VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):堪比人类!绵羊可识别人脸
日期:2017-11-24 11:09

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Sheep Can Recognize Human Faces
University of Cambridge scientists have trained sheep to recognize the faces of famous people.
The scientists hope facial recognition may help with their understanding of neurodegenerative diseases.
The researchers showed the sheep pictures of people on two computer screens. One screen had an unknown person and the other had one of four famous people.
The animals were given food for choosing the photograph of the famous person. They chose the correct photograph by breaking an infrared beam near the flat surface showing the photo.
If they chose the wrong image, an electric signaling device would make a sound, and the sheep would receive no treat.
The sheep eventually were able to identify the famous face eight times out of every ten tries.
The group of famous personalities included actors Emma Watson and Jake Gyllenhaal, and former American president Barack Obama.
Professor Jenny Morton was the leader of the study. "We've shown that sheep have advanced face-recognition abilities, comparable with those of humans and monkeys," she noted.
The sheep were less successful when presented with the faces at a new angle or from a different direction. However, the researchers said the performance of the animals on this test was similar to the levels seen when humans took the test.
Scientists aim to use the sheep as models to study disorders of the brain, such as Huntington's disease. This disorder develops over a long period of time and affects the brain's ability to work.
I'm John Russell.

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重点解析

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1.computer screen 电脑屏幕

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We can study at home by watching educators on TV or on a computer screen.
我们可以在家里通过电视或电脑屏幕上的教学人员授课进行学习+IydqH)twcZN,Y

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2.a long period of time 长期的

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The inscription of the monument has worn away over a long period of time.
年深月久,碑文已经磨灭了a,ltIr6zk&

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3.make a sound 发出声音

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Liza was so frightened she couldn't make a sound.
莉莎实在吓坏了,不敢弄出一点声音来^VS7d!dkfNR

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4.facial recognition 面部识别

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Facial recognition programs are used in police and security operations.
面部识别计划将用于警方和安全任务之中s0Xk+L.;GzJr

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5."We've shown that sheep have advanced face-recognition abilities, comparable with those of humans and monkeys," she noted.

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compare with 与...相比

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My English cannot compare with his.
我的英语不及他OfXp%XM1Wq7f^nrZ^9-w
The flowers here do not compare with those at home.
这儿的花比不上家乡的花p+wM=b|C7hiGl@!1uTr(

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6.Scientists aim to use the sheep as models to study disorders of the brain, such as Huntington's disease.

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aim to 计划;打算

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They aim to clear every dealer from the street.
他们打算把街上所有的毒品贩子都清走0,@+awe,4mw+7Tw[py
We aim to increase sales by 10 percent.
我们的目标是将销售额提高10%VS9ONp.SMnCC

参考译文

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堪比人类!绵羊可识别人脸
剑桥大学的科学家们通过训练绵羊来识别名人的面孔C3F!*Y9am.KuH
科学家们希望,面部识别能够加深他们对神经退行性疾病的理解(y=#DPs^D&X[kfgq
研究人员利用两个电脑屏幕向绵羊展示了人脸照片@@KFGNRk_!xnF2a3S_UD。其中一位是普通人,另一边是四位名人中的一位(]#7[b]299
只要绵羊选对了名人的照片,就可以得到食物QdO|+zmwi8。它们可以通过感应屏幕上显示的红外光束来选择名人的照片1gdW0nEImp
如果他们选择的是错误照片,一个电子装置就会发出声响,而绵羊也得不到任何食物奖励az24lw,Kqy~61TYm5

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绵羊人脸识别.jpg
最终,绵羊能够准确辨认出名人面孔的几率高达80%Gfx&tF=ACvHENgL
这组名人中包括演员艾玛·沃特森和杰克·吉伦哈尔以及美国前总统奥巴马^(Gg.8Z4Pwod!;
教授珍妮·莫顿(Jenny Morton)主导了此次研究MXyIJ_FZJ-RSBmWP_。她指出,“实验表明,绵羊高级的人脸识别能力能够与人类和灵长类相提并论!”
而当这些人脸以不同的视角呈现时,绵羊识别的准确率会下降w|v18y.gy)I(。然而,研究人员表示,在这次实验中,绵羊的表现与人类测试时的水平相当k,tKyM%Fp8-%S
科学家旨在以绵羊为模型来研究脑紊乱疾病,如享廷顿病Ty_kIaxX.&U。该病患病时间长且会影响大脑的认知能力1)[O)(=7z#!37Z0
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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