VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):无需"开卷"即可翻阅古老文献
日期:2018-01-23 15:38

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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New Technology Reads Ancient Documents without Opening Them
Attempting to open very old books and records without damaging them can be difficult.
But scientists in Switzerland say they have improved a method to read age-old documents without even touching them.
Researchers at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology are using radiation, in the form of x-rays, to create images of the documents. This method is called X-ray computed tomography or X-Ray tomography.
On a recent day, the researchers used X-ray tomography to read from a small 14th century document.
Giorgio Margaritondo is working on the project. Reading from the document, he noted, "in the year 1351, a young lady from Venice...wrote a testament, and then the testament was sealed, and remained sealed for all these many centuries."
Italian officials are planning to use X-Ray tomography to build an open digital system in the State Archives of Venice.
Margaritondo says, "What you find inside the Archives are not only small documents. But most of the items are huge volumes the size of a table, and so we must be able in the future to look inside them."
Many of the documents show signs of weathering, and are easily broken.
Fauzia Albertin is also working on the project. She says, "We need a non-invasive technique to read inside them. Thanks to the use for thousands of years of iron-based inks we can read them using X-rays."
Albertin is also with the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology.
The researchers have a lot of work to keep them busy. The State Archives of Venice has a huge number of records. They were produced over a period of about 1,000 years. The documents cover about 80 kilometers of shelf space.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

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重点解析

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1.in the form of 以...的形式

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They received a benefit in the form of a tax reduction
他们获得了减税优惠d*axyI4v.prFhfu!

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2.digital system 数字系统

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In brief, we should invest heavily in digital system.
简而言之,我们应该对数字化系统大量投资V6voa%_W.Of=

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3.in the future 未来

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We expect better of you in the future.
我们希望将来你有更大的成就xFL2,YII@jaU|+v

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4.a lot of 大量的

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I think a lot of people still underestimate him.
我觉得很多人仍然低估了他Opvw4l=.X=iJ%P[5

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5.They were produced over a period of about 1,000 years. The documents cover about 80 kilometers of shelf space.

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a period of 在...时期内

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The next few weeks will be a period of readjustment.
接下来的几周将是适应阶段jfh1|Tyk-]*ml@qcC6kv
After a period of imprisonment she renounced terrorism.
在被囚禁一段时间之后,她宣布放弃恐怖主义G6,7eKlvHMn.ZvFD

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6.Thanks to the use for thousands of years of iron-based inks we can read them using X-rays."

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Thanks to 幸亏

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Thanks to that job I became an avid reader.
多亏了那份工作我才成了一个喜欢阅读的人dU)m7M%&lzgYbV&6Ey.
Thanks to your help, we accomplished the task ahead of schedule.
亏得你们帮忙,我们才提前完成了任务Xbj~T4EzqxVg5J1SD+

参考译文

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无需“开卷”即可翻阅古老文献
翻阅古老的文献,但又要保证它们毫发无损并非易事]Q4|lVmuHT4+LGk2wd)
不过,瑞士科学家表示,他们改进了翻阅古老文献的方法,甚至无需“开卷”即可阅读信息@Kq7DQz&&+)~g;YX]w3S
瑞士联邦理工学院的研究人员正在利用X射线辐射制作这些文献的图片样本p3NNg6J9gN9%BE9IZ5。这种方法名为X射线计算机断层成像,或X射线断层成像.4~(+1y4pAIiGu
近日,研究人员通过X射线断层成像读取了14世纪的一份小型文献qj^VYHggm*9*n9Gre
希奥尔希奥·马格里冬多(Giorgio Margaritondo)是该项目的研究人员oHJ9&d|O*5MC0I]pg-。他在读取文献的过程中发现,“公元1351年,威尼斯一名年轻女子……写下一份遗嘱d)&mWw-c!qqoa[@。随后这份遗嘱被封存,数百年来从未打开过X@f6nwCpf8eS。”

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无需“开卷”即可翻阅古老文献.jpg
意大利的官员计划利用X射线断层成像技术在威尼斯国家档案馆建立一个开放的数字系统=hYAg@AM21
马格里冬多表示,“在国家档案馆内,读者不仅可以翻阅小型文献,还有很多卷帙浩繁的古典资料,我们将来必须能够读取这些文献的内容7(juH%#CTE)Cg。”
其中很多文献都出现风化迹象,很容易破碎、散落s;b0wF1zPBUAGU7x
福齐亚·阿尔贝坦(Fauzia Albertin)也是该项目的人员之一qB7zH!*DRW*Z&U-)gWmc。她表示,“我们需要一种无创性技术获取文献的内容m&+RacQxe^i)jhBA0Ix。好在这数千年的文献皆为墨水所著,我们才能利用X射线读取其中信息I5Frzx-Sf;ILl。”
阿尔贝坦是瑞士联邦理工学院的工作人员Eu+c-Jnm9NS
研究人员的日常工作繁重,qdk&4ZK,TK;43@*&h。威尼斯国家档案馆收藏着大批文献,这些文献都是近1000年来的古老典籍,覆盖了近80千米的书架空间;xT9InNkJyh)R&],7Ov
乔纳森·埃文斯为您播报bf0Mpv2L)AYg-vSPY^J

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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