VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):《韦氏词典》2017年度词汇:女权主义
日期:2017-12-20 16:34

(单词翻译:单击)

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'Feminism' Is Merriam-Webster 'Word of the Year'
This is What's Trending Today...
Covfefe, dotard, rocket man, moron, recuse, collusion, complicit, and #MeToo are among the words and phrases that dominated the news in 2017.
So many new words became popular that the publishers of "Words with Friends" added 50,000 terms to the game.
Yet a winning word stands out. One popular dictionary publisher says people looked up one word more than any other in 2017. Merriam-Webster's Word of the Year is "feminism."
Searches for "feminism" increased 70 percent from 2016 to 2017 on Merriam-Webster.com. It rose several times after key news events.
In January, for example, discussions about the Women's March on Washington and other locations sent many people to look up "feminism."
Interest in the word increased with the release of the new television series "The Handmaid's Tale" and the film "Wonder Woman."
More recently, sexual assault accusations against Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein inspired the #MeToo movement. Since then, many women have come forward to accuse rich and famous men in media, politics and entertainment.
The word "feminism" was first entered in a dictionary by Noah Webster in 1841. It was defined then as "the qualities of females."
Peter Sokolowski is an editor at Merriam-Webster. He told the Associated Press that "the word was used in the 19th century in a medical sense, for the physical characteristics of a developing teenager."
Today, Merriam-Webster defines feminism as the "theory of the political, economic and social equality of the sexes" and "organized activities on behalf of women's rights and interests."
So, what are the runners-up for the Word of the Year?
"Complicit" was also a top search in 2017. Interest in the word came after a satire video from the television program "Saturday Night Live." Complicit is Dictionary.com's word of the year.
Searches for "recuse" rose in reference to Attorney General Jeff Sessions and the Donald Trump-Russia investigation.
"Empathy" did not make any news this year. But the word was frequently used to criticize some Republicans for what some called a lack of empathy in comments or proposed legislation.
North Korean leader Kim Jong-un used the word "dotard" to describe U.S. President Donald Trump, who had called Kim "rocket man."
People searched for "syzygy" on the day of the total eclipse on August 21. It means the nearly straight-line configuration of three celestial bodies in a gravitational system, such as the sun, moon and earth, during a solar or lunar eclipse.
In March, "gyro" became a top search after television host Jimmy Fallon and singer Luke Bryan ordered the Greek food from a truck in a music video.
The debate on healthcare in the United States Congress sent people to look up "federalism."
With hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Jose and Maria causing damage in southestern U.S. and the Caribbean, people looked up hurricane to get more information.
And finally, after the 2017 Academy Awards many people wanted to know more about the word "gaffe," which means a socially awkward mistake. Announcers wrongly said that "La La Land" had won Best Picture. The real Oscar winner was "Moonlight."
And that's What's Trending Today.

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重点解析

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1.looked up 查询

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Many people have to look up the meaning of this word in the dictionary.
这个词的意思很多人都要查字典才知道6R8h#Z^d@Kf39z8%6

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2.music video 音乐录像

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And hundreds of people have created their own music video versions of the song on YouTube.
数百人在YouTube上根据这首歌曲创作了自己的音乐视频版本A4#YrY38FP3s3

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3.Since then 从此以后

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Since then he has been drawing a pension.
从那时起他一直领退休金8r+FEy]qn&&R&Df.Qx_

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4.a lack of 缺乏

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I was hampered by a lack of information.
我受到了信息不足的牵累7-0;!peClmnaIbg+i%

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5.Yet a winning word stands out.

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stands out 突出;显眼

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He played the violin, and he stood out from all the other musicians.
他演奏了小提琴,把其他所有乐师都比了下去m]Clqxb0VU7P)&
Many people were involved in this conspiracy, but three stand out.
很多人参与了这场阴谋,但有3个人是主谋UM)@ayoJj|J

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6.Searches for "recuse" rose in reference to Attorney General Jeff Sessions and the Donald Trump-Russia investigation.

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in reference to 关于...

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His comment was made in reference to a study.
他评论关于一篇研究论文QUHI#cuz%eNkK8[N=PvM
What was that call in reference to?
你们在电话里说了些什么?

参考译文

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《韦氏词典》2017年度词汇:女权主义
这里是《今日热点》节目00x[gfl;rnAdi
“Covfefe、老糊涂、火箭人、傻瓜、要求撤换、勾结、串通一气、我也是”都是占据2017年各大新闻版面的热词Qb!HNcH~9,5[izF
因为新兴词汇太过流行,“填词游戏”的出版商在游戏中新增了5万个词条05Sq.iUG(r=+v25S
然而,一个词汇脱颖而出wQdZg*YsQ8w6|cX^。一位非常受欢迎的字典出版商称,2017年,人们对这个单词的关注度高于以往任何时候5poi-zh;bUpV[ibl(。《韦氏词典》的年度词汇为“女权主义”IdZ-6HudcVr
从2016年到2017年,《韦氏词典》网站关于“女权主义”的搜索次数上涨了70%m&Z;-iaLNm_*X4M&Rh。重大新闻事件发生后,该词的搜索次数上涨了好几倍wLI2mYEY;y71
以1月份为例,华盛顿及其他地区举行的的女权游行促使众多网友搜索“女权主义”一词z(*fz(PbWC_T
随着《女仆的故事》开播、《神奇女侠》上映,越来越多的人对这一词汇感兴趣7fUXIg@s0K

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《韦氏词典》2017年度词汇:女权主义.jpg
近日,好莱坞制片人哈维·韦恩斯坦被控性骚扰的新闻催生出热词“我也是”j9QMX^k(R-a+。此后,多位女性站出来指控新闻界、政界和娱乐界大亨的性侵犯5=(PHAEBg*FB
1841年,诺亚·韦伯斯特首次将“女权主义”收入词典*nk_FU[Yk[#+r。当时,词典给出的定义是“女性具备的品质”U.30Z.Y|(gESl
皮特·索科洛夫斯基(Peter Sokolowski)是韦氏词典的编辑[Iol=)Mo5m。他对美联社表示,“19世纪,这一词汇被应用于医学领域,指的是处于发育期的青少年的身体特征HrWqRRLZZP@ec。”
如今,韦氏词典将“女权主义”定义为“主张在政治、经济和社会领域性别平等的理论”,以及“代表女性权益的组织活动”jn5UIKF%Nb0_JL(Q2~A
那么,排名第二的年度热词是什么?
“串通一气”也位列2017年热门搜索词汇=&M!hwXR=Vni1j。该词的流行主要源于《周六夜现场》播放的一则讽刺视频nKs%l1mh#wrG#C。“串通一气”是词典在线网站的年度热词dBI%LynOfGSvA39y
“要求撤换”的搜索次数上升主要是因为美国总检察长杰夫·赛辛斯和唐纳德·特朗普与俄罗斯关系的调查icJA2MuZrB[Ak
今年“共鸣”一词虽然没有上榜*gsAQYDy%gm3g=I+|W。不过,该词经常被用来批评某些共和党人,因为他们的评论或立法建议没有得到足够的“共鸣”#1d5~JS+&b8
朝鲜领导人金正恩曾用“老糊涂”一词形容特朗普,而特朗普则反讥金正恩是“火箭人”F~^CQMB;!!QOd5ugtul
8月21日,人们在日全食当天疯狂搜索“syzygy(会合)”一词.A1DyoVKU|hT。该词意指,日全食或月全食时,引力系统中的太阳、月亮和地球会出现在一条直线上98_c*A73X9+hWPP*Owsn
3月份,电视主持人杰米·法隆和歌手卢克·布莱恩在一首MV中从一辆卡车中点了一份希腊食物,“陀螺(gyro)”一词登上了热搜pK1Iv,e7&*S1(v4
美国国会关于医疗卫生的讨论促使人们搜索“联邦主义(federalism)”一词Sewm1hu[)Lt1udi
飓风哈维、艾尔玛、何塞以及玛利亚对美国南部和加勒比海地区造成巨大的破坏,人们开始搜索飓风来获取更多信息UXGL.FFbjY11XnvMs
2017年,美国奥斯卡颁奖典礼结束后,许多人好奇“gaffe(失礼)”一词的含义,该词的意思是社交中的尴尬失误OzIe(dH;xoe(zJ2IBc。颁奖嘉宾误将最佳影片奖颁给《爱乐之城》c]V3^V69Sn,5z|PV0。而真正的获奖影片应为《月光男孩》6s(1QNnGuDZ*vdMPi6~4
以上为《今日热点》di_EL6jVg5%.qEY

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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