VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):全球粮食可持续性指数出炉:法国居首
日期:2017-12-18 16:28

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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France Named Most Food Sustainable Country
A recent report ranks France the top country in the world in methods of food sustainability.
The Food Sustainability Index rates countries on how they deal with food-related issues including nutrition, agriculture methods and food waste.
The Barilla Center for Food & Nutrition published the report.
The index rated 34 countries. Japan, Germany, Spain, and Sweden, followed France to complete the top five spots. Portugal, Italy, South Korea and Hungary were also among the countries rated in the top fourth.
Unethical and immoral to waste resources
Vytenis Andriukaitis is the European Union's Commissioner for Health and Food safety. He spoke at the release of the Index on Tuesday. He said it is "unethical and immoral" to waste resources when hundreds of millions of people go hungry across the world.
He added, "we are all responsible, every person and every country."
The United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organization says that one third of all food produced in the world is wasted. That is equal to 1.3 billion tons of food each year.
Wasted food can harm the environment. When food decomposes, it releases carbon gases that are linked to warming temperatures. The total amount of wasted food in the world is believed to produce more greenhouse gases than any country except for China and the United States.
Irene Mia is the global editorial director for the Economist Intelligence Unit, a research group with the Economist Magazine which wrote the report. She told Reuters, "What is really important is the vision and importance of [food sustainability] in these governments' agendas and policies."
Mia added, "It's something that is moving up in governments' agendas across the world."
Global hunger levels grew last year for the first time in more than 10 years. UN agencies say 815 million people suffer from hunger.
A war on food waste
The report says France is leading the movement to reduce food waste. It is the first country to approve targeted food waste policies. These policies ban supermarkets from throwing away unsold food, and restaurants need to provide containers for unfinished food, if asked.
The report says France loses only 1.8 percent of its total food production each year. It also plans to cut this in half by 2025.
Meadhbh Bolger is with the environmental activist group Friends of the Earth Europe.
She praised efforts in France.
"France has taken some important and welcome steps forward." She said. "This needs to be matched at the European level with an EU-wide binding food waste reduction target."
Rich countries performed better in the index than developing ones.
The United States ranked 21st on the list. The study criticized U.S. management of soil and fertilizer in agriculture. In addition, the report said, Americans eat too much meat, sugar and saturated fats.
The United Arab Emirates has the highest income per person of all 34 countries studied. But it still ranked last. The report said this was because of its high food waste of almost 1,000 kilos per person per year, growing overweight population, and its use of water in agriculture.
I'm Phil Dierking.

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重点解析

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1.step forward 向前

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I saw him step forward momentarily but then hang back, nervously massaging his hands.
我看到他走上前,但很快又缩了回来,紧张地搓着手c8F^&m|h3VmP

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2.moving up 上涨

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When you see prices moving up so fast you have to be careful.
当你看到价格上涨如此迅速时,你必须要小心sAG9+rgLactAWfa5

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3.hundreds of millions of 成千上万的

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The floods made hundreds of millions of people lose their homes, relatives and friends.
洪水使成千上万的人失去了家园,亲戚和朋友]Ts3vqvrd_Q]ACZ4%6MJ

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4.greenhouse gases 温室气体

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With the development of economy, more and more greenhouse gases are being discharged into the air.
随着经济的发展,越来越多的温室气体排放到了空气当中Purr(H^F_uq!=

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5.In addition, the report said, Americans eat too much meat, sugar and saturated fats.

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In addition 另外

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In addition, interest on Treasury issues isn't subject to state and local income taxes.
另外,国债利息不需缴纳政府和地方所得税yRqrDmvEP7Zuhh6b]Q,+
In addition, the respondent disclosed professional confidences to one of the patients.
另外,被告还向其中一位病人透露了行业机密2AGSs18BHmAlNjW)8

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6.UN agencies say 815 million people suffer from hunger.

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suffer from 遭受;承受

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Many kids suffer from acne and angst.
许多年轻人都会受到青春痘和焦虑的困扰p434]!ed.A;ps;V
I still suffer from catarrh and sinus problems.
我仍然患有黏膜炎和鼻窦炎AtJckE)V&LyYVe%#Bm9

参考译文

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全球粮食可持续性指数出炉:法国居首
最近的一份报告指出,法国是全球粮食可持续性指数最高的国家_dQ^5X,--ZoR
粮食可持续性指数对各国处理食物相关问题的能力进行了评估,包括营养、农业手段、粮食浪费9(v2d;7]xg
百味来食物与营养中心发布了这一报告SO6!|F.Fgt-l]phB7;
这次指数排名覆盖了34个国家7I6_.YVr31&。仅次于法国,日本、德国、西班牙、瑞典分别跻身前五名V7-(OD|ooS(%FW#a!vb-。而葡萄牙、意大利、韩国、匈牙利并列第四6FmK](==g,I+
威特尼斯·安德留凯提斯是欧盟卫生与食品安全专员xOlt[HpuUyrw^65K。周二,他在报告发布当天发表讲话%.kTx,c-b2f.&。他指出,浪费粮食是“不道德的”行为,因为全球还有成千上万人忍饥挨饿0&fCNJ8MKxqqC
他还表示,“每个人、每个国家都有义务珍惜食物qZH2p.x)Tu。”

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全球粮食可持续性指数出炉:法国居首.jpg
联合国粮食农业组织表示,全球约三分之一的粮食被浪费掉!Tgr4G=GJ@#*n。这相当于每年13亿吨粮食wPaD&ad4NrwuS
浪费的粮食会破坏环境,因为粮食分解后会产生碳气体,导致温度上升xsesXYkQsig|z7I。据悉,除中国和美国外,全球浪费的粮食所产生的温室气体多于任何一个国家所排放的温室气体yyo8Cm.f]pPd7s
艾琳·米娅是经济学人智库的全球编辑主任,该组织是一个研究团体,与《经济学人杂志》合作撰写了这份报告dRN8tT]U@aEZ。米娅对路透社表示,“关键在于,各国政府的议程和政策对(粮食可持续)问题抱有的愿景及给予的重视[0#gpIdSMCWe.09wh。”米娅还表示,“各国政府已经开始将粮食可持续性列为重要议题MV.IaQ50^8S~Ei^rB[vX。”
去年,全球的饥饿水平出现了10多年来的首次增长fdlWjjtPIFA。联合国机构表示,全球有8.15亿人遭受饥荒4*bIN^#YImtU9WOd
这份报告还指出,法国是首个倡导减少粮食浪费的国家,也是第一个通过立法禁止粮食浪费的国家6_LUzjBeC^4mfo%@S。法案禁止超市扔掉未售出的食物](CZp!mI%7Jiu。此外,如有需要,餐馆需为未吃完的食物提供容器^=ipbvhCFhEy1HGf
这份报告指出,法国每年浪费的粮食仅有1.8%*2a.bg72DQ7)*ofcN5wJ。此外,法国还计划在2025年之前实现浪费总量减半2ilbx;mE*eb
米德·博尔杰是环境活动家组织“欧洲地球之友”的员工4r=M^z-hkdXI=SL
她盛赞了法国所做的努力oyFiVjO0E7@,Uo(
她称,“法国采取了一些重要、前瞻性的举措”sGy9wxyX,JT%9-TpG1。“欧洲国家必须跟进,制定欧盟成员国必须遵守的减少浪费食物的目标=)=HKW3_gX@Sr。”
在这一点,很多发达国家比发展中国家表现得更好]20-n=]AO[JqJ2xG
美国在榜单中名列第21名+[]y,&smHXxHbH%*[Af.。该报告批评美国对农田和肥料管理不当EK]|6|YjixiT7|z|a-A5。此外,这份报告还指出,美国人过量食用肉、糖、饱和脂肪,6=Wf[TpX99hG796
虽然阿联酋在受访的34个国家中人均收入第一,但确实浪费最严重的s,3L]G|.vFN。这份报告指出,阿联酋每人每年约浪费1000公斤的粮食、超重人群数量逐渐增长、农业水资源浪费严重nAeAKYajVPt[&
菲尔·迪尔金为您播报R!13Q@_=3Sj-uZpVpK

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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