a third country.
Brazilian citizens can legally own guns, but only if they meet a series of requirements. Even then, they can only buy small-powered weapons.
In the United States, laws governing gun purchases differ from one state to the next. But it can be a relatively simple process to buy a gun or get one that was legally sold to another person.
The Brazilian police report noted an instance in which 22 assault rifles arrived in Brazil in a shipment of furniture. Most of those guns ended up in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.
In another incident, 60 assault rifles from Miami, Florida were discovered inside swimming pool heaters in a shipment at a Rio airport.
The report noted that the entry of high-powered weapons into Brazil is linked to groups known to rob banks, bank ATMs and armored vehicles.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

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重点解析

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1.drug dealers 毒贩

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The team posed as drug dealers to trap the ringleaders.
该队队员装扮成毒品贩子,诱捕罪犯头目9FS)cnzqvsk0O[1R|)

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2.ended up 最终;结果

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To cut a long story short, I ended up as managing director.
长话短说,我最终当上了总经理Xy^Mv0*Jh)yBb

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3.assault rifles 突击步枪

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Palestinian police with assault rifles patrolled the streets but the atmosphere was calm.
佩戴攻击步枪的巴勒斯坦警察在街道上巡逻,不过,城市气氛平和HL6dI*~MB,a%0sc4X

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4.differ from 不同于

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Things in the world differ from each other in a thousand ways.
世界上的事物是千差万别的(otzQM1M,#Ea

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5.Brazilian citizens can legally own guns, but only if they meet a series of requirements.

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a series of 一系列的

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The students have put forward a series of questions.
学生们提出了一系列问题Y0V=7fW&]nG
A series of technical foul-ups delayed the launch of the new product.
一系列技术问题延误了新产品的上市wMVvA-;eX.@,+iF__93

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6."The US continues to be the largest indirect source of illegal handguns and assault rifles as a result of unrestricted sales in stores and fairs in American cities," the report said.

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as a result of 因此;由于

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As a result of this conflict he lost both his home and his means of livelihood.
这场冲突使他同时失去了住所和生计来源l8#H5;9Oq1KD5FWXroK
Millions of people are threatened with starvation as a result of drought and poor harvests.
几百万人因干旱和歉收而受到饥饿的威胁aQ9pQcOlOdU4

参考译文

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报道:美国是巴西最大的非法枪支来源
巴西警方称,美国是巴西武装犯罪分子和毒贩最大的枪支供应来源g)2^2*&+W7s1C#g
2017年12月,巴西联邦警察局发布了一份有关枪支的报告Fa_FSOgqrIB-,x|M8iY。本月初,路透社发表了一篇关于调查结果的报道[K)!yq;.G0Eoc02q
报告指出,自2014年以来,巴西警方缴获了1万多件武器q(Ljd8snmP^qBeeGR#。据说,大部分武器是从里约热内卢及周边地区被查获的3%.n5S+*~k
大约1500支枪是来自美国Qg3c2fR]_hbZAsz1^。路透社指出,这些枪支会途径另外一个国家运抵巴西pn~stjU-gD#Y
路透社还表示,美国的武器主要为突击步枪和高性能手枪41zpOpDC~eoROZI。它指出,巴西境内或来自其他国家的枪支通常为小型手枪1u]DWh86TIwj&
报告指出:美国各大城市的商店和展销会对枪支销售不设限,因此,美国仍然是非法手枪和突击步枪的最大间接来源wlMHAFAbmsYmCig

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美国是巴西最大的非法枪支来源.jpg
自2015年以来,巴西非法枪支引发的暴力事件有所增加dCdgK+8J]o。2015年至2017年的经济衰退导致全国多个警察部门削减支出X59lf,1^^O~CkR。去年,为控制与毒品交易有关的暴力事件,联邦政府向里约热内卢和其他地区派遣了部队3%88cWySLf)d7
报告呼吁联合国和南方共同市场贸易集团等国际组织提供更多支持,制止非法武器走私nX@O.[YrON。南方共同市场的4个成员国为:巴西,阿根廷,巴拉圭和乌拉圭5X.fvNO1,]hYau
这份报告提到了8家外国商店I~@F2|VlfdSD(prgn];。这些商店涉嫌出售于巴西缴获的最强火力枪支!r1)dB6u+W3wD[T4)LD。其中5家商店位于美国东南部的佛罗里达州i%_H+J7gwM_。然而,最大的一家商店位于巴拉圭1_T=gCc0n+nZ,2tPol[)
美国的枪支通常以直接运送组装武器,运送枪支部件或通过第三国间接运输流入巴西K2D*GXo_)KAv|n==@
巴西公民可以合法持有枪支,前提是他们必须符合一系列要求!8i-@@g3=Ls。即便如此,他们也只能购买火力较小的武器hv|SJhX1Dd
美国各州对于购买枪支的法律不一rv1uDqtVxB。不过,购买枪支或者合法出售给他人则相对容易些cVO#;nwTj7jC
巴西警方在报告中还指出,22支突击步枪被藏匿在一批家具中运抵巴西-~kUM1Q)2N。大多数枪支运往圣保罗和里约热内卢4~!O3X6sigQ7ybhfu
另一起案件里,在里约热内卢机场的运输货物泳池加热器内,警方查获了来自佛罗里达州迈阿密的60支突击步枪nbvo[[;6w;Z*V@=Im.0
报告指出,流入巴西的武器与抢劫银行,银行取款机及装甲车辆的组织有关mL4=I&b2vwgx,
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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