France Named Most Food Sustainable Country
A recent report ranks France the top country in the world in methods of food sustainability.
The Food Sustainability Index rates countries on how they deal with food-related issues including nutrition, agriculture methods and food waste.
The Barilla Center for Food & Nutrition published the report.
The index rated 34 countries. Japan, Germany, Spain, and Sweden, followed France to complete the top five spots. Portugal, Italy, South Korea and Hungary were also among the countries rated in the top fourth.
Unethical and immoral to waste resources
Vytenis Andriukaitis is the European Union's Commissioner for Health and Food safety. He spoke at the release of the Index on Tuesday. He said it is "unethical and immoral" to waste resources when hundreds of millions of people go hungry across the world.
He added, "we are all responsible, every person and every country."
The United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organization says that one third of all food produced in the world is wasted. That is equal to 1.3 billion tons of food each year.
Wasted food can harm the environment. When food decomposes, it releases carbon gases that are linked to warming temperatures. The total amount of wasted food in the world is believed to produce more greenhouse gases than any country except for China and the United States.
Irene Mia is the global editorial director for the Economist Intelligence Unit, a research group with the Economist Magazine which wrote the report. She told Reuters, "What is really important is the vision and importance of [food sustainability] in these governments' agendas and policies."
Mia added, "It's something that is moving up in governments' agendas across the world."
Global hunger levels grew last year for the first time in more than 10 years. UN agencies say 815 million people suffer from hunger.
A war on food waste
The report says France is leading the movement to reduce food waste. It is the first country to approve targeted food waste policies. These policies ban supermarkets from throwing away unsold food, and restaurants need to provide containers for unfinished food, if asked.
The report says France loses only 1.8 percent of its total food production each year. It also plans to cut this in half by 2025.
Meadhbh Bolger is with the environmental activist group Friends of the Earth Europe.
She praised efforts in France.
"France has taken some important and welcome steps forward." She said. "This needs to be matched at the European level with an EU-wide binding food waste reduction target."
Rich countries performed better in the index than developing ones.
The United States ranked 21st on the list. The study criticized U.S. management of soil and fertilizer in agriculture. In addition, the report said, Americans eat too much meat, sugar and saturated fats.
The United Arab Emirates has the highest income per person of all 34 countries studied. But it still ranked last. The report said this was because of its high food waste of almost 1,000 kilos per person per year, growing overweight population, and its use of water in agriculture.
I'm Phil Dierking.
1.step forward 向前
I saw him step forward momentarily but then hang back, nervously massaging his hands.
2.moving up 上涨
When you see prices moving up so fast you have to be careful.
3.hundreds of millions of 成千上万的
The floods made hundreds of millions of people lose their homes, relatives and friends.
4.greenhouse gases 温室气体
With the development of economy, more and more greenhouse gases are being discharged into the air.
5.In addition, the report said, Americans eat too much meat, sugar and saturated fats.
In addition 另外
In addition, interest on Treasury issues isn't subject to state and local income taxes.
In addition, the respondent disclosed professional confidences to one of the patients.
6.UN agencies say 815 million people suffer from hunger.
suffer from 遭受；承受
Many kids suffer from acne and angst.
I still suffer from catarrh and sinus problems.
这次指数排名覆盖了34个国家 。仅次于法国，日本、德国、西班牙、瑞典分别跻身前五名 。而葡萄牙、意大利、韩国、匈牙利并列第四 。
威特尼斯·安德留凯提斯是欧盟卫生与食品安全专员 。周二，他在报告发布当天发表讲话 。他指出，浪费粮食是“不道德的”行为，因为全球还有成千上万人忍饥挨饿 。
联合国粮食农业组织表示，全球约三分之一的粮食被浪费掉 。这相当于每年13亿吨粮食 。
浪费的粮食会破坏环境，因为粮食分解后会产生碳气体，导致温度上升 。据悉，除中国和美国外，全球浪费的粮食所产生的温室气体多于任何一个国家所排放的温室气体 。
艾琳·米娅是经济学人智库的全球编辑主任，该组织是一个研究团体，与《经济学人杂志》合作撰写了这份报告 。米娅对路透社表示，“关键在于，各国政府的议程和政策对（粮食可持续）问题抱有的愿景及给予的重视 。”米娅还表示，“各国政府已经开始将粮食可持续性列为重要议题 。”
去年，全球的饥饿水平出现了10多年来的首次增长 。联合国机构表示，全球有8.15亿人遭受饥荒 。
这份报告还指出，法国是首个倡导减少粮食浪费的国家，也是第一个通过立法禁止粮食浪费的国家 。法案禁止超市扔掉未售出的食物 。此外，如有需要，餐馆需为未吃完的食物提供容器 。
这份报告指出，法国每年浪费的粮食仅有1.8% 。此外，法国还计划在2025年之前实现浪费总量减半 。
她称，“法国采取了一些重要、前瞻性的举措” 。“欧洲国家必须跟进，制定欧盟成员国必须遵守的减少浪费食物的目标 。”
美国在榜单中名列第21名 。该报告批评美国对农田和肥料管理不当 。此外，这份报告还指出，美国人过量食用肉、糖、饱和脂肪 。
虽然阿联酋在受访的34个国家中人均收入第一，但确实浪费最严重的 。这份报告指出，阿联酋每人每年约浪费1000公斤的粮食、超重人群数量逐渐增长、农业水资源浪费严重 。