VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):债务违约或将恶化委内瑞拉危机
日期:2017-11-29 15:22

(单词翻译:单击)

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Stopping Debt Payments Could Worsen Venezuela's Crisis
Venezuela is struggling to pay back an estimated $150 billion in debt.
The country's financial crisis only makes life worse for people like Luber Faneitte.
Faneitte lives in a run-down building in downtown Caracas. She receives disability payments from her job and survives on less than $9 each month.
Faneitte lives with a daughter and four grandchildren. They all depend on her small income. She struggles to have enough food to eat and to pay her bills. She depends on food the government sells once a month at reduced prices.
Health problems add to her worries. Faneitte has lung cancer. Doctors say she needs chemotherapy to treat her cancer. But Faneitte stopped chemotherapy in January because of the severe shortage of medicine.
Instead, she prepares a homemade mixture of liqueur, honey and aloe vera.
"I leave it outside for two days, then I take a spoonful in the morning and another at night. I think I breathe much better when I take it," she said.
The poor in the South American nation are especially suffering because of the economy. The International Monetary Fund predicts that inflation will reach 2,300 percent in 2018.
A member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, or OPEC, Venezuela depends on oil for almost all of its export income.
But oil prices remain low. That means Venezuela has less money to import many goods that it needs. The decrease in imports has worsened the seemingly endless shortages of basic supplies such as soap and toilet paper.
The idea of Venezuela ending its debt payments is seen as a possible short-term political gain for the country's largely unpopular President Nicolas Maduro. He is expected to seek re-election in 2018.
If Maduro stops debt payments, or declares default, the money could be used to buy imports and do election campaigning. It would also decrease the risk of street protests.
But experts say the long-term effect of defaulting would be extremely bad. Alejandro Grisanti is with the group Ecoanalitica which provides business advice. He says Venezuela would face legal action from its creditors. It would also have its property held in foreign countries seized as a result.
Maduro has said he wants to refinance and restructure Venezuela's debt. But the idea of default is a looming concern for people who could be affected.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

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重点解析

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1.in debt 负债;欠钱

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I'm now up to my ears in debt and dare not borrow any more money.
我现在是债台高筑,再也不敢借钱了DxD_Nyvs8#W~0tX)LX

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2.survive on 靠...为生

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Where once she had been totally self-sufficient, she now had to survive on income support.
她曾经完全能自给自足,而现在却不得不靠收入补助金维持生计dd(.w;[%Yhyc!w&!0yF@

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3.financial crisis 金融危机

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This financial crisis had a much greater impact on Main Street.
这次金融危机对老百姓的影响更为深远*Ry71N0@4pr

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4.pay back 偿还

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I'll pay you back that two quid tomorrow.
我明天还你那两英镑R*6gFNoXehH_SQL

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5.She depends on food the government sells once a month at reduced prices.

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depends on 依靠;依赖

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The development of the food industry depends on that of agriculture.
食品工业的发展有赖于农业的发展bEXRadx*XXU*8kD5Ws
The success or failure of the matter depends on your own effort.
事情的成败在你自己的努力Z&%Q2F|-kzSVPxUFkxf

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6.It would also have its property held in foreign countries seized as a result.

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as a result 结果是...

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As a result, industry was overmanned and pen-pushers were everywhere.
结果是,企业人浮于事,到处都是耍笔杆子的人n]el!YShT0m3G
As a result, the bad thing has been turned into a good one.
结果坏事变成了好事h3pyh;iNt=McI.M+j=

参考译文

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债务违约或将恶化委内瑞拉危机
委内瑞拉正在竭力偿还约1500亿美元的债务vNjW%uv6-SRu6bV
该国的金融危机只会让菲尼特(Luber Faneitte)等平民的生活每况愈下AT@V_[fmLUM
菲尼特栖身在加拉加斯市中心一栋破败的房子里WE-Kr~Ei_^*[HVwL3。她每月领取公司的伤残津贴,依靠不足9美元的生活费艰难度日]8vh3-&.pmf]iaK~
菲尼特跟女儿及四个外孙一起生活,而菲尼特的津贴是唯一的收入来源vgOBlwcHQH。菲尼特的收入只能勉强糊口、应付日常开支,全家的食物主要靠政府每月低价出售的粮食B*[l_Bn*]KPci8Z8qV
让她忧心的还有健康方面的问题Jh%Tk9fB0t#。菲尼特患有肺癌oIkNx4KIYaStB[0pu_Y。医生警告她必须通过化疗治疗癌症,cN#+-!1boWT5+n,1。但由于药品急缺,菲尼特在1月份就停止了化疗P!i,X(SnSh,B-x(Zw

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委内瑞拉债务违约.jpg
她将白酒、蜂蜜和芦荟自制成药水代替药物3=g@psPE%t(HVcZ]@j
她说:“让药水在户外放置两天,然后早晚各饮一勺Xfy+6p5wmP_!ocW4。我觉得服用时药水时,呼吸顺畅多了vGW5JemL~+-a7。”
经济危机导致委内瑞拉的穷人苦不堪言Mt8s4@-kQ,wK。国际货币基金组织预计,2018年该国的通货膨胀率将达到2300%8.po@Y]4xxik
作为石油输出国组织(OPEC)成员国,委内瑞拉几乎所有出口收入都依靠石油0w0|[#v=8a2H
然而,油价持续低迷eL1-S3pAvsuyKL*U。这意味着委内瑞拉缺乏足够资金进口所需的商品+wu5aaeq7zM]@~3BHQR。进口量锐减导致肥皂、卫生纸等基本生活用品更加短缺LvI5.[dQj1^3
对于该国不受爱戴的马杜罗总统来说,委内瑞拉停止偿付债务可能会获得短期的政治利益W~yUV5YeJNZgjxnj=P。预计他将在2018年寻求连任2;C1B-qm!Yyb
如果马杜罗停止偿付债务或违约,这些资金就可以用来进口商品、资助竞选活动Qg1B.#DM&*],;(s&YN。这还能降低游行示威的风险z5KCr|+R]ijcoxkw;
不过专家表示,违约的长期影响极其恶劣^HPKRG@lW[(S|^&[。亚历杭德罗·格里桑蒂(Alejandro Grisanti)供职于Ecoanalitica,该公司专门提供商业建议eS0P1h_gM330f。他说,委内瑞拉或将面临债权人提起的法律诉讼,还会导致委内瑞拉境外的资产被扣押CVw3*3&eVDTm0ZQa.
马杜罗表示,他希望对委内瑞拉的债务进行再融资和重组w(x@JiFuEbnU1=。对于那些潜在的受害者来说,违约是一个迫在眉睫的问题e0+GRbNc%1xmSpafV
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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