VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):谷歌doodle纪念诺贝尔得主哈尔
日期:2018-01-11 13:45

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Google Doodle Honors Indian American Scientist
This is What's Trending Today....
Har Gobind Khorana was an Indian American biochemist.
His research led to greater understanding of the makeup of human DNA. In 1968, he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Khorana would have been 96 years old on Tuesday, January 9.
Google honored his life and work on its homepage with a Google Doodle. The image could be seen by Google users in 13 countries, including the United States, India, Argentina, Chile and Japan.
Khorana was born on January 9, 1922, in a small Indian village called Raipur. The area is now part of Pakistan.
As Google reports, Khorana's father helped his children learn to read and write. This was not common in poor, rural places like Raipur.
Khorana received scholarships to attend Punjab University where he earned his Bachelor's and Master's degrees. The Indian government later gave Khorana a scholarship for him to do his doctoral studies in chemistry at the University of Liverpool in England.
Khorana went on to do research at universities around the world, including Canada and the United States. In 1968, he and two other researchers at the University of Wisconsin - Madison earned the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
"Together," Google explains, "they discovered that the order of nucleotides in our DNA determines which amino acids are built. These amino acids form proteins, which carry out essential cell function."
In 1972, Khorana made another important scientific breakthrough when he built the first-ever synthetic gene.
Bangalore-based artist and designer Rohan Dahotre created the Google Doodle.
Google produced two other Doodles for January 9. Users in the Middle East saw a Doodle celebrating what would have been the 82nd birthday of Egyptian poet and radio host Farouk Shousha. He died in 2016 at the age of 80.
And users in Indonesia and a few other countries saw a Doodle of the "corpse flower." The huge, unusual -- and foul-smelling -- plant was honored by Indonesian officials as a national rarity 25 years ago.
And that's What's Trending Today...
I'm Ashley Thompson.

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重点解析

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1.the Nobel Prize 诺贝尔奖

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I certainly don't begrudge him the Nobel Prize.
我当然不会嫉妒他得了诺贝尔奖M1dV7o5HAGZx*

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2.rural places 农村地区

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Aren't all the people living in rural places more superstitious?
住在乡下的人是不是比较迷信?

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3.lead to 导致

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A lack of prudence may lead to financial problems.
不够谨慎可能会导致财政上出现问题if%+LppD+^V;[lx

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4.scientific breakthrough 科学突破

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Another day I want to be a scientist to discover a scientific breakthrough to save people's lives.
有朝一日,我要成为一名科学家发现某种科学突破,挽救人们的生命kS#N-1a*)x;o8k6PF

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5.These amino acids form proteins, which carry out essential cell function."

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carry out 实施

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I myself will firmly carry out this plan.
我本人将坚决执行这个计划|3#Cl&O4f()k=M9^T
She needed a clear head to carry out her instructions.
她需要一个头脑清醒的人来执行自己的指令~qPynk0I5da

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6.His research led to greater understanding of the makeup of human DNA. In 1968, he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

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a greater understanding of 更深入的了解

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Now you have an opportunity to develop a greater understanding of each other
现在你们有一个好机会,可以大大增进对彼此的了解)J,b5n]i7w-+A4ny,fbm
It also provides them with a greater understanding of the world and its past.
大学让他们对世界及其历史有了更多的理解jcP&^_xxdr)P

参考译文

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谷歌doodle纪念诺贝尔得主哈尔
这里是《今日热点》节目onJwG-V;,nG
哈尔·葛宾·科拉纳(HarGobind Khorana)是一名印度裔美国生物化学家1YL]0v6A!A!F
他的研究让人们对人类DNA的构成有了更深入的了解|fsH3)rsu!O,QS。1968年,他获得诺贝尔生理学或医学奖x,mzhBwVI(G*ale
1月9日的周二是科拉纳若96岁诞辰XfW28KG!NkE]U
谷歌通过主页上的谷歌图标纪念他的一生+nq_cNI]W1z,=C。美国、印度、阿根廷、智利和日本等13个国家的谷歌用户可以看到该图标[]8|,LQ-3gSKP
1922年1月9日,科拉纳在一个名叫赖布尔的印度小村庄出生rI)gB(-_Zf@L_#|5E0。该地现为巴基斯坦的领土J6m0T#Dqw=!c)i,
谷歌的报道称,科拉纳的父亲帮助孩子们学习阅读、写字2Tf@K4^m&bU)@mS!Ko。这在赖布尔这样贫穷的农村地区十分罕见nckW^pc#vC|.MVnF0z&

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谷歌doodle纪念诺贝尔得主哈尔.jpg
科拉纳获得旁遮普大学的奖学金,拿到了学士和硕士文凭[96fWxoWU0D_8C-aj。随后,印度政府为科拉纳提供了奖学金,供其在英国利物浦大学攻读化学博士学位Gj~zb8+oo4C6NNM#~xxA
之后,科拉纳在全球各个大学做研究,包括加拿大和美国JSe-U5s]~Ze]。1968年,他和威斯康星大学麦迪逊分校的另外两名研究员共同获得诺贝尔生理学或医学奖S-Ep=Vv7qu1%X7+F~
谷歌解释道:“他们一起发现了人类DNA中核苷酸的顺序决定了氨基酸的构成-;IFRDL@ve]D*_ry+。这些氨基酸构成了蛋白质,而后者执行细胞的基本功能fH*[4C(c7-[Q。”
1972年,科拉纳取得了另一项重大的科学突破——首次合成了基因noqKPoM.8!CSkHE
班加罗尔的艺术家兼设计师罗翰设计了这一谷歌图标PC_MiT%]#0,@8T4hJFCv
1月9日,谷歌还制作了另外两个图标csG%OlxO@gNKr4F,Df6。中东的谷歌用户将看到纪念埃及诗人兼电台主持人法鲁克·舒沙第82个诞辰的图标]hA7;-Ce%^。法鲁克于2016年逝世,享年80岁rebn^MW_Eb
印度尼西亚以及其他一些国家的用户还能看到“腐尸花”的谷歌图标mI[!V#KyPmCk2h8MV8。25年前,这一巨型不寻常且散发恶臭的植物被印度尼西亚官员奉为国家稀有植物n,[.triKGsMW3&aQ@
以上为《今日热点》z[+MTn5_L3pkF
阿什利·汤普森为您播报s8e[AOBI[qusZ0fmq

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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