VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):新研究:白天的伤口更易愈合
日期:2017-11-19 17:55

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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A new study suggests that the timing of a wound affects the speed at which it heals.
Wounds suffered during the day heal around 60 percent faster than those sustained at night.
The study showed how the body's circadian rhythm controlled the healing of wounds. The circadian rhythm is like a clock or timer. It tells our bodies when to wake up, eat and sleep in a cycle -- a series of activities that repeat themselves day after day. Each cycle lasts about 24 hours.
In the study, researchers found that skin cells moved faster to repair wounds sustained during the day. Their findings were published in the journal Science Translational Medicine.
The researchers examined cells, mice, and burn injury databases. Specifically, their investigation found the following information: Night-time burns - burns suffered between 8 o'clock at night and 8 o'clock the next morning - were 95 percent healed after an average of 28 days.
But after an average of 17 days, daytime burns - burns sustained between 8 o'clock in the morning and 8 at night – were 95 percent healed.
In other words, nighttime injuries took an average of 11 days longer to heal.
The scientists say that circadian clocks play an important part in healing. Circadian clocks control many cells in the body and affect many biological processes, including sleeping.
John O'Neill was a co-leader of the study. This is the first time that the circadian clock within individual cells has been shown to determine how effectively they respond to injuries, he said.
O'Neill added We consistently see about a two-fold difference in wound healing speed between the body clock's day and night. It may be that our bodies have evolved to heal fastest during the day when injuries are more likely to occur.
Wounds are very costly to treat. Worldwide, billions of dollars are spent every year on wound-treatment services. In Britain's National Health Services, for example, such services cost around $6.56 billion per year. Experts says the high costs result, in part, from a lack of drugs that speed up the closure of wounds.
The findings, if confirmed by other studies, could have important implications for surgical operations and wound-healing medicines.
John Blaikley works at Britain's University of Manchester. He said the new study's findings could help scientists develop better drugs. The findings, he added, could also help doctors understand the best time of day to do a surgery or give medicine.
I'm John Russell.

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重点解析

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1.circadian rhythm 生物节律

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"Our circadian rhythm wants us to sleep at night," she said.
我们的生理节律要求我们在晚上睡觉,"她说3G2_MA^mCW!1bF!GmL%

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2.day after day 日复一日

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In our house, at the time, a cascade of musical emotion was gushing forth day after day, hour after hour, its scattered spray reflecting into our being a whole gamut of rainbow colours.
那个时期,在我家里,一道音乐情感的瀑布日复一日、时时刻刻地奔流着,它溅起的水雾,四散开来,在我们的心中折射出彩虹色的全部音阶_VF(;lNj,oTdIc

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3.result from... 由……造成

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Her blindness of both eyes resulted from a traffic accident.
她的双目失明是由于一次交通事故造成的OOWFkhLSOqg]x_q+tR

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4.in other words 换句话说

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In other words, you may not be sure what to do next in this predicament.
换句话说,您可能并不知道您在这种状态下,接下来要做什么o4qIBdI_4CNSH,t

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5.Wounds suffered during the day heal around 60 percent faster than those sustained at night.

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at night 在晚上,在夜晚

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We will transit the strait at night.
我们将在夜间通过那个海峡x~SuJXEJn%b]S,R~CB=
He entered the church alone at night.
他孑然一人在夜晚走进了那所教堂VNVyJZCD5Oe6

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6.It tells our bodies when to wake up, eat and sleep in a cycle –

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wake up 醒来,苏醒

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Wake up and dress, now!
醒来,该穿衣了!
You can go to bed with one view and wake up with another.
你可以在一种景色相伴下入眠,而醒来看到的是另一种景色uuW-cyAJ95mtIt

参考译文

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一项新研究表明,受伤的时间点会影响伤口愈合的速度PIX%ZD^,3@60
白天伤口的愈合速度要比晚上伤口的愈合速度快大约60%zO+]yIge17n
该研究表明,生理节律控制着伤口的愈合情况CxCkMwAZIg3=6BlVc;。生理节律就像时钟或者定时器一类的东西,可以周期性地告诉机体何时醒来、吃饭、睡觉——这是我们日复一日重复进行的一系列活动KOtOD65ELR。每个周期大约持续24小时1l*NGD|FlmDKGH[
该研究的工作人员发现,对于白天所受的伤口,皮肤细胞的移动速度会更快,来修复这些伤口Chdw+&Pl)qfy。他们的发现成果发表在了《科学转化医学》期刊上p~76;|VE8ZQg.

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他们检验了细胞、老鼠、烧伤的数据库S,QW8rO=liC。他们发现了如下精确信息:夜间烧伤——晚8点-次日早8点——通常需要28天的时间才可以达到95%的伤口愈合程度r--D%oFmaE9r
但白天烧伤平均需要17天——早8点-晚8点期间的伤口——就可以达到95%的愈合程度D4s(lca1bsS+ar
换句话说,夜间烧伤的伤口平均比白天的伤口要多11天才能愈合9O[AWKiz7kdzj@
科学家表示,生物钟对愈合起着关键性作用k9OfAx,t#Z!O7。生物钟控制着机体的许多细胞,并影响着很多生化过程,包括睡觉Qkj9XwLW7InU=fXb4T@^
约翰 奥尼尔是该研究的领头人之一o;UASnWToQ。他表示,这是个体细胞内的生物钟第一次展现出他们如何影响伤口的愈合hN[ckhj^qQ7%fx
奥尼尔补充道,我们持续观察到,生物钟在白天和晚上对伤口的愈合速度有两倍之差,这或许是因为我们的机体已经进化为在白天愈合伤口最快,因为白天更容易受伤X*Q@k24dijFGvSdj#V7N
治疗伤口的成本高昂)BnSQPOk^Id3p7_XV.。每年全球有数十亿美元是花在治疗伤口的服务商ZFYg)M+9ZFYx3te[。比如,英国的国民保健服务治疗伤口的成本大概是65.6亿美元/年|8FAVjYl9m。专家表示,成本高的部分原因是缺乏加速愈合伤口的药物jtQ_9+M&,saX3H7a
如果该研究的成果能得到其他研究的证实的话,就会对外科手术和创伤修复医学有重要的启示BnC^U|aGZ2o~x_+Bnvr
约翰是英国曼彻斯特大学的工作人员R~Sc(n[Kj;rX,。他表示,这项新研究的发现成果可能会帮助科学家研发更好的药物~e%OQk]rZ5|61U#Fe。他补充道,这些发现成果还可能帮助医生掌握做外科手术或者用药的最好时段Bn~D6@OBOWxZ~3Zr
John Russell为您播报%;50Jn@.kI]kh7dLQ|

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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