VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):津巴布韦总统穆加贝辞职
日期:2017-11-23 17:31

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe Resigns
Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe has resigned after 37 years in office.
Parliamentary speaker Jacob Mudenda read Mugabe's resignation letter to Zimbabwe's Parliament Tuesday.
Mugabe wrote, "My decision to resign is voluntary on my part and arises from my concern for the welfare of the people of Zimbabwe and my desire for a smooth, non-violent transfer of power."
The letter said the resignation was effective immediately.
Celebrations broke out in parliament. Lawmakers had gathered to begin legal action to remove the 93-year-old Mugabe from office.
People also danced in the streets of Harare and blew car horns in reaction to the announcement.
The Zimbabwean military placed Mugabe under house arrest on November 15. The military took action a little more than a week after Mugabe dismissed Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa. That dismissal appeared to put Mugabe's wife, Grace, in a position to become the next leader.
Pressure to resign increased after statement
Mugable's ruling ZANU-PF party had been pressuring him to resign since his house arrest. Hundreds of thousands of Zimbabweans publicly demonstrated in protest of the ousted president.
On Sunday, Mugabe spoke to the nation. He said he would remain in office and lead the ZANU-PF meeting in December. His statement led lawmakers to take action to remove him from office.
Opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai of the MDC party spoke Tuesday before the resignation announcement. He said the culture of the ruling party "must end" and everyone must work together toward free and fair elections.
Mugabe has led Zimbabwe since it became a fully independent and recognized country in 1980. But the country's economy had weakened severely, leading to calls that Mugabe step down.
I'm Caty Weaver.

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重点解析

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1.in protest of 反对

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Iran with its Shiia majority had withdrawn its ambassador in protest of the deaths.
为了对杀害时间表示抗议,伊朗和什叶派多数派撤出了驻巴林大使b_7*ffP-_zI!l

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2.the ruling party 执政党

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Voters wish to register their dissatisfaction with the ruling party.
选民希望表达他们对执政党的不满4;3.k-p]RBA]-sZpWI#

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3.broke out 爆发

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When hostilities broke out he returned to England and joined up.
战事爆发之后,他回到英格兰参军了,Py@0dAygVl0x]2EkU^1

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4.legal action 法律措施

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He vowed to take legal action.
他誓言要采取法律行动*QvL]i.1X%(7]]z

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5.His statement led lawmakers to take action to remove him from office.

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take action 采取措施

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We had to take action to protect the proprietary technology.
我们必须采取措施保护专利技术;(&t#~Sia28
We must take action to deal with the problem before it spreads to other areas.
我们必须采取行动,在问题扩展到其他地区之前将其解决Mkn0he66RYI!oj(j

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6.But the country's economy had weakened severely, leading to calls that Mugabe step down.

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step down 辞职;下台

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The reactionaries will never, of their own accord, step down from the stage of history.
反动派决不会自行退出历史舞台%%!c4lH!-pA83
The president need not step down so long as the elections are held under international supervision.
只要选举在国际监督下进行,总统就不用下台ZM;^C(wb28

参考译文

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津巴布韦总统穆加贝辞职
津巴布韦总统穆加贝(Robert Mugabe)宣布辞职,结束了其长达37年的执政生涯OmV.qAhYx_H
周二,津巴布韦国会议长雅各布·穆登达(Jacob Mudenda)宣读了穆加贝的辞职信Ju*sNSk=[lf#EgaIad
穆加贝信中称,“辞职的决定出于本人自愿,也考虑到津巴布韦人民的福祉以及希望实现平稳、和平的权力过渡YQBx|=[iVD.|。”信中还表示,辞职的决定立即生效(Y@|)a5LC]v-+Nt@#y
国会还举办了庆祝活动d([][X)T77bnXMM。为了将93岁的穆加贝赶下台,议员们联合起来采取了法律行动dj!4Q+JY|KP|dg*3Hm^
这一消息公布时,民众在哈拉雷的大街上载歌载舞,汽车也纷纷鸣笛庆贺y[]vU2bB3B9|YLcZY
11月15日,津巴布韦军方将穆加贝软禁在家中np]Q[uTVUxpSbwc.。大约一周前,穆加贝解除了副总统姆南加古瓦(Emmerson Mnangagwa)的职务,之后军方采取了这一行动UZ_xxczIt[LE~xmo。穆加贝此举是想扶持妻子格蕾丝成为继任者daQ3f_nYwLxJJ*WB[a

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津巴布韦总统辞职.jpg
声明成为弹劾的导火索
穆加贝被软禁后,其所在的执政党——爱国阵线党(ZANU-PF party)一直在施加压力,要求他辞职8y@u;fVTS7。数十万津巴布韦民众公开示威游行,抗议被罢免的总统,cM%%ACYgS9w^%1Kl9
周日,穆加贝发表全国讲话*&I66ihSej0。他表示,会继续留任并将于12月领导“民盟”会议D*hyk;0ht9。这一声明导致众议员开始采取行动,赶他下台bim%#GpL(2a!j8
周二,民主变革运动党领袖摩根·茨万吉拉伊(Morgan Tsvangirai)在辞职声明前发表了讲话2W2v!Q%Lcl!tO2l(NM;。他说,执政党的文化“必须终结”,各党派须共同努力,实现自由、公正的选举jauar.u2)..d
自1980年独立建国以来,穆加贝一直统治着津巴布韦c3=s=O2TdG(GueBJ2r|。但是这个国家的经济已经严重衰弱,要求穆加贝下台的呼声也愈演愈烈860wYyg+lal%h#zJ2|
凯蒂·韦弗为您播报6Mu2zVc52p@

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • announcementn. 通知,发表,宣布
  • registerv. 记录,登记,注册,挂号 n. 暂存器,记录,登记簿
  • legaladj. 法律的,合法的,法定的
  • supervisionn. 监督,管理
  • proprietaryadj. 专利的,所有权的 n. 所有权,所有人
  • voluntaryadj. 自愿的,志愿的 n. (教堂礼拜仪式前后或进行
  • accordn. 一致,符合 v. 使一致,调解,给予
  • protectvt. 保护,投保
  • resignv. 辞职,放弃,顺从,听任
  • decisionn. 决定,决策