VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):伊朗和伊拉克边界附近发生强震
日期:2017-11-16 14:09

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Deadly Earthquake Strikes Iran and Iraq
Iranian officials say more than 400 people are dead after a powerful earthquake struck along the country's border with Iraq Sunday night.
A spokesman for Iran's crisis management headquarters spoke to reporters on Monday. He said that about 6,700 people were injured in the earthquake.
At least seven people were killed in Iraq, the Associated Press (AP) reported.
In the United States, scientists described the quake as being 7.3 in magnitude – a measurement of its relative size. The U.S. Geological Survey said the quake was centered near the city of Halabja in eastern Iraq. But small tremors were felt as far west as the Mediterranean coast.
Reports say the worst damage appeared to be in Iran's western province of Kermanshah.
Damage spread over a large area
In Iraq, health officials said that, in Kurdish areas, the quake killed seven people and injured more than 500 others.
The quake also is believed to have damaged a dam on the Diyala River in Iraq. The dam's director told the AP that the dam was built in 1961. He said it was very strong, but had very clear damage.
Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi said he has directed health and aid agencies to provide assistance.
Electricity and water were cut off in several cities in both Iraq and Iran.
Media reports from Iran say the quake has affected at least 14 provinces. Iranian state media appealed for blood donations.
In Iran, blocked roads have made it difficult for rescue workers to reach distant villages. Officials say rescue efforts have been slow.
The head of the Iranian Red Crescent said that more than 70,000 people need emergency shelter.
International aid efforts have begun.
The vice president of the Turkish Red Crescent told the AP that 33 aid trucks were being sent to the Iraqi city of Sulaimaniyah.
Three thousand tents and heaters, 10,000 beds, blankets and food are among the aid items being sent.
Turkey also said it would help Iran if aid is requested.
Major earthquake fault lines run through Iran, causing quakes. Some of them are very powerful.
In 2003, a magnitude 6.6 earthquake destroyed the historic city of Bam and killed 26,000 people.
More recently, in 2012, a major earthquake centered in East Azerbaijan province killed 300 people.
I'm Mario Ritter.

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重点解析

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1.crisis management 危机管理

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They said all countries need to strengthen oversight and crisis management mechanisms.
他们说所有的国家都需要加强失察和危机管理机制O62wI!aqjSpQlY

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2.aid items 救援物资

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All of the aid items that are absolutely essential in a situation like this where people have fled with nothing.
所有这些援助物资对于一无所有逃离家园的人是绝对重要的vU.xKip5,!~

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3.emergency shelter 紧急避难

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The military has been ordered by radio to the local population emergency shelter order.
军方已经通过广播向当地民众下达了紧急躲避令]@&xnb#@I%%L*j8fvA

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4.blood donations 献血

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Blood donations are also being collected on university campuses.
献血也在大学校园里进行着UG-4#0FUskY#rhK

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5.But small tremors were felt as far west as the Mediterranean coast.

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as far as 只要;到...为止

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As far as I know he'll be away for three months.
据我所知,他将外出三个月1mOS98Ma%dGWimfvk
I'll keep you company as far as the station.
我将与你结伴到车站yGG*LOo^6+2(

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6.Electricity and water were cut off in several cities in both Iraq and Iran.

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cut off 切断;中断

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They were almost completely cut off from the outside world.
他们几乎完全与外界绝缘了om4s58.oTi
The rebels have cut off electricity from the capital.
叛军已经切断了来自首都的供电jvgn+y4dv-m;7

参考译文

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伊朗和伊拉克边界附近发生强震
伊朗官员称,周日晚间,伊朗与伊拉克边境发生强震,造成400多人死亡ajtMVHzQYmGP1W
周一,伊朗危机管理总部的一名发言人告诉记者,约6700人在地震中受伤f[ryf3(By_5;7[i5hX
据美联社报道,伊拉克境内至少有7人死亡aKwCbuLUjq
美国科学家表示,地震的相对震级为里氏7.3级lpeEs4H#41=u。美国地质调查局称,震源主要位于伊拉克东部的哈拉布迦市k6s[|]Q,~)jBb,P3。不过,连西部地中海海岸都有震感uycE+AD|6YshuLN
报道称,伊朗西部克尔曼沙赫省遭到的破坏最严重k^XPd7LL&J@

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伊朗和伊拉克边界附近发生强震.jpg
伊拉克卫生部官员称,地震造成库尔德地区有7人死亡,500多人受伤Vv6jnhCyF~]+!k(0*s
据称,地震还摧毁了伊拉克迪亚拉河的一座大坝OmO8tC[I#2^pXL,Pl*I。大坝负责人告诉美联社,这座大坝建于1961年I@a!O((ebmd0s7e*@6。他表示,这座大坝非常坚固,不过已出现明显损坏MIqSwgzjIoazlYw[
伊拉克总理阿巴迪(Haider al-Abadi)称,已下令让医疗援助机构提供救助O*pAbvcp3(av.
伊拉克和伊朗有几座城市已经断水断电qB(]*-X(NT,D8GmZ2[xI
伊朗媒体报道称,受灾地区包括至少14个省puQ9pn0lNC2;_S。伊朗官方媒体开始呼吁人们踊跃献血sumif=(H)~*
伊朗受损道路导致救援人员难以抵达偏远村庄hRv2k;ErB3。官员称,救援工作进展迟缓PE,9~;~%(iQeU~nt
伊朗红新月会的负责人称,有7万多人需进行应急避难安置lWImZ,&O=eLG
国际救援工作已经展开xpz+FeLD^5,Zl
土耳其红新月会副主席告诉美联社,33辆救援卡车开往伊拉克苏莱曼尼亚市h!R&S;P(eOg|
救援物品包括3000件帐篷和取暖设备,10000件床上用品、毯子和食物&d8.zB#)@U
土耳其还表示,如有需求,他们也会提供援助Qo.4#rkOEn5Ky!
伊朗境内有多处主要地震断层带,会引发地震VpzW[8yX+whc。其中一些地震断层十分活跃KDK))(br[Hd]
2003年,一场里氏6.6级的地震摧毁了历史名城巴姆,造成26000人死亡5FVhU;t.B+
最近,2012年东阿塞拜疆省发生强震,造成300人死亡6sfs0ZK~yKX8,ngy
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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