VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):制裁作用凸显 朝鲜脱北人数渐增
日期:2017-12-28 17:46

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Increase in North Korean Defections Could Show Impact of Sanctions
Another North Korean soldier and two fishermen defected to South Korea on Thursday.
The defections could be a sign that economic sanctions intended to punish North Korean leadership are creating difficulties for its people.
South Korea’s military spokesman Roh Jae-cheon confirmed that a low-ranking soldier crossed the border on Thursday morning.
He is the fourth soldier and one of 15 North Korean total defectors to cross the demilitarized zone, or DMZ, directly into the South this year.
In November, a North Korean soldier was badly wounded when North Korean guards fired upon him as he ran across the DMZ to defect to the South.
Most of the nearly 30,000 defectors, who have fled to South Korea since the end of the Korean War in 1953, have escaped through China.
On Wednesday, the South Korean Unification Ministry said that police found two North Korean men at sea in a small boat off the coast. The two men requested asylum in South Korea and authorities are investigating their identities and claims.
Increase in North Korean Defections Could Show Impact of Sanctions
Also in Japan, a number of ships containing dead bodies have come ashore recently. Some analysts believe the North Korean fishing vessels did not have enough fuel to return home.
Human rights groups are voicing concerns that economic sanctions against North Korea are causing food and fuel shortages for its people.
The most recent sanctions ban exports from the $800 million textile industry and reduces oil imports by a third. They also include a ban on the country’s $3 billion coal, iron, lead and seafood exports.
Ahn Chan-il, a North Korean defector, is president of the World Institute of North Korea Studies. He says, “These (minerals) have been banned and are no longer being sold, and it has become difficult to feed soldiers. So it is obvious for hungry soldiers to try to defect.”
UN human rights representative Tomás Ojea Quintana said he is investigating reports that aid organizations were having difficulties because of the sanctions. They provide food and medical aid to at risk populations in North Korea.
“I have to raise awareness with the members of the Security Council,” Quintana said. He added that the U.N. has a responsibility to prevent suffering from sanctions.
In September, South Korea announced plans to donate $8 million to help the World Food Program and the United Nations Children’s Fund to provide food and medicine to poor North Koreans.
And the North Korean government has rejected earlier offers of direct assistance and cooperation from the South.
I’m Susan Shand.

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重点解析

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1.economic sanctions 经济制裁

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The United States plans to tighten the economic sanctions currently in place.
美国计划加大现有经济制裁的力度t[+2Bm5PV2w]5rwG

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2.fired upon 向...开枪

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These Bolinders were fired upon by enemy artillery.
这些单位遭到敌人炮兵射击J6arp(UU4+@dqZ=Ze

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3.raise awareness 增强意识

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Environmental problems need every one of us raise awareness.
环境问题需要我们每个人提高意识85fIqTtei%Jk^kGHm

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4.human rights groups 人权组织

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The talks will extend to the church, human rights groups and other social organizations
会谈将涉及教会、人权团体和其他社会组织nwGs.-gi]TMJKxc&a

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5.In November, a North Korean soldier was badly wounded when North Korean guards fired upon him as he ran across the DMZ to defect to the South.

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ran across 穿过;遇见

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We ran across some old friends in the village.
我们在村里偶然碰见了一些老朋友LEJqQ#TB!VdV
I ran across an old friend of mine in the library.
我在图书馆与一位老朋友不期而遇,1LUh%-.kq

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6.Also in Japan, a number of ships containing dead bodies have come ashore recently.

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a number of 若干;一些

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This equipment has saved the lives of a number of new born children.
这套设备已经挽救了许多新生儿的生命QOSozvO#J,p,;W-P!c
We have lived here quite a number of years.
我们在这儿住了好些年了~6pRg6^7u3[|dZj

参考译文

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制裁作用凸显 朝鲜脱北人数渐增
周四,又有一名朝鲜士兵和两名渔民逃至韩国yddAb]xa+0a#JY5uHjM
这些事件表明,旨在惩罚朝鲜政府的经济制裁对朝鲜民众造成了影响f9deuhRzm99CxSMU
韩国军方发言人卢在全证实,周四早上,一名低级别的士兵越过了两国的边境线%zkM.I5d0qsF
这是今年第4位叛逃的士兵,也是15名穿越非军事区(DMZ)的叛逃者之一SSS~LnTC.SMAn
今年11月,一位朝鲜士兵在穿越非军事区逃往韩国时遭到朝鲜边防军射击,严重受伤Li=Wq20Z8KtZI
自1953年朝鲜战争以来,已有近3万人逃至韩国j!#bn!*G&qZ!n*@.nq]。其中大多数脱北者都途径中国zdS!-Af#)i=M

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制裁作用凸显 朝鲜脱北人数渐增.jpg
周三,韩国统一部称,警方在海上一艘小船里发现了2名朝鲜人*jK9idy02Ra!BSI。他们前往韩国寻求庇护_.,d=@[~|m。目前,当局正在核实他们的身份及供述p8ZmhBkEUKe11[bKO
近期,有数艘船只漂至日本海域,船上载有多具尸体iy!zb,clpR]T。一些分析家表示,这是来自朝鲜的渔船,想要返航却燃料不足t!kHE[s|*FTNtE
针对朝鲜的经济制裁却导致朝鲜人民的粮食和燃料短缺,这引发了一些人权组织的忧虑Na]lMBn.mOrN
最近的制裁措施禁止了朝鲜8亿美元的纺织品出口,也减少了朝鲜近三分之一的原油进口=2@w#n[.uA。其中还包括禁止该国价值30亿美元的煤炭、钢铁、铅和海产品出口9M=Qr0|17_
世界朝鲜研究中心的安江日主席摆脱了朝鲜的控制%53SE.wGY|biiHc@。他表示,“这些矿产品被禁止出口,无法销售,无法养活士兵1JhVaVl[vyhfp4。因此,饥饿的士兵们想要叛逃F65ANH#BWbc2Y)I。”
联合国人权代表托马斯·奥赫亚·金塔纳表示,他正在调查一些援助组织因制裁措施遭遇困境的报告TNh+F0hR9==。该组织为朝鲜的濒危人群提供粮食和医疗救助tPTMhi|JZ%u!*(z
金塔纳称,“我必须唤起安理会成员国的意识”*0c.N|4Vk!ehk。他补充道,联合国有责任避免因制裁造成的灾难_s+7.x0pWrevT2
9月份,韩国宣布了捐赠800万美元的计划,助力世界粮食计划署及联合国儿童基金会为朝鲜人民提供粮食和药品J|A*Pe8Hyo9JET|Kd5
此外,朝鲜政府拒绝韩国此前提供的直接援助和合作意向6rhNRg&H[CqSp#j0^v&
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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