VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):iPhone变慢有猫腻 苹果面临集体诉讼
日期:2017-12-27 17:02

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Mystery Solved: Apple Admits it Slows Some Older iPhones
Many people have long believed Apple intentionally slows down performance of iPhones in an effort to get users to buy new ones.
For the first time, Apple has admitted to slowing some iPhones down. But the company explained it only took the action last year to prevent battery-related shutdowns.
Apple's action – and the company's decision to keep it secret - led to widespread criticism from industry analysts and iPhone owners.
Owners of iPhones in several states are suing Apple. They accuse Apple of violating fraud laws by purposely limiting performance without informing iPhone owners that the problems might have been fixed by replacing the device battery. This, they argue, forced them to spend more money to buy new iPhones.
The issue of iPhone slowdowns in certain phones was recently noted in an online post by the founder of software maker Primate Labs. In his post, John Poole cited test results suggesting repeated reductions in iPhone performance over time.
The tests included the iPhone 6s and iPhone 7, with several different operating system versions. Results of the tests blamed aging batteries for causing the reduced device performance.
Poole said his company's software that measures processor performance found that some users who replaced their iPhone batteries reported much improved results.
But he was not convinced that old batteries were the whole problem. He came up with a theory. He believed Apple must have made changes to the iOS software to limit iPhone performance when battery capacity reached a certain point.
A few days later, Apple released a statement admitting it made the software change. It said the action was needed to prevent certain devices from suddenly shutting down.
The problem, Apple said, was connected to lithium-ion batteries inside the iPhone. The batteries can fail in certain conditions – such as hot or cold - or as they age over time. This can sometimes cause older iPhones to shut down, Apple said.
Apple said it released the new feature last year for the iPhone 6, iPhone 6s and iPhone SE. It later added the iPhone 7 with iOS 11.2 and plans "to add support for other products" in the future.
"Our goal is to deliver the best experience for customers, which includes overall performance and prolonging the life of their devices," the Apple statement said.
But many iPhone owners were not very forgiving of Apple's decision, as evidenced on Twitter:
In his reporting of the latest developments, Wired magazine's Jordan McMahon pointed out several ways Apple could have handled the situation before deciding to secretly slow the phones.
He suggested Apple could have informed iPhone owners about the lithium-ion issues beforehand and given them a chance to get the batteries replaced. Or the company could have even launched a program to sell owners battery replacement kits.
Apple has always strongly resisted having owners buy and replace their own iPhone batteries. There are many companies that sell do-it-yourself kits or will do the service for you.
Apple has its own battery replacement service – either in Apple stores or through the mail - and charges $79 for any iPhone model that is no longer under warranty.
But based on the huge negative reaction to Apple's change, it seems many people are not aware of that possibility. They have complained about being forced to either buy a new, expensive iPhone, or switch brands to fix the problem.
Several economic analysts have lowered predictions for 2018 shipments of the iPhone X as some news reports also suggested there will be much lower demand. Taiwan's Economic Daily reported Monday that Apple could cut its sales targets for the iPhone X in the first quarter from 50 million to 30 million.
I'm Bryan Lynn.

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重点解析

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1.slows down 放缓;减慢

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The conversation slows down the action of the play.
这些对话使剧情进展有所减缓%iy[^3&eqAM!RndW

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2.the first quarter 第一季度

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Hourly output by workers declined 1.3% in the first quarter.
第一季度工人每小时的产量下降了1.3%e3x2TK%A#yFY;5u

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3.keep it secret 保守秘密

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I want to keep it secret forever and ever.
我要保持着秘密,一直到永远!

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4.no longer 不再

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They no longer had him as a friend.
他们再也不把他看成朋友了QRX[Yr|I.(JaC

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5.This can sometimes cause older iPhones to shut down, Apple said.

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shut down 关闭

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Smaller contractors had been forced to shut down.
规模较小的承包商已被迫歇业iDi0uUQ4CJ1UI&a-
It is required by law to shut down banks which it regards as chronically short of capital.
法律规定资金长期短缺的银行必须关闭bR|YcIs_bS;np*

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6.Many people have long believed Apple intentionally slows down performance of iPhones in an effort to get users to buy new ones.

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in an effort to 为了...

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I spent much of my time bundled up in sweaters in an effort to keep warm.
大部分时间里我都穿着厚厚的毛衣来保暖94qLXG.ZmYwgyNY
He finally left home in an effort to counter the tyranny of arranged marriage in the old society.
他弃家出走,是对旧社会婚姻压迫的反动k(2orUI~K@X

参考译文

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iPhone变慢有猫腻 苹果或面临集体诉讼
早前,很多人认为苹果公司为引诱用户购买新机,故意拖慢iPhone手机的运行速度|GUt7mDKnuu3y
苹果公司首次承认拖慢了某些老款苹果手机的运行速度18.U5h@852Uf]yYn;&。但是该公司称,去年才采取这一措施,目的是为了防止电池导致的意外关机ZkOcxmQO#ydrz
苹果公司的行为且秘而不宣的决定招致行业分析师和iPhone用户的广泛批评_-yvzdRK[!2~2G
美国数个州的iPhone用户正起诉苹果公司ZS(R(KQ^#@7;*q~[。他们指控苹果公司违反了欺诈法,故意限制iPhone手机性能却不告知用户可通过更换电池解决意外关机的问题LP~40^F-6qfuen++B。他们认为,这迫使用户花更多钱购买iPhone新机H(B76Ts#YuKWnICqtwzB
最近,软件制造商“灵长类实验室”创始人在网上发表了一篇文章,提到iPhone某些手机运行缓慢的问题4b[t=BUC[oSsNxr&59。约翰·普尔(John Poole)在文章中引用的测试结果表明,随着时间推移,iPhone手机的性能会不断下降LZ_D16p;D&C5Vp8Y(

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iPhone变慢有猫腻 苹果或面临集体诉讼.jpeg
测试手机包括安装了不同版本操作系统的iPhone 6S和iPhone 7lSULP[WFCI.QlCT!iR。测试结果将设备性能下降归咎于电池老化,mt8~h_ZVn.U0|zf
普尔称,其公司开发的检测处理器性能的软件发现,部分更换电池后的iPhone用户反映,手机性能有所改善pm]1L9HQwO^ko8Q
但是他不相信电池老化是问题的症结-4!QLIFUHFBt#EX。他提出了一项理论Ol&KLXP%EtE3(+5。他认为苹果公司对iOS软件动了手脚,当电池容量达某一程度时会限制iPhone手机的性能kr@-t^Wp3=E&+P
数日后,苹果公司发声明承认对软件做了变动pi79UkuNA,!%。该公司表示,此举是防止某些手机意外关机FK@3Nt5fm*l8vYX|w]S(
苹果公司表示,该问题与iPhone内部的锂电池有关X-[kp-rRTI6Y。这种电池在遇热、遇冷和电池老化等情况下会意外关机.9@2a+-2i0O7~bfRuZ。苹果公司表示,这可能是导致部分老款iPhone关机的原因.kYa7k*WSb
苹果公司表示,去年为iPhone 6、iPhone 6S和iPhone SE手机发布了新功能,随后又在iOS 11.2系统中添加了iPhone 7 并计划未来增加对其它产品的支持1w;3,;kW*2#
苹果公司发声明称:“我们的目标是为用户提供最好的体验,包括整体性能和延长设备的使用寿命0.)*fET9Vz。”
但是,很多iPhone用户对苹果公司的解释并不买账,正如推特显示的那样:
《连线杂志》的乔丹·麦克马洪(Jordan McMahon)在报道最新动态时指出,其实苹果公司私自拖慢手机运行速度前,可以采取其他方式来处理这一情况%vEt&%aUnP*eT#Tn
他暗指,苹果公司可事先告知iPhone用户关于锂电池的问题,让他们自行更换电池D%t]Yj,Kdt0。或者推出一项企划,向用户出售电池更换套件wxc~wQgX=j-y^NhC
苹果公司一直强烈反对用户购买或更换iPhone电池v@=bOzBVvS^%。有多家公司出售自助更换电池套件,或向用户提供更换电池服务ut(3^hB-)BK-nO
苹果公司也会提供电池更换服务,包括苹果实体店和邮件方式,对任何不在保修期内的iPhone手机会加收79美元的费用F*sV8=U7,V]PZbdXap
不过,从用户对苹果公司的巨大负面反响来看,似乎很多人没有意识到更换电池的可行办法ii9(Z1QDG=%。他们抱怨称,要么被迫购买昂贵的iPhone新机,要么更换其它的手机品牌BR2#2PM0AV1|MDpdwk+g
经济分析师下调了对2018年iPhone X手机出货量的预测,一些新闻报道也暗示需求将会下降Sfyv^+%3#hC[A@^xIk=n。周一,中国台湾的《经济日报》报道称,苹果公司可能会将明年第一季度iPhone X的销售目标从5000万降至3000万r[2BXBj%tm7*]RuNm,!
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • reactionn. 反应,反作用力,化学反应
  • capacityn. 能力,容量,容积; 资格,职位 adj. (达到最
  • mysteryn. 神秘,秘密,奥秘,神秘的人或事物
  • convincedadj. 信服的
  • fraudn. 骗子,欺骗,诈欺
  • statementn. 声明,陈述
  • countern. 计算器,计算者,柜台 [计算机] 计数器 adj.
  • primaten. 灵长目动物 n. (常大写)首席主教 n. 首领
  • preventv. 预防,防止
  • negativeadj. 否定的,负的,消极的 n. 底片,负数,否定