VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国总统"赦免火鸡"的由来
日期:2017-11-24 15:37

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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What is the History of the Presidential Turkey Pardon?
Every year, at a ceremony at the White House, the American president "pardons" a turkey.
Instead of becoming part of a Thanksgiving dinner in the United States, the bird's life is saved.
Stories on the origins of the presidential turkey "pardon" are numerous. Some of these stories date back to the presidency of Abraham Lincoln during the U.S. Civil War.
Edward Lengel is the chief historian of the White House Historical Association.
"He (the president) had a son named Ted, who joked with Abraham Lincoln about his pet turkey that he had, who was strolling around the voting booths in 1864. And Abraham Lincoln asked why he was strolling around. Is he (the turkey) here to vote?"
The boy answered that his turkey could not vote because he was too young.
"Therefore," Lengel said, "Abraham Lincoln pardoned his turkey and forgave him the possibility of being killed for the Thanksgiving table."
Some people say a later president, Harry Truman, was the originator of the modern-day turkey pardon. But the Truman Library and Museum disputes this claim.
According to the library's website, workers have found no evidence of "Truman pardoning a turkey that he received as a gift in 1947, or at any other time during his Presidency. "
Almost 20 years after Truman's presidency, President John F. Kennedy decided to spare a turkey brought to the White House for the Thanksgiving meal. He reportedly said: ‘No, I think I'll pardon this turkey and let it grow.'
Edward Lengel notes that Kennedy was the first president to give an official pardon.
"We know that John F Kennedy definitely began this tradition and it has continued on and off ever since."
After 1981, the custom of sending the pardoned turkey to a farm became accepted practice during the presidency of Ronald Reagan.
Even if the presidents pardon turkeys before Thanksgiving, they generally still eat a different turkey on the holiday.
The bird cooked for the president's meal is bought with his own money and prepared according to his taste and that of his family.
I'm John Russell.

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重点解析

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1.Instead of 代替

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We did the logo in lower-case letters instead of capitals.
我们的徽标用了小写字母,没用大写D34j*gR(#haYZ5coFPCw

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2.according to 根据

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Prices vary according to the quantity ordered.
价格随订购数量不同而有所变化C&e1[ZtqE|F2Z|,&

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3.civil war 内战

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Civil war and famine sent the nation plunging into anarchy.
内战和饥荒使该国陷入了无政府状态R~u~o7q(+._Kn!

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4.stroll around 漫步;闲逛

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I usually go for a stroll around the botanical garden during my lunch break.
午饭休息时间我通常到植物园散散步fXyE_&-m.k!c9Tno[

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5.Some of these stories date back to the presidency of Abraham Lincoln during the U.S. Civil War.

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date back to 追溯到

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The progenitor of this class of problems may date back to pre-Greek times.
这类问题的先驱可以追溯到希腊以前的时间esqSc=|LSvsx
My family has a vase, which is said to date back to Ming Dynasty.
我家有个花瓶,据说是从明代传下来的i,Vu]4=s3aJrIxDFtq

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6."We know that John F Kennedy definitely began this tradition and it has continued on and off ever since."

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ever since 从那时到现在

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He's been there ever since you left!
自从你离开后他就一直在那里!
I simply gave in to him, and I've regretted it ever since.
我就向他屈服了,从那以后我一直后悔*WluRVpDHCNdY

参考译文

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美国总统“赦免火鸡的由来
每年,美国总统都会在白宫举办“赦免”火鸡的仪式k).LD~!p-|aNPW
被赦免的火鸡能够侥幸存活,避免成为人们感恩节的盘中餐CXg|fMRh|6EkEP](%G(S
关于美国总统“赦免”火鸡的起源说法不一61obP0DIwWYri!6p.。有人认为,这一传统始于美国内战期间的亚伯拉罕·林肯总统uvD2[Hx|opE%c8nA]^
爱德华·伦格尔(Edward Lengel)是白宫历史学会的首席历史学家des1[.=8Cdv!+K]2
“林肯总统之子特德曾跟父亲打趣自己养的宠物火鸡(DH!733zRIp(B+m&s@wP。1864年,这只火鸡不停地在投票站附近转悠LYkQF-CbYk^6.m~cw。林肯对这只火鸡的举动感到好奇,它是想投票吗?”
特德说,我的火鸡年纪尚小,还不能投票-YE=6@pyqLx

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赦免火鸡.jpg
伦格尔说,“因此,林肯总统赦免了这只火鸡,避免了其可能登上感恩节餐桌的厄运x#!!MmI9Xrv。”
还有一些人表示,哈里·杜鲁门(Harry Truman)才是“火鸡赦免仪式”的首位总统L~FLwu7,5yhR+L0*x*JM。但杜鲁门总统图书馆暨博物馆推翻了这一说法3u-FncK6qQ3ZPk2eD
该图书馆的官网上标明,馆内员工没有发现证据表明“1947年,杜鲁门在收到火鸡礼物时将其赦免,或在就职期间赦免过火鸡)98YKnB~Gt。”
杜鲁门卸任约20年后,约翰·肯尼迪(John F. Kennedy)决定赦免这只作为感恩节礼物送到白宫的火鸡qJ4aEaKlZo[bIHw。据报道,肯尼迪曾表示,“我想赦免这只火鸡,让它安享晚年h*PdOp)K_B8+=M3vOQ。”
伦格尔指出,肯尼迪才是正式赦免火鸡的第一位总统XIx^iJ[N@BU9Mf-p.l+W
“我们知道,肯尼迪发起了这一传统并将其延续下来oZlwStZP06。”
1981年之后,将赦免的火鸡送往农场饲养已被大众所接受,当时的总统是罗纳德·里根rf,_MLNT0,).6Z(%y&DF
不过,虽然总统在感恩节前赦免了一只火鸡,但他们依旧会在感恩节期间吃其他火鸡qK#henx(lX@v
感恩节期间,为总统烹制的火鸡由他本人买单,口味也会根据总统及其家人的爱好进行调整h=fLvN+5PWEj^~
约翰·拉塞尔为您播报y;R.bPTO3,x7oc,gwRP

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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