VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国政府废除“网络中立”规则引热议
日期:2017-12-17 14:49

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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A government commission has voted to end the internet policy known as “net neutrality.”
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is a government agency responsible for regulating the internet in the United States.
Its members voted to end net neutrality by a vote of 3 to 2.
Net neutrality is the idea that internet service providers should treat all traffic over the internet equally.
In 2015, the FCC set the rule to prevent internet service providers from interfering with traffic from some websites while providing faster service to others.
Ajit Pai is the new chairman of the FCC. Pai is a member of the Republican Party like President Donald Trump. He said the 3 to 2 vote ending net neutrality would stop unnecessary regulation. He added that the vote is restoring the light-touch framework that has governed the internet for most of its existence.
Commissioner Mignon Clyburn, a Democrat, said the move means giving the internet to a “handful of multi-billion dollar corporations.”
Under the new rules, internet providers will be free to block competing applications. Service providers would also be able to slow down competing services or offer faster speeds to companies that pay more.
Companies will have to place their policies online or inform the FCC about them. The change also says states cannot approve their own rules for the internet that do not agree with FCC rules.
Internet service providers like Comcast, Verizon and AT&T say that the internet experience is not going to change for most people. But many companies have worked hard to influence politicians to end the net neutrality rule.
Some Americans worry that ending the rule means businesses will be able to control what they see and do online.
Before the commission’s vote, the FCC website recorded 22 million comments and members of Congress received more than one million phone calls.
I’m Mario Ritter.

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重点解析

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1.be free to do sth 可以自由做某事

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He still invests in software but is free to cast his net wider.
他还在进行软件投资,但可以更自由地把网撒得更大了lWP]-1)~#P!Ar!

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2.prevent... from doing sth 阻止……做某事

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The Guardian is prevented from identifying the MP who has asked the question, what the question is, which minister might answer it, or where the question is to be found.
卫报被禁止指明提问的议员身份,报道问题是什么,猜测答案以及指出问题在何处发生N.wu~V&4[Xku.E

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3.agree with 符合……,与……一致

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Your story agrees with the facts.
你的叙述与事实相符uCk%Tin1vrM.ws

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4.be able to do sth 有能力做某事

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With security of tenure, even poor people are able to invest to improve their homes or their businesses.
有了使用权的保障,即使是最贫困的人也能够投资改善他们的家或生意a%_L12[~K|HCu.5

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5.Service providers would also be able to slow down competing services or offer faster speeds to companies that pay more.

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slow down 减速,放慢

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The bus slowed down for the next stop.
那辆公共汽车慢下来准备停靠下一站ye2cp4]JD|u8,5ILN
There is no cure for the disease, although drugs can slow down its rate of development.
这种病没法治,尽管药物可以延缓病情的发展Q@1QMLo_&=0mVCvz3

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6. ... to prevent internet service providers from interfering with traffic from some websites

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interfere with 干预,干扰

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Smoking often interferes with health.
吸烟妨碍健康(90s!!MxBqI
The trees interfere with the view.
那些树挡住了视线zFB_%l10z3Q(

参考译文

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某政府机构投票废除了众所周知的“网络中立”规则,&w70%TNN);m];^(
美国联邦通信委员会(FCC)是负责管理美国互联网的政府机构US[Wnttt..st
该委员会成员以3:2的票比废除了该规则6MoeOoa=ekU
网络中立是指互联网服务供应商应该同等对待互联网的所有流量txs@!a541mSt!9@hDE*O
2015年美国联邦通信委员会设立了这一规则,目的是阻止互联网服务供应商干预一些网站的流量,为其他网站提供更便捷的流量服务j^g+(lmt3|(aO1N&

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阿基特 派伊(Ajit Pai)是美国联邦通信委员会新上任的主席UD&_Ne)3%0Grq)KpId。派伊也在特朗普所在的共和党Oi=4Us,FwUj~@nRBeT。他表示,3:2的结果终结了网络中立,并阻止日后不必要的管理KU0_StK(s8)9rzP。他补充说,这次票选会恢复此前宽松的框架,也是互联网大多数时候的管理框架hHlwyk9^AXD1^C
委员米利翁 克莱本(Mignon Clyburn)隶属民主党,他表示此举意味着将互联网交给“市值达数十亿的公司那些公司x=9!Ne0j&wwO*sj;n3tD。”
新规则规定,互联网供应商可以自由阻止竞争性的应用AW(Z=TlYHg。服务提供商也可以降低竞争性服务的速度,或者出价更高的公司提供更快的速度kg[n,=b_qsL,.l
所有公司必须在线公布政策,或者将政策改动的情况告知美国联邦通信委员会VR~JgD#vEVDj5***-PXb。这次修改指出,各州不能批准通过不符合美国联邦通信委员会互联网规则的规则OH34c1EN=dLaW];
一些互联网服务提供商,如Comcast、Verizon和AT&T表示,大多数人的上网体验不会发生改变ns*yQyJU9W。但很多公司确实一直在努力影响政客,以废除互联网中立规则mB4H&&by3zoLE(%8E43
一些美国人担心,废除互联网中立规则会让企业有能力控制他们在网上看到的东西和做的事情_RSZ,@npv8
在该委员会进行投票之前,美国联邦通信委员会官网已收到2200万条评论,国会议员也接到了100多万个电话&b-(h)#Q=eHrY8TMJ
Mario Ritter为您播报C+XpN_~zU~V@a,k9G1+@

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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