Google Doodle Honors Indian American Scientist
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Har Gobind Khorana was an Indian American biochemist.
His research led to greater understanding of the makeup of human DNA. In 1968, he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Khorana would have been 96 years old on Tuesday, January 9.
Google honored his life and work on its homepage with a Google Doodle. The image could be seen by Google users in 13 countries, including the United States, India, Argentina, Chile and Japan.
Khorana was born on January 9, 1922, in a small Indian village called Raipur. The area is now part of Pakistan.
As Google reports, Khorana's father helped his children learn to read and write. This was not common in poor, rural places like Raipur.
Khorana received scholarships to attend Punjab University where he earned his Bachelor's and Master's degrees. The Indian government later gave Khorana a scholarship for him to do his doctoral studies in chemistry at the University of Liverpool in England.
Khorana went on to do research at universities around the world, including Canada and the United States. In 1968, he and two other researchers at the University of Wisconsin - Madison earned the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
"Together," Google explains, "they discovered that the order of nucleotides in our DNA determines which amino acids are built. These amino acids form proteins, which carry out essential cell function."
In 1972, Khorana made another important scientific breakthrough when he built the first-ever synthetic gene.
Bangalore-based artist and designer Rohan Dahotre created the Google Doodle.
Google produced two other Doodles for January 9. Users in the Middle East saw a Doodle celebrating what would have been the 82nd birthday of Egyptian poet and radio host Farouk Shousha. He died in 2016 at the age of 80.
And users in Indonesia and a few other countries saw a Doodle of the "corpse flower." The huge, unusual -- and foul-smelling -- plant was honored by Indonesian officials as a national rarity 25 years ago.
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I'm Ashley Thompson.
1.the Nobel Prize 诺贝尔奖
I certainly don't begrudge him the Nobel Prize.
2.rural places 农村地区
Aren't all the people living in rural places more superstitious?
3.lead to 导致
A lack of prudence may lead to financial problems.
4.scientific breakthrough 科学突破
Another day I want to be a scientist to discover a scientific breakthrough to save people's lives.
5.These amino acids form proteins, which carry out essential cell function."
carry out 实施
I myself will firmly carry out this plan.
She needed a clear head to carry out her instructions.
6.His research led to greater understanding of the makeup of human DNA. In 1968, he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
a greater understanding of 更深入的了解
Now you have an opportunity to develop a greater understanding of each other
It also provides them with a greater understanding of the world and its past.
哈尔·葛宾·科拉纳（HarGobind Khorana）是一名印度裔美国生物化学家 。
他的研究让人们对人类DNA的构成有了更深入的了解 。1968年，他获得诺贝尔生理学或医学奖 。
谷歌通过主页上的谷歌图标纪念他的一生 。美国、印度、阿根廷、智利和日本等13个国家的谷歌用户可以看到该图标 。
1922年1月9日，科拉纳在一个名叫赖布尔的印度小村庄出生 。该地现为巴基斯坦的领土 。
谷歌的报道称，科拉纳的父亲帮助孩子们学习阅读、写字 。这在赖布尔这样贫穷的农村地区十分罕见 。
科拉纳获得旁遮普大学的奖学金，拿到了学士和硕士文凭 。随后，印度政府为科拉纳提供了奖学金，供其在英国利物浦大学攻读化学博士学位 。
之后，科拉纳在全球各个大学做研究，包括加拿大和美国 。1968年，他和威斯康星大学麦迪逊分校的另外两名研究员共同获得诺贝尔生理学或医学奖 。
谷歌解释道：“他们一起发现了人类DNA中核苷酸的顺序决定了氨基酸的构成 。这些氨基酸构成了蛋白质，而后者执行细胞的基本功能 。”
1月9日，谷歌还制作了另外两个图标 。中东的谷歌用户将看到纪念埃及诗人兼电台主持人法鲁克·舒沙第82个诞辰的图标 。法鲁克于2016年逝世，享年80岁 。
印度尼西亚以及其他一些国家的用户还能看到“腐尸花”的谷歌图标 。25年前，这一巨型不寻常且散发恶臭的植物被印度尼西亚官员奉为国家稀有植物 。