VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):DNA技术探测神秘"雪人"踪迹
日期:2017-12-06 11:30

(单词翻译:单击)

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Scientists Find No Evidence of Yeti
For decades, a large creature called a Yeti has been talked about in Western popular culture. It has appeared in films, cartoons, video games and more.
The yeti is large and hairy and walks on two feet. Some people claim they have seen a yeti in the Himalayan Mountains in Asia.
It has a fearsome reputation.
Consider a scene from the American cartoon show, Scooby Doo:
-Apparently every restaurant that's ever opened here closed down immediately -- under suspicious circumstances.
-Let me guess: Yeti-related circumstances?
-You got it.
New genetic research suggests that this huge beast may, in fact, exist in the Himalayas.
But it's probably just a bear.
A team of scientists said this week that they had studied the DNA of nine samples from museums and private collections. All of the samples were said to have come from the yeti.
They found that eight of the nine samples came from bears – Asian black bears, Himalayan brown bears and Tibetan brown bears, to be exact. The one remaining sample came from a dog, the researchers found.
Charlotte Lindqvist studies bear genetics at the State University of New York at Buffalo. She is one of the writers of the yeti report published recently in the scientific journal "Proceedings of the Royal Society B." She said the report's findings "strongly suggest" that the legend of the yeti is connected closely to bears that live in the mountainous area.
Lindqvist called the study the most detailed research to date of so-called yeti specimens.
While the recent study did not identify a yeti, it did give scientists information about the area's bear populations.
The brown bears living high in the Tibetan Plateau and the western Himalayan Mountains appear to belong to two separate bear populations, researchers found. Despite living fairly close to each other, those two populations have been separated for thousands of years, Lindqvist said.
I'm John Russell.

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重点解析

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1.popular culture 流行文化;大众文化

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If you had never seen a telly ad, you would be all at sea with popular culture.
如果你从没看过电视广告,你就搞不懂什么是大众文化;sn1vRhu3,

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2.brown bears 棕熊

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Brown bears are omnivorous, eating anything that they can get their paws on.
棕熊是杂食性动物,抓到什么吃什么1+Lm5ar3KZyI2WS,m&_

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3.belong to 属于

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I used to belong to a youth club.
我过去是一个青年俱乐部的成员xGNzcG1#iefClMg

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4.close to 靠近;接近

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I was close to tears with frustration, but I held back.
我沮丧得快要哭出来,但我忍住了%;LD+~Lk(@tgI2ws66D

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5.Apparently every restaurant that's ever opened here closed down immediately -- under suspicious circumstances.

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close down 关闭;停止

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The library had to close down for it was too late.
天太晚了,图书馆得关门了aiv-B,&Bt)MxjWzso)[
The shop of the Lin family had to close down at last.
林家铺子终于倒闭了t^kO!G9*T%P#q

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6.They found that eight of the nine samples came from bears – Asian black bears, Himalayan brown bears and Tibetan brown bears, to be exact.

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to be exact 确切地说

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All of us are on the way, to be exact, at the starting line.
我们所有人都在前进的途中,准确地说,是在起跑线上^%~XsX@HTmj_vzK@
To be exact, she is a very exact person.
确切地说,她是一个一丝不苟的人P];0dzmIZqZsQ3

参考译文

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DNA技术探测神秘“雪人”踪迹
几十年来,西方流行文化中经常会提及“雪人”这种大型生物DeeA(k=OKC8=KJBEC~ke。电影、漫画、电子游戏中常见这种动物的身影^(CvpFPOVB3Vlf
雪人的体型巨大、毛发旺盛并且可以直立行走8,cDEGF,!MQoyVMcaMqM。有人声称曾在喜马拉雅山脉见过雪人oa,6uXR|[T;D|N
传说,雪人非常可怕(BM=BzTY&1Dy9C,uT
我们回忆一下美国动画片《史酷比》中的一个场景:
显然,这里的餐馆因为可疑情况纷纷关门了Dc|5&6_s-!
我猜:是因为雪人?
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雪人.jpg
New genetic research suggests that this huge beast may, in fact, exist in the Himalayas.
新的基因研究表明,这种巨型野兽可能真的存在于喜马拉雅山脉A!=jVI_)ltojjfWZr
只不过它可能是熊PKP%Pjm_fltl7i0
本周,一组科学家表示,他们研究了博物馆和私人收藏的9份DNA样本sU,]6xBSV0FlfBgZ。据说,这些样本皆来自于雪人qE[cc+c|w~h8#]TFOQR
科学家发现,9份样本中有8份来自于熊,确切地说是亚洲黑熊、喜马拉雅棕熊和西藏棕熊LY&gC.!.jO.e!。而剩下的那个样本来自于狗J&Yd#)11(n6|ROR5;K
夏洛特·林奎斯特(Charlotte Lindqvist)在纽约州立大学布法罗分校研究熊类基因UqZXOk~z*TAz。她也是雪人报告的作者之一,近期,该报告刊登在《英国皇家学会学报B版:生物科学》上,y1fJ7+^kX。她指出,研究结果“充分表明”雪人传说与栖息在深山中的熊密切相关SYpgj2uP69
林奎斯特称,该研究是迄今为止对“雪人样本”进行的最细致的研究b-m6Qr@.NVwJlsR0~
虽然该研究并未证实雪人的存在,但的确为科学家提供了该地区熊类种群数量的信息Ez[EULB)2x0#RZVc
研究人员发现,青藏高原的棕熊与喜马拉雅山脉西部的棕熊似乎分属两个不同的种群rZP&Iu#.#80)+-。林奎斯特表示,尽管两者的栖息地非常接近,但两个熊类种群已分开了数千年Tohb!)vnicA|38
约翰·罗塞尔为您播报du=-E*iM;6Mu

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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