Turkey, Iran Sign Trade Deal with Qatar
Turkish and Iranian ministers have signed an agreement with Qatar aimed at increasing the flow of goods to the Gulf state.
Qatar faces trade restrictions from its Middle Eastern neighbors, including Saudi Arabia. The Saudi government has said it wants to punish Qatar for its ties with Iran and suspected links to terrorist groups.
Turkey, however, has increased cooperation with Iran on some issues, especially those connected to the conflict in Syria. For example, both Turkey and Iran oppose the formation of an independent Kurdish state.
AFP reports that the agreement signed Sunday is meant to increase commercial ties and the movement of goods between Turkey, Iran and Qatar.
Turkey increasing ties with Iran
Earlier this month, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that Russian and Iranian leaders increasingly would meet to discuss Syria.
Some experts say that Turkey's growing ties with Iran show there is disagreement with the Saudis. Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman has strengthened Saudi Arabia's efforts to influence its neighbors in the Middle East.
Huseyin Bagci is an international relations professor at the Middle Eastern Technical University in Ankara. He said, "Prince Salman has more aspiration(s) in the region, even to cooperate with Israel and Egypt." He said that Saudi diplomatic efforts have acted to reduce Turkey's influence.
Some experts say that Saudi Arabia's increased foreign relations efforts have been especially hard for President Erdogan.
For more than 15 years, he has sought to build ties with the Saudis in an effort to expand his country's influence in the Middle East.
But the overthrow of Egypt's President Mohamed Morsi in July of 2013 weakened those efforts. Morsi had been a close ally of Erdogan.
Many in Turkey blame the Saudi government for supporting the Egyptian military's move to seize power. Morsi is currently in jail serving a life sentence for supporting violence against protesters opposed to his presidency.
Turkey and Saudi Arabia now compete in some cases for influence in Middle East issues.
But, Turkey also has strong economic ties to Saudi Arabia.
The Saudis are big investors in Turkey and are the top foreign buyer of homes in the country. Saudi economic links also reduce Turkey's dependence on Europe for foreign investment.
I'm Mario Ritter.
1.trade deal 贸易协定
They have been negotiating a bilateral trade deal.
2.foreign investment 外国投资
They should attract foreign investment.
3.opposed to 反对
He said they were opposed to the presence of alien forces in the region.
4.life sentence 无期徒刑
Some were serving life sentences for murder.
5.He said, "Prince Salman has more aspiration(s) in the region, even to cooperate with Israel and Egypt."
cooperate with 与...合作
We want to cooperate with both the administration and Congress.
Her refusal to cooperate with him was a wound to his vanity.
6.For more than 15 years, he has sought to build ties with the Saudis in an effort to expand his country's influence in the Middle East.
in an effort to 为了...
I spent much of my time bundled up in sweaters in an effort to keep warm.
Penny tended to work through her lunch hour in an effort to keep up with her work.
卡塔尔面临着包括沙特阿拉伯在内的中东邻国的贸易限制 。沙特政府称，此举是为了惩罚卡塔尔与伊朗建立关系，并怀疑其与恐怖组织有关 。
然而，土耳其在某些问题上加强了与伊朗的合作，尤其是叙利亚冲突方面的问题 。例如，两国都反对库尔德独立 。
一些专家称，土耳其与伊朗关系密切，表明土耳其与沙特阿拉伯存在分歧 。沙特阿拉伯王储萨勒曼有意巩固其在中东邻国的势力 。
侯赛因（Huseyin Bagci）是安卡拉中东技术大学的国际关系教授 。他说：“即使与以色列和埃及合作，萨勒曼也对这个地区（中东）野心勃勃 。”他表示沙特的外交举措是在削弱土耳其的影响力 。
不过，2013年7月埃及总统穆罕默德·穆尔西的统治被推翻，此举受到影响 。穆尔西一直是埃尔多安的亲密盟友 。
大批土耳其人指责沙特政府支持埃及军方夺取政权 。目前，穆尔西因支持暴力对待反对其执政的抗议者被判终身监禁 。
沙特人是土耳其主要的投资商，也是最大的海外购房买家 。沙特的经济联系也减少了土耳其对欧洲外国投资的依赖 。