What is the History of the Presidential Turkey Pardon?
Every year, at a ceremony at the White House, the American president "pardons" a turkey.
Instead of becoming part of a Thanksgiving dinner in the United States, the bird's life is saved.
Stories on the origins of the presidential turkey "pardon" are numerous. Some of these stories date back to the presidency of Abraham Lincoln during the U.S. Civil War.
Edward Lengel is the chief historian of the White House Historical Association.
"He (the president) had a son named Ted, who joked with Abraham Lincoln about his pet turkey that he had, who was strolling around the voting booths in 1864. And Abraham Lincoln asked why he was strolling around. Is he (the turkey) here to vote?"
The boy answered that his turkey could not vote because he was too young.
"Therefore," Lengel said, "Abraham Lincoln pardoned his turkey and forgave him the possibility of being killed for the Thanksgiving table."
Some people say a later president, Harry Truman, was the originator of the modern-day turkey pardon. But the Truman Library and Museum disputes this claim.
According to the library's website, workers have found no evidence of "Truman pardoning a turkey that he received as a gift in 1947, or at any other time during his Presidency. "
Almost 20 years after Truman's presidency, President John F. Kennedy decided to spare a turkey brought to the White House for the Thanksgiving meal. He reportedly said: ‘No, I think I'll pardon this turkey and let it grow.'
Edward Lengel notes that Kennedy was the first president to give an official pardon.
"We know that John F Kennedy definitely began this tradition and it has continued on and off ever since."
After 1981, the custom of sending the pardoned turkey to a farm became accepted practice during the presidency of Ronald Reagan.
Even if the presidents pardon turkeys before Thanksgiving, they generally still eat a different turkey on the holiday.
The bird cooked for the president's meal is bought with his own money and prepared according to his taste and that of his family.
I'm John Russell.
1.Instead of 代替
We did the logo in lower-case letters instead of capitals.
2.according to 根据
Prices vary according to the quantity ordered.
3.civil war 内战
Civil war and famine sent the nation plunging into anarchy.
4.stroll around 漫步；闲逛
I usually go for a stroll around the botanical garden during my lunch break.
5.Some of these stories date back to the presidency of Abraham Lincoln during the U.S. Civil War.
date back to 追溯到
The progenitor of this class of problems may date back to pre-Greek times.
My family has a vase, which is said to date back to Ming Dynasty.
6."We know that John F Kennedy definitely began this tradition and it has continued on and off ever since."
ever since 从那时到现在
He's been there ever since you left!
I simply gave in to him, and I've regretted it ever since.
关于美国总统“赦免”火鸡的起源说法不一 。有人认为，这一传统始于美国内战期间的亚伯拉罕·林肯总统 。
爱德华·伦格尔（Edward Lengel）是白宫历史学会的首席历史学家 。
“林肯总统之子特德曾跟父亲打趣自己养的宠物火鸡 。1864年，这只火鸡不停地在投票站附近转悠 。林肯对这只火鸡的举动感到好奇，它是想投票吗？”
还有一些人表示，哈里·杜鲁门（Harry Truman）才是“火鸡赦免仪式”的首位总统 。但杜鲁门总统图书馆暨博物馆推翻了这一说法 。
杜鲁门卸任约20年后，约翰·肯尼迪（John F. Kennedy）决定赦免这只作为感恩节礼物送到白宫的火鸡 。据报道，肯尼迪曾表示，“我想赦免这只火鸡，让它安享晚年 。”