VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):游客成灾 欧洲城市叫苦不迭
日期:2017-11-21 17:42

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Too Much Tourism?
Cities – particularly in Europe – are increasingly taking steps against tourists.
Venice, Italy, for example, is planning to bar some large passenger ships. Barcelona, Spain, has placed restrictions on apartment rentals. The problem these cities say they are dealing with is "overtourism" -- too many tourists visiting at once.
Debate over tourism
Jonathan Keates is the chairman of the Venice In Peril Fund, an aid and activist group. He said too many people are crowding the walkways and canals of Venice, interfering in what he calls a "still living city."
Taleb Rifai is the secretary general of the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). He spoke recently to tourism ministers at London's World Travel Market. He said the rise of slogans, such as "tourists go home" and "tourists are terrorists," was "a wake-up call."
Anger about tourism could continue to grow as more people travel every year. The UNWTO estimates tourists will take 1.8 billion trips by 2030, up from 1.2 billion in 2016.
Low-cost airline tickets are helping fuel the growth in tourism numbers, along with increasing travel from China.
Yet many places depend on tourism for jobs and wealth. Around 10 percent of the world's gross domestic product, or GDP, comes from tourism.
Taleb Rifai said that growth is not "the enemy." But, he said tourism must be made "sustainable and responsible" to help local communities.
What are countries and cities doing to limit tourism?
Ecuador permits only 100,000 visitors to the Galapagos Islands each year. The Croatian city of Dubrovnik is considering permitting only 4,000 visitors daily. Visitors have flooded the Adriatic Sea town since it was used as a setting for the television series "Game of Thrones."
Other cities are urging tourists to visit less famous parts of town. Prague, for example, has an "off the beaten track" tourist program. London is promoting neighborhoods such as Greenwich and Richmond.
Barcelona has cracked down on unofficial housing rentals and established a tourism council that includes residents, businesses, and unions.
Is there a solution?
Gloria Guevara is the president and CEO of the London-based World Travel & Tourism Council. "There is no one solution for all. Every destination is different," she said.
Tim Fairhurst leads planning and policy at the European Tourism Association. He said businesses do not want to put their customers in places where they are treated as unwelcome. He said simple measures can make a difference, such as changing opening hours or increasing parking space.
"There are lots of ways in which we use our cities inefficiently," he said, "We could do better."
I'm John Russell.

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重点解析

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1.passenger ships 客轮

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How many passenger ships go to Yantai each day?
发往烟台的客轮每天有几班?

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2.depend on 依赖;依靠

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Needy and handicapped people depend on government relief for their support.
穷人和残疾人依靠政府的救济维持生计bi%8+Uxgdh(7,

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3.parking space 停车位

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I knew I'd never find a parking space in the Square.
我知道在广场上肯定找不到停车位8*T-A-6kHbJ

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4.opening hours 开放时间

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Our local shop has very convenient opening hours.
我们这儿的商店营业时间很方便&p5-JKFuEn9

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5.Cities – particularly in Europe – are increasingly taking steps against tourists.

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taking steps 采取措施

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We are taking steps to prevent air pollution.
我们正在采取措施防止空气污染vK-cWN9&mI7Qwv
The government is taking steps to control the rising crime rate.
政府正采取措施,控制不断上升的犯罪率fuve8*Kq0O@&#

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6.He said simple measures can make a difference, such as changing opening hours or increasing parking space.

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make a difference 有影响;起作用

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We should make a difference between new word and coinages.
对新词和生造词要区别对待;Jg~3B!J_R[MC(;bEE
I believed that I can make a difference in this world.
我也坚信我世界一定会因我而不同hP=dZHwaB|

参考译文

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游客成灾 欧洲城市叫苦不迭
各大城市,尤其是欧洲城市越来越多地采取措施限制游客Cg9PcB0uCKU&_r1
例如,意大利威尼斯正计划禁止一些大型客轮-)+Yg=sSm,7。西班牙巴塞罗那已经对公寓出租进行了限制A)]uCQ5F2ylLWC3Qi^C。这些城市表示,他们是为了处理“旅游开发过度”的问题,即有太多游客同时“到访”Wp~d^I|tGJG0
旅游方面的争议
乔纳森·基茨(Jonathan Keates)是“拯救威尼斯基金会”的主席,这是一家援助和维权组织Vto4NL0lM&og。他表示,威尼斯的人行道和河道已经人满为患,干扰到了这座“有生机的城市y%%w4YPYCLQ,Zvb。”
塔勒布·瑞法依(Taleb Rifai)是联合国世界旅游组织的秘书长Ing#2PO0)e=,8;YD![mA。近日,他在伦敦举行的世界旅游博览会上对各国旅游部长发表了讲话Te-+N6m-sHljp[7y]YZ。他说,“游客回家去”和“游客都是恐怖分子”等口号的兴起就是一个“警钟g^OevoVwh]u_f.h。”

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游客成灾 欧洲城市叫苦不迭.jpg
随着每年越来越多的人旅游,针对游客的敌对情绪可能会随之上涨PdBQck4b]uB4;a。据联合国世界旅游组织估计,到2030年,游客将从2016年的12亿次增加到18亿次ACmJfK4..)PPa![z
廉价航空机票以及中国人出境旅游的增加助推了游客数量的增长&TO[,1vdIy]k=Uia
然而,很多地方靠旅游业创造就业机会和财富u]8&jZV~4T。约10%的全球国内生产总值(GDP)来自于旅游业g#,Qe;*NmU;PH
瑞法依表示,游客数量增长并不是“敌人vrly&q!%Z~@r[4。”不过,他也指出,旅游业必须达到“可持续与负责任”,来帮助当地社区w4nF*~1w7oO#o-l+
各国和城市如何限制旅游?
厄瓜多尔的加拉帕戈斯群岛每年只接待10万游客-ELH9ln|m1p|%=U。克罗地亚的杜布罗夫尼克正在考虑日接待游客4000名的措施jN2ojN1WbUJ41hIy。因电视剧《权力的游戏》在此地取景拍摄,慕名前来的游客已经“攻占”了这一亚得里亚海小镇#[uhI.*SEK&G~wf*
其它城市正呼吁游客到城镇中一些出名稍逊的地方观光tLuZohKA(jy13DElxz=。例如,布拉格有一个“鲜有人涉足”的旅游项目8ba(1_FiUxB。伦敦也正在大力宣传格林威治和里士满等社区wlUeuL%Bov-N!~
巴塞罗那已经取缔了非官方的房屋租赁,并建立了一个包括居民、企业和工会在内的旅游委员会@UuIOIe]Lsj%Du0W@
有具体的解决方案吗?
格洛里亚·格瓦拉(Gloria Guevara)是总部位于伦敦的世界旅游业理事会总裁和首席执行官9h17DafXb*u|;。她表示:“没有统一的解决方案,每个地区的旅游方案都是‘因地制宜’fJ2^S9|m8M5,0。”
蒂姆·费尔赫斯特(Tim Fairhurst)负责欧洲旅游协会的规划和政策(l0K,H@6i^.oo,4ICQe6。他说,旅游企业不希望将顾客带到不受欢迎的地方aMp0KV4Y07+##。他说,某些简单措施就能发挥作用,例如改变开放时间或增加停车位等[-XAZ%icB&X%nl#w
他说:“我们有很多方法高校得开发我们的城市,我们可以做得更好yq1C|9Ql*(Xn#5un。”
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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